Definition of presidium in US English:


(also praesidium)


  • 1A standing executive committee in a communist country.

    • ‘Often they could not see the speaker or presidium even by craning their necks.’
    • ‘The detention and trial of some presidium leaders, and the rapprochement with other members of the elite also reflects some of the proposals.’
    • ‘She was so distrustful that she was only prepared to report verbally on the program's content to the party presidium just one week before the presentation of the finished document.’
    • ‘She was in Brisbane with other presidium members, some of whom attended the UN General Assembly the following month.’
    • ‘In 1933 and 1935, for example, the presidium called for the ‘more bold and decisive promotion of women into leadership positions.’’
    • ‘Supported by other officers, the President and Vice-Presidents form a Presidium or Bureau which organizes the Committee's business.’
    • ‘The presidium will hold a meeting to discuss the schedule and the agenda of the assembly this afternoon at 2pm.’
    • ‘Four other colleagues from the presidium were also taken into custody.’
    • ‘Political weight has been involved in the antigovernment protests, with some opposition leaders calling for an establishment of a presidium to replace the current government whom they claim had lost public confidence.’
    • ‘There are also many Kohl supporters in the party presidium.’
    1. 1.1 The standing executive committee in the former Soviet Union, which functioned as the legislative authority when the Supreme Soviet was not sitting.
      • ‘Also, the USSR Council of People's Commissars had the right to suspend all decisions and orders of the Republic's Council of Commissars, and the Praesidium of the Supreme Soviet could annul them.’


1920s: from Russian prezidium, from Latin praesidium ‘protection, garrison’ (see preside).