Main definitions of pound in English

: pound1pound2pound3

pound1

noun

  • 1A unit of weight in general use equal to 16 oz. avoirdupois (0.4536 kg)

    • ‘Also, please keep in mind that no matter where you are, a kilogram equals 2.2 pounds.’
    • ‘Subject height was 5 feet and 3 inches and subject weight was 47 pounds and 4 ounces.’
    • ‘Birth weight was recorded in pounds and ounces and converted into kilograms.’
    • ‘Most cohort members reported their offspring's birth weights in pounds and ounces.’
    • ‘A Gecko can support the equivalent of 90 pounds while hanging upside down.’
    • ‘At a weight of two hundred pounds, he is still nowhere near his goal, but he has already made a vast improvement.’
    • ‘A short ton is the standard U.S. ton of 2,000 pounds and measures weight.’
    • ‘Thus, using this value is a bit like rounding off your own weight to the nearest hundred pounds.’
    • ‘The squid weighs about 550 pounds and was found in two pieces on Seven Mile Beach.’
    • ‘The average weight of workers when they left the factory was 76 pounds.’
    • ‘It could be anything, from tiny fractions of a gram to hundreds of pounds of high explosives.’
    • ‘Medication errors in children can occur when a decimal point is misplaced in a dose, or an incorrect weight conversion from pounds to kilograms is made.’
    • ‘In cooking, ingredients are expressed in teaspoons, tablespoons, ounces, pounds, and cups.’
    • ‘More than 200 pounds of chilled, wet bamboo were in supply to cater to any hunger pangs.’
    • ‘Distances still refer to yards or miles, weights are in pounds and ounces, and temperature readings are in Fahrenheit.’
    • ‘Also, no single piece of luggage should exceed 70 pounds or 32 kilos in weight.’
    • ‘Through weight training and cardio, I lost another 19 pounds and gained a ton of muscle.’
    • ‘The airplane was covered with a thick layer of ice that had deformed the normally efficient airfoil and added several hundred pounds of extra weight.’
    • ‘Each reel of film weighs about 350 pounds and is moved around with a special forklift.’
    • ‘It is approved for rates of 1-3 ounces per hundred pounds of seed.’
    1. 1.1 A unit of weight equal to 12 oz. troy (0.3732 kg) used for precious metals.
  • 2"( plural pounds sterling ) "The basic monetary unit of the UK, equal to 100 pence.

    • ‘A popular village event which raises thousands of pounds for charity is under threat.’
    • ‘For instance, a major reason for the damaging appreciations of the dollar and the pound sterling in the 1980s was tight monetary policy in the United States and United Kingdom respectively.’
    • ‘Changes in exchange rates between the UK pounds sterling and the US dollar will affect the translation of the UK subsidiaries' financial results into US dollars for the purposes of reporting the consolidated financial results.’
    • ‘The dollar will continue to slide against the Euro and the Pound, reaching a low of $2 to the pound before the middle of the year (and possibly sinking further).’
    • ‘It's a curious truth that, in the middle of a multi-million pound anti-truancy drive, most of the people this campaign is aimed at simply don't know what those in authority are talking about.’
    • ‘The owner said that it had cost 85,000 British pounds which was 20,000 over his budget.’
    • ‘A post office worker has admitted stealing thousands of pounds worth of benefit payments.’
    • ‘Vandals have trashed 52 shopping trolleys, causing thousands of pounds worth of damage.’
    • ‘As things stand we are looking at the euro going to $1.40 and the pound sterling being worth two dollars in the New Year.’
    • ‘The only exceptions to this convention are quotes in relation to the euro, the pound sterling and the Australian dollar - these three are quoted as dollars per foreign currency.’
    • ‘The cedi dropped 12 cents against the U.S. dollar and 83 cents against the pound at the end of April.’
    • ‘According to analysts, sale of the company could raise several hundred million pounds.’
    • ‘The data will be required to be submitted on a quarterly basis and will be in the five major currencies of the world, viz., the US dollar, the yen, the Deutsche mark, the pound sterling, and the euro.’
    • ‘I want to take advantage of the relative values of the pound sterling and the Australian dollar.’
    • ‘Missed holidays mean that nearly four billion pounds worth of work goes unpaid across the country each year.’
    pound sterling, £
    quid, smacker, smackeroo, nicker, oner, oncer
    sovereign
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1
      another term for punt
    2. 2.2 The basic monetary unit of several Middle Eastern countries, equal to 100 piastres.
      • ‘More than seven million Egyptian pounds have been spent on updating it to prepare for privatisation.’
      • ‘He said coalition forces on the ground recovered numerous weapons, 2m Iraqi dinars and Syrian pounds, foreign passports and a satcom radio.’
    3. 2.3 The former basic monetary unit of Cyprus, equal to 100 cents.
    4. 2.4 The basic monetary unit of Sudan.

