Main definitions of pound in English

: pound1pound2pound3

pound1

noun

  • 1A unit of weight in general use equal to 16 oz. avoirdupois (0.4536 kg).

    • ‘It could be anything, from tiny fractions of a gram to hundreds of pounds of high explosives.’
    • ‘A Gecko can support the equivalent of 90 pounds while hanging upside down.’
    • ‘At a weight of two hundred pounds, he is still nowhere near his goal, but he has already made a vast improvement.’
    • ‘A short ton is the standard U.S. ton of 2,000 pounds and measures weight.’
    • ‘Also, please keep in mind that no matter where you are, a kilogram equals 2.2 pounds.’
    • ‘Birth weight was recorded in pounds and ounces and converted into kilograms.’
    • ‘It is approved for rates of 1-3 ounces per hundred pounds of seed.’
    • ‘The average weight of workers when they left the factory was 76 pounds.’
    • ‘In cooking, ingredients are expressed in teaspoons, tablespoons, ounces, pounds, and cups.’
    • ‘The airplane was covered with a thick layer of ice that had deformed the normally efficient airfoil and added several hundred pounds of extra weight.’
    • ‘Also, no single piece of luggage should exceed 70 pounds or 32 kilos in weight.’
    • ‘Subject height was 5 feet and 3 inches and subject weight was 47 pounds and 4 ounces.’
    • ‘Each reel of film weighs about 350 pounds and is moved around with a special forklift.’
    • ‘More than 200 pounds of chilled, wet bamboo were in supply to cater to any hunger pangs.’
    • ‘The squid weighs about 550 pounds and was found in two pieces on Seven Mile Beach.’
    • ‘Medication errors in children can occur when a decimal point is misplaced in a dose, or an incorrect weight conversion from pounds to kilograms is made.’
    • ‘Distances still refer to yards or miles, weights are in pounds and ounces, and temperature readings are in Fahrenheit.’
    • ‘Thus, using this value is a bit like rounding off your own weight to the nearest hundred pounds.’
    • ‘Through weight training and cardio, I lost another 19 pounds and gained a ton of muscle.’
    • ‘Most cohort members reported their offspring's birth weights in pounds and ounces.’
    1. 1.1 A unit of weight equal to 12 oz. troy (0.3732 kg) used for precious metals.
  • 2The basic monetary unit of the UK, equal to 100 pence.

    • ‘The owner said that it had cost 85,000 British pounds which was 20,000 over his budget.’
    • ‘The dollar will continue to slide against the Euro and the Pound, reaching a low of $2 to the pound before the middle of the year (and possibly sinking further).’
    • ‘It's a curious truth that, in the middle of a multi-million pound anti-truancy drive, most of the people this campaign is aimed at simply don't know what those in authority are talking about.’
    • ‘As things stand we are looking at the euro going to $1.40 and the pound sterling being worth two dollars in the New Year.’
    • ‘The cedi dropped 12 cents against the U.S. dollar and 83 cents against the pound at the end of April.’
    • ‘Changes in exchange rates between the UK pounds sterling and the US dollar will affect the translation of the UK subsidiaries' financial results into US dollars for the purposes of reporting the consolidated financial results.’
    • ‘A post office worker has admitted stealing thousands of pounds worth of benefit payments.’
    • ‘The only exceptions to this convention are quotes in relation to the euro, the pound sterling and the Australian dollar - these three are quoted as dollars per foreign currency.’
    • ‘The data will be required to be submitted on a quarterly basis and will be in the five major currencies of the world, viz., the US dollar, the yen, the Deutsche mark, the pound sterling, and the euro.’
    • ‘Missed holidays mean that nearly four billion pounds worth of work goes unpaid across the country each year.’
    • ‘Vandals have trashed 52 shopping trolleys, causing thousands of pounds worth of damage.’
    • ‘For instance, a major reason for the damaging appreciations of the dollar and the pound sterling in the 1980s was tight monetary policy in the United States and United Kingdom respectively.’
    • ‘I want to take advantage of the relative values of the pound sterling and the Australian dollar.’
    • ‘According to analysts, sale of the company could raise several hundred million pounds.’
    • ‘A popular village event which raises thousands of pounds for charity is under threat.’
    pound sterling, £
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1
      another term for punt
    2. 2.2 The basic monetary unit of several Middle Eