Definition of premise in US English:

premise

noun

Logic
  • 1A previous statement or proposition from which another is inferred or follows as a conclusion.

    ‘if the premise is true, then the conclusion must be true’
    • ‘Such propositions appear only as premises, never as conclusions.’
    • ‘A valid inference is one where the conclusion follows from the premiss.’
    • ‘It seems laughable to conclude from these premisses that a and b are identical to some respect.’
    • ‘More formally, the conclusion of a deduction follows necessarily from the premisses.’
    proposition, assumption, hypothesis, thesis, presupposition, postulation, postulate, supposition, presumption, surmise, conjecture, speculation, datum, argument, assertion, belief, thought
    proposition, assumption, hypothesis, thesis, presupposition, postulation, postulate, supposition, presumption, surmise, conjecture, speculation, datum, argument, assertion, belief, thought
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    1. 1.1 An assertion or proposition which forms the basis for a work or theory.
      ‘the fundamental premise of the report’
      • ‘The primary premise of this theory is that although errors can occur within highly reliable organizations, they rarely do so.’
      • ‘Throughout the book numerous studies are given as premises for the theories Buss poses, along with many case study examples.’
      • ‘Does evidence from Japan challenge basic premises of current psychological theories?’
      • ‘The fundamental premise of the publication is that early design for space travel was influenced largely by science fiction.’
      • ‘The central premise of the theory is that disorder operates on honest people and on the disorderly in different ways.’
      • ‘It is the fundamental premise of the theory of evolution.’
      • ‘Even if its fundamental premise is slightly flawed, the film manages to work to a great extent.’
      • ‘Two objections, however, are thrown up by the premises of neoliberal theory itself.’
      • ‘I would have called it a fine book were it not for disagreeing with its fundamental premise that men were inevitably opposed to women's advances.’
      • ‘The basic premise behind this book is that we have these ‘chance’ meetings with people, that are anything but chance.’
      • ‘Each constitution has been premised on the belief that rights are granted to citizens by the state.’
      • ‘The fundamental premise of the report is that violence is both predictable and preventable.’
      • ‘I thought the fundamental premise of this article was unsound.’
      • ‘Darwin based his theory on scientific hypothesis and not metaphysical premises.’
      proposition, assumption, hypothesis, thesis, presupposition, postulation, postulate, supposition, presumption, surmise, conjecture, speculation, datum, argument, assertion, belief, thought
      proposition, assumption, hypothesis, thesis, presupposition, postulation, postulate, supposition, presumption, surmise, conjecture, speculation, datum, argument, assertion, belief, thought
      View synonyms

verb

[with object]premise something on/upon
  • 1Base an argument, theory, or undertaking on.

    ‘the reforms were premised on our findings’
    • ‘But he cannot invoke this common-sense reason for setting aside history, for his entire theory is premised on the idea that justice is a matter of ‘history’ not ‘end states’.’
    • ‘Spenser, therefore, premised his attack on the jury system on his ethnological view of Irish society.’
    • ‘However, literary evaluations that fluctuate like fashions are premised on what is the latest: that is, whatever is new is good.’
    • ‘Significantly, five of the six concurring justices premised their decision on the right of privacy.’
    • ‘The Court noted that Section 16 made it an offence for a licensee knowingly to harbour or suffer to remain on his premises any constable on duty.’
    • ‘At the beginning of his Memorial, the writer premises his argument on religious values.’
    • ‘The schemes are premised on procurement of cost-effective drugs in right quantities; selection of reliable suppliers; timely delivery; and achievement of lowest possible total cost.’
    • ‘The argument is premised on the assumption of formal equality of individuals.’
    • ‘The problem is that the argument is premised on a falsehood.’
    • ‘Having premised his freedom on the absolute rejection of the above ground, Daniel discovers his freedom in solitude to be more terrifying, if possible, than the terror of the fugitive.’
    1. 1.1 State or presuppose (something) as a premise.
      with clause ‘one school of thought premised that the cosmos is indestructible’
      • ‘Which is to say that on these premises it makes no sense to attribute consciousness to another human being at all.’
      • ‘In his concluding remarks, he rather defensively explains: ‘This book was always premised to be about my country, not about the Balkans or any other foreign country.’’
      • ‘In several obvious ways, the way John represented his interest premises the idea that fans are consumerists.’
      postulate, hypothesize, conjecture, posit, theorize, suppose, presuppose, surmise, assume, predicate, argue, state, assert
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    2. 1.2archaic State by way of introduction.
      with clause ‘I will premise generally that I hate lecturing’
      precede, introduce, prefix, begin, open, start, launch, lead up to, lead into
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Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French premisse, from medieval Latin praemissa (propositio) ‘(proposition) set in front’, from Latin praemittere, from prae ‘before’ + mittere ‘send’.

Pronunciation

premise

/ˈprɛməs//ˈpreməs/