Phrases

  • one's pound of flesh

    • Something that one is strictly or legally entitled to, but that it is ruthless or inhuman to demand.

      • ‘Now that these men demand their pound of flesh in increasingly raucous voices, the government at the Centre has no resort left but to acquiesce.’
      • ‘A thought for the New Year might be that they are after all money lenders and like the most famous of them, Shylock, there comes a time when they will demand their pound of flesh.’
      • ‘If the city councillors decide to go ahead with demanding their pound of flesh, perhaps the central government could compensate by offering to honour its moral obligation by paying the rent on behalf of the embassies.’
      • ‘And while the jury is aghast at some of the recent evidence, and will rightly demand its pound of flesh, it is also capable of taking a longer-term view.’
      • ‘I sense they feel their power and, at the worst possible moment, double the price, or demand a pound of flesh.’
      • ‘Clubs are demanding their pound of flesh and, bit by bit, are seeking to subvert the supremacy of nationalist interests.’
      • ‘But he will still demand his monthly pound of flesh.’
      • ‘And they let me do this three-CD spoken-word box set without really demanding a pound of flesh in return.’
      • ‘Despite the sport demanding its pound of flesh, financially and physically, he managed to pull his weight for four full years.’
      • ‘‘The coalition partners will demand their pound of flesh when it comes to getting the best portfolios,’ said one observer.’

Origin

Old English pund, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch pond and German Pfund, from Latin (libra) pondo, denoting a Roman (pound) weight of 12 ounces.

Pronunciation:

pound

/pound/

Main definitions of pound in English

: pound1pound2pound3

pound2

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Strike or hit heavily and repeatedly.

