Definition of proctoscope in US English:



  • A medical instrument with an integral lamp for examining the anus and lower part of the rectum or carrying out minor medical procedures.

    • ‘He presents a number of scenarios that imply that the majority of cancers are detectable directly or with simple instrumentation, like ‘a head mirror, tongue depressor, vaginal speculum or proctoscope.’’
    • ‘Of all malignant disease, about 50 per cent occurs in areas which may be inspected directly, or with only simple instrumentation, such as the proctoscope.’
    • ‘To check for leaks, the surgeon at the rectal site inserts a proctoscope into the anus.’
    • ‘The doctor either uses a gloved finger or an instrument called a proctoscope to check for abnormalities such as growths on the rectal wall.’
    • ‘One of the main investigations is a proctoscopy, where a small telescope known as a proctoscope is passed into the anal canal.’


Late 19th century: from Greek prōktos ‘anus’ + -scope.