Definition of prognosis in English:

prognosis

noun

  • 1The likely course of a disease or ailment.

    ‘the disease has a poor prognosis’
    • ‘Early intervention is important because the long term prognosis depends on the duration of medication overuse.’
    • ‘The development of malignant pleural effusion frequently heralds a poor prognosis.’
    • ‘Once clinical cardiovascular disease develops, these patients have a poorer prognosis than normoglycemic patients.’
    • ‘The presence of spinal cord lesions or atrophy also suggests a poor prognosis.’
    • ‘Follow up is needed to see if the children's poor prognosis is improved and criminality prevented.’
    • ‘The prognosis depends on the cause and the severity of the neurologic deficit.’
    • ‘By reducing stress, it might improve the prognosis of the disease.’
    • ‘He suffered many medical complications and his prognosis was poor.’
    • ‘Syncope is a relatively common problem with a favorable prognosis in most patients.’
    • ‘Low-grade central osteosarcoma has a very good longterm prognosis.’
    • ‘According to the doctors, her longterm prognosis is not good.’
    • ‘We previously reported that young patients had relatively more advanced disease and a poorer prognosis than older patients.’
    • ‘The prognosis is poor for patients treated with surgery or radiation therapy alone.’
    • ‘Advanced liver failure carries a poor prognosis, and its prevalence may be reflected by mortality statistics in the form of death certifications for liver disease.’
    • ‘Despite the availability of valid chemotherapeutic regimens, the prognosis remains poor.’
    • ‘Ventricular tachycardia carries a serious adverse prognosis, particularly in the presence of coronary artery disease and impaired ventricular function.’
    • ‘Complications, including spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and renal insufficiency, further worsen the prognosis.’
    • ‘Microarray analysis is already being used to predict the prognosis of patients with certain types of cancer.’
    • ‘Tests for autoantibodies can be used to assist in determining the prognosis of this disease.’
    • ‘The factors that determine prognosis and evolution of the disease are poorly understood.’
    1. 1.1 A forecast of the likely course of a disease or ailment.
      ‘it is very difficult to make an accurate prognosis’
      • ‘Accurate diagnosis is crucial for obtaining an accurate prognosis as well as assigning appropriate treatment for the disease.’
      • ‘A biopsy was done and the initial prognosis was optimistic.’
      • ‘One-third of patients will develop renal failure, which is associated with the worst prognosis for survival.’
      • ‘It is very difficult for me to give an accurate prognosis.’
      • ‘We would be left with only anecdotal information on which to base prognosis and treatment for many common cancers and we would know much less about many common diseases.’
      • ‘Her parents could not accept the medical diagnosis and prognosis.’
      • ‘These conditions must be differentiated early to provide the patient with optimal treatment and accurate prognosis.’
      • ‘Treatment plans and prognosis also are based on the tumor's stage or extent of growth.’
      • ‘This makes diagnosis and prognosis based on genetic abnormalities difficult for most malignancies.’
      • ‘Any mole that is suggestive of melanoma requires an excisional biopsy, primarily because prognosis and treatment are based on tumor thickness.’
      • ‘If a concussion is managed appropriately, the prognosis for complete recovery is good.’
      • ‘Therefore, prognosis is often based on a presumptive or theoretical argument and/or past clinical experience.’
      • ‘These questions are required to be answered with a medical opinion and a prognosis taking into account the plaintiff's injuries and the degree of his recovery.’
      • ‘The difference between chance and forecast cases is only a difference of degree, but in the latter case the medical prognosis is more likely to be correct.’
      • ‘Accurate diagnosis of EES is important for establishing a prognosis and treatment planning.’
      • ‘The doctors' prognosis has been supported by her recent competition results.’
      • ‘Finally, providing an accurate prognosis to a patient is crucial in deciding how aggressive a treatment should be used.’
      • ‘Traditionally, physicians have estimated prognosis using their clinical experience.’
      • ‘Generating an accurate prognosis is a difficult task under the best of conditions.’
      • ‘They seem not to appreciate that patients may want to be given as accurate a prognosis as possible despite knowing that effective treatment may not be available if more widespread disease is diagnosed.’
      opinion, judgement, verdict, pronouncement, conclusion, interpretation
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A forecast of the likely outcome of a situation.
      ‘gloomy prognoses about overpopulation’
      • ‘Of course prognoses of the future of religion are based on what you imagine to be true religion.’
      • ‘This rather gloomy prognosis has not been entirely repudiated by critics.’
      • ‘Finally he pointed out that history provides a gloomy prognosis.’
      • ‘They require highly skilled workforces and have a good longterm prognosis.’
      • ‘To date, there is also little evidence to support this more grim prognosis.’
      • ‘This isn't the first time Medicare has been given a gloomy prognosis.’
      • ‘The Commonwealth will not collapse today, and the prognosis, based on Vermont's experience, is good.’
      • ‘It is difficult to imagine executives at the Daily Mail or the Sun delivering such a gloomy prognosis - or setting such unambitious targets.’
      • ‘The good news is that while a gloomy prognosis for European manufacturing is unfolding, we are by no means in the initial stages of a stagflationary impulse.’
      • ‘Data collected from twenty-seven countries in the region project a gloomy prognosis.’
      • ‘With so many matches being lost to flooding and the prognosis that the situation is likely to get worse in the short term, one answer to the problem of suitable venues for matches might be to use canals.’
      • ‘At the NCB event RBS stressed that it did not accept the gloomy prognosis for the Irish economy that is prevalent in the British media.’
      • ‘The gloomy prognosis makes some sense because office rents and vacancies are traditionally trailing indicators of the broader economy.’
      • ‘He gave the Cabinet a deeply gloomy prognosis about the effects of prolonged conflict on an already stuttering world economy.’
      • ‘Markets remained skittish and nervous, always ready to believe the latest scare story or gloomy prognosis.’
      • ‘The report emphasizes that the pessimistic prognoses of some critics that the initiatives would damage competitiveness have been dashed.’
      • ‘Given such gloomy prognoses, it's surprising how defiant and upbeat the small army of programmers working to bring alternative fare to their audiences seem to be.’
      forecast, prediction, projection, prognostication, prophecy
      View synonyms

Origin

Mid 17th century: via late Latin from Greek prognōsis, from pro- ‘before’ + gignōskein ‘know’.

Pronunciation

prognosis

/präɡˈnōsəs//prɑɡˈnoʊsəs/