    ‘Patrick pounded the couch with his fists’
    ‘U.S. gunships pounded the capital’
    [no object] ‘pounding on the door, she shouted at the top of her voice’
    • ‘She woke up at noon the next day feeling as if a hammer had pounded each one of her muscles.’
    • ‘A boat from the killer fleet had struck the reef out past the skerries and was being pounded to pieces by the pelting waves.’
    • ‘It felt as if a million nails were being pounded by a hammer.’
    • ‘There was a resounding thud as the golem pounded one of the steel poles into the ground less than half a foot from Tim.’
    • ‘It goes with the territory when you weigh 255 pounds and lack elusiveness and opponents have been pounding on you for three months.’
    • ‘The spectacular shorelines were pounded by huge waves, hammering away at the enormous rock faces.’
    • ‘Chassepot armed infantry easily checked their opponents, but were pounded by artillery and forced to retreat as the Germans found their flanks.’
    • ‘This city has been pounded by artillery, by air strikes, by bombardment.’
    • ‘They awoke to find the rain pounding down on the sole window of their room.’
    • ‘She narrowed her eyes and turned to the door, wanting to pound whoever was out there.’
    • ‘I struck him, pounding on his chest with all my might as I continued my theatrics.’
    • ‘She could still hear the rain pounding away on the roof.’
    • ‘Some of the vehicles look as though they have been pounded with a hammer.’
    • ‘The rain was pounding heavily against the windows of the apartment.’
    • ‘The village was being pounded by volcano ejecta that have already flattened a house.’
    • ‘She was standing right in front of the door with a giant umbrella in her hand and started pounding me with it and stabbing me with the point.’
    • ‘That was a mistake and that gave his opponent the chance to pound at his back.’
    • ‘I frantically pounded on the door, screaming to be let out.’
    • ‘However, you will be able to dispatch most of these opponents by pounding on the primary attack button whenever an enemy nears you.’
    • ‘The rain was still pounding relentlessly against the glass, tapping and slapping.’
    beat against, crash against, batter, dash against, crack against, crack into, lash, strike, hit, buffet
    bombard, bomb, shell, blitz, strafe, torpedo, pepper, fire on, attack
    beat, strike, hit, batter, thump, pummel, punch, rain blows on, belabour, hammer, thrash, set on, tear into, weigh into, bang, crack, drub, welt, thwack
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Crush or grind (something) into a powder or paste by beating it with an instrument such as a pestle.
      ‘pound the cloves with salt and pepper until smooth’
      • ‘In Africa, fufu is made by boiling plantain, cassava, or rice, and then pounding it with a large wooden mortar and pestle.’
      • ‘Using your pestle and mortar, you want to pound the garlic with a little pinch of salt along with the basil leaves.’
      • ‘After pounding them in a mortar, one obtains a red powder, ndimba.’
      • ‘These vegetables are often pounded into a thick, sticky dough or paste.’
      • ‘For example, I was trying to mash up some potatoes, and I guess I was pounding the potatoes too hard.’
      • ‘In a mortar, pound the salt, garlic and anchovies to a paste.’
      • ‘Whiz them to a powder using a spice or coffee grinder, or pound them in a pestle and mortar.’
      • ‘Using a mortar and pestle, pound the white peppercorns, cilantro roots and garlic cloves into a thick paste, adding each ingredient one at a time.’
      • ‘Traditionally, a mortar pestle is used to pound the coffee, but he tells me that with the passage of time, quite a few things have changed.’
      • ‘She pounded the roots feverishly with mortar and pestle, mixing in a little water, and a little lamb's blood one of the women had brought to her from the courtyard.’
      • ‘Writing, which ought to nurture and give shape to thought, is instead being used to pound it into a powder and then reconstitute it into gruel.’
      • ‘As the ingredients are pounded they release their fragrance; the balance of the paste can be perceived in this aroma, and is adjusted while being made.’
      • ‘They may have been part of a pre-Christian religious ritual or they may have been communal property in which corn or oats was pounded or ground.’
      • ‘Currently at the moment they're making cardamom, and you can hear they're pounding, so they clean it and then they pound it and then they grind it on stone, and we sell the spices with our logo on it.’
      • ‘Slowly add olive oil to loosen the paste as you pound it then add the rest of the cheese.’
      • ‘Using a mortar and pestle, pound the garlic and chili pepper with olive oil to form a rough paste.’
      crush, grind, pulverize, beat, mill, pestle, mash, pulp, bruise, powder, granulate
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2[no object] Beat, throb, or vibrate with a strong regular rhythm.
      ‘her heart was pounding’
      • ‘As I moved cautiously back to my room, my heart never stopped pounding loudly in my ears.’
      • ‘My heart pounded furiously in my chest, and dizziness washed over me in waves.’
      • ‘His throat was dry, and his head was pounding like a bass drum, but otherwise he felt ok.’
      • ‘She waited a beat, her heart pounding in her ears, then laughed again.’
      • ‘I could feel his pulse pounding in his throat.’
      • ‘Blood pounded in her temples, her cheeks burnt with the shock of impact.’
      • ‘He could feel the anger swelling up and beginning to pound through his veins.’
      • ‘His heart began to pound loudly in his ears as the woman perused his features blankly.’
      • ‘The man's eyes darted open as he glanced around the room for a moment, heart pounding and hand throbbing in sympathy with the memory.’
      • ‘Her heart began to race inside of her chest, pounding against her ribcage.’
      • ‘His heart pounded quickly, beating out a fierce tattoo in his strong chest as he walked down the paths which wound and turned into dead ends.’
      • ‘I suddenly realized that my heart was pounding and beating so fast it hurt.’
      • ‘There are countless others including some recently written that would take very little to get the blood pounding and the heart throbbing.’
      • ‘His feet were still pounding a maniacal staccato beat.’
      • ‘He kicked it with his toe, his pulse pounding with excitement.’
      • ‘He could feel the sweats in his hands, and the heartbeat pounding against his rib cage.’
      • ‘Still moving, we drew nearer to the location and our hearts began to pound faster.’
      • ‘She was weak, now, even with the vampiric blood pounding through her veins.’
      • ‘The voices still pounded away in his ears even though they had gone long ago.’
      • ‘Rachel could feel her heart start pounding faster at the sight of his smile.’
      throb, thump, thud, hammer, pulsate, pulse, pump, palpitate, race, beat heavily, go pit-a-pat, pitter-patter, vibrate, drum
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3[no object] Walk or run with heavy steps.
      ‘I heard him pounding along the gangway’
      • ‘But running, especially pounding along on a hard surface like a road or path, can put a lot of strain on joints.’
      • ‘Feet could be heard pounding down the steps to his quarters and a voice cried out, ‘Maurice!’’
      • ‘They heard heavy footsteps pounding on the stone steps and they saw Matilda standing in front of them with her smile at its most evil.’
      • ‘The sound of steps pounding on linoleum rang out, so close, so close, coming from just beyond the door, and yet she couldn't move.’
      • ‘Footsteps pounded the pavement behind them, and Devon gripped her hand tightly.’
      • ‘It is all too easy to sneak out of the apartment now, and within the space of five minutes, my footsteps are pounding along the pavement.’
      • ‘I could hear ten pairs of heavy feet pound past me as Julius yanked me up.’
      • ‘The soldier had regained his feet and pounded up the steps after her.’
      • ‘Heavy feet pounded on the packed dirt and a moment later Michael was wading into the fray.’
      • ‘His sneakers pounded the black pavement as he bolted to the sliding glass doors.’
      • ‘They could hear him running down the corridor, feet pounding along the steps.’
      • ‘Before he had time to respond the blonde was already pounding down the steps and on her way into the kitchen.’
      • ‘Heavy footsteps pounding down the thickly carpeted steps as Ethan entered the room, one of his endless flings hanging onto his arms.’
      • ‘Her feet pounded down the steps, echoing through the hollow grayness of the castle.’
      • ‘He footsteps pounded down the stairs and rang in my ears.’
      • ‘A few steps into the house, loud steps pounded down the stairs.’
      • ‘She heard steps pounded down the hallway, they were only slightly muffled by the carpet.’
      • ‘Finally, he vanished from sight and she heard the sound of horses hooves rapidly pounding away.’
      • ‘Leanne's outrage returned and she flung her mother aside, her feet pounding up the front steps.’
      • ‘The ability to think rationally flooded out of her as she heard his heavy footsteps pounding louder.’
      run heavily, walk heavily, stomp, lumber, clomp, clump, tramp, trudge
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4informal Defeat (an opponent) in a resounding way.
      ‘the Yankees pounded the Red Sox 22–1’
      • ‘It was something of a massacre - Hawthorn pounded St Kilda into the ground in a major way, and I was glad to be only supporting them for today!’
      • ‘He pounded him to defeat inside three rounds.’
      • ‘At least it lessened the surprise of his being pounded for eight runs in 4 innings, the worst start of his big-league career.’
      • ‘Few teams have the personnel to slow down an opponent that can effectively run the break and also pound you inside.’
      • ‘In a server market with millions of units shipped overall per quarter, it is pounding rivals into the ground with 3,178 sales.’
      • ‘But in April last year, he pounded him to defeat, knocking him out in the seventh round of a one-sided contest.’
      • ‘After 40 pitches he tires, or opponents adjust and pound him.’
      • ‘The Drogheda man could not put two punches together as his eager opponent came forward, crowded him and pounded him with two fisted combinations.’
      • ‘The All Whites shouldn't be constantly praised for ‘brave defeats’ when they've clearly been pounded.’
      beat, conquer, win against, win a victory over, triumph over, prevail over, get the better of, best, worst, vanquish
      View synonyms

Phrases

  • pound the beat

    • (of a police officer) patrol an assigned route or area.

      • ‘Four police officers were pounding the beat in a different part of London on Saturday as they zipped round the marathon course to raise over £3,000 for charity.’
      • ‘All council tax increases were pushed up by two percentage points to pay for a £43 million plan to get 567 extra police officers pounding the beat this year.’
      • ‘That means the centre evaluating a whole raft of community safety measures, such as CCTV cameras, better street lighting - and the numbers of policemen pounding the beat.’
      • ‘In any case, the law has returned in the form of a local policeman pounding the beat (only daytime, but welcome all the same) and a traffic warden (unwelcome by one and all it would seem).’
      • ‘He also called for an increase in police pounding the beat in the area, saying: ‘I think that local people want to see visible policing, with a higher profile.’’
      • ‘He was involved in an initiative calling for senior Scotland Yard officers to pound the beat for at least four hours each month.’
      • ‘Employees pounded the beat with police officers as they blitzed householders with crime prevention advice.’
      • ‘Paramedics are on call and police officers are pounding the beat.’
      • ‘It is a matter of record that he, despite his seniority in the Metropolitan Police, has recently pounded the beat and personally made arrests.’
      • ‘I want to see bobbies pounding the beat around here on foot rather than driving around once or twice a night in a van.’
  • pound the pavement

    • 1Walk the streets in an effort to accomplish something.

