Definition of primary industry in US English:

primary industry


  • Industry, such as mining, agriculture, or forestry, that is concerned with obtaining or providing natural raw materials for conversion into commodities and products for the consumer.

    • ‘The share of primary industry in the economic structure decreased steadily from 26.6 percent in 1970 to 5.7 percent in 1997.’
    • ‘Exporters also have opportunities, the best lying in elaborately transformed manufactures and the supply of inputs to export-oriented primary industries and natural resource based manufacturing.’
    • ‘All the trends are the same; declining employment in manufacturing and in primary industry; rapidly rising in private services.’
    • ‘Our whole economy is dependent on good science, from the production and processing of our primary industries right across the economy.’
    • ‘At each level of production, from primary industry to finished product and marketing, approximately half the value added is due to labor.’


primary industry