Definition of primary process in English:

primary process


  • An unconscious thought process that arises from the pleasure principle and is irrational and not subject to compulsion, such as condensation, which occurs in dreaming, or displacement, which occurs in the formation of a phobia.

    • ‘The oceanic feeling associated with primary process and pleasure principle experience must ultimately give way to the reality of Time bounded experience and the secondary process.’
    • ‘People may be attracted to such virtual environments because - like dreams - they satisfy this need for an alternative view of reality by encouraging the unconscious, primary process styles of thinking.’
    • ‘Discarded signifiers (not used in the immediacy of secondary process language and thought) continue to be organised, largely by the primary processes of displacement, condensation and symbol formation.’
    • ‘Nietzsche's duality of Dionysian and Apollonian closely resembles Freud's duality of primary process and secondary process.’
    • ‘Whitaker accessed the symbolic world of the family to facilitate primary process relating.’