      ‘I will pound the pavement from city to city in order to explain the dangers’
      1. 1.1Search diligently for something, typically for a job.
        ‘although the country's current jobless rate is small, the number of people pounding the pavement has become a growing worry’
        • ‘For those pounding the pavement in search of work or forced to produce more in fewer hours with little or no improvement in pay, this is all bad news.’
        • ‘While you were out pounding the pavement, I was booking a special day for us.’
        • ‘With their numbers of enlistees falling, soldiers-turned-salesmen in Reno, NV, work the phones and pound the pavement.’
        • ‘He pressed more flesh in five minutes than a politician pounding the pavement in search of votes on Election Day.’
        • ‘For the first time, I can see the different types of people pounding the pavement, and different cultures competing for attention.’
        • ‘You have to pound the pavement in search of sources, burn the candle at both ends to write engaging sentences, and worst of all, you have to read the whole blurb on the dust jacket of a book for that deep, deep background.’
        • ‘Back from Mayfair on Kensington High Street, I was once again swept up in the rhythm of this city, a relentless beat that, after a day of pounding the pavement, must take a toll on all but the young.’
        • ‘With 20% of MBA grads from this year's survey still pounding the pavement, the best-ranked programs are the ones that give students an edge during tough economic times.’
        • ‘Part of the problem is that journalism terminology glorifies ‘shoe-leather reporting,’ whereby you pound the pavement so often you wear out the soles of your shoes.’
        • ‘On this past visit, I was really trying to make it a permanent home, as I was pounding the pavement for jobs in financial news.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • pound something out

    • 1Type something with heavy keystrokes.

      ‘an old typewriter on which she pounded out her poems’
      • ‘Written by a former Marine Corporal in 1987 when stationed in Washington D.C., it was pounded out on a typewriter while awaiting the commanding officer's Christmas holiday decoration inspection.’
      • ‘They are standing by the story, saying it's possible the documents were pounded out on a typewriter.’
      1. 1.1Produce music by striking an instrument heavily and repeatedly.
        ‘the women pounded out a ringing tattoo on several oil drums’
        • ‘Hawkins pounds the rhythms out mercilessly, all the while fuzzed-out guitars storm the ear canals of the listener.’
        • ‘It closes the album proper on a more downbeat trip and still pounds it out before the end.’
        • ‘They are made by pounding the basic notes out of the surface of steel drums used to transport oil.’
        • ‘It was a great way to kick off the night; they really pounded the beats out.’

Origin

Old English pūnian; related to Dutch puin, Low German pün rubble.

Pronunciation:

pound

/pound/

Main definitions of pound in English

: pound1pound2pound3

pound3

noun

  • 1A place where stray animals, especially dogs, may be officially taken and kept until claimed by their owners or otherwise disposed of.

    • ‘I couldn't put other people's animals in the pound.’
    • ‘Anyone who has a problem with stray dogs can contact the County Dog Warden who will arrange to have the dog brought to an animal pound.’
    • ‘He appealed to owners to take responsibility for their unwanted pets by phoning the dog warden or by dropping the animal to their local pound or animal sanctuary.’
    • ‘They were dogs that had not the karma of household pets, or strays at the pound, but that of the seekers of ecumenical truth.’
    • ‘Aided by a donkey sanctuary welfare officer, he followed a trail that led him to animal pounds and fields in remote areas in the black of night.’
    • ‘It is the animal pound's word against the neighbor's, and although I am guilty of not following the by-law, I hardly think that I deserve the heartache this has caused me.’
    • ‘The municipality will take steps to stop people adopting animals from the pound and then releasing them back on the streets.’
    • ‘Like most pounds and animal welfare groups their policy is not to re-home puppies two weeks before Christmas.’
    enclosure, compound, pen, yard
    greenyard
    pinfold
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A place where illegally parked motor vehicles removed by the police are kept until their owners pay a fine in order to reclaim them.
      • ‘At 1930 he and many other vehicles that had been stopped were escorted by police to the pound in East London, where our bakkie was impounded.’
    2. 1.2archaic A place of confinement; a trap or prison.

verb

[WITH OBJECT]archaic
  • Shut (an animal) in a pound.

Origin

Late Middle English (earlier in compounds): of uncertain origin. Early use referred to an enclosure for the detention of stray or trespassing cattle.

Pronunciation:

pound

/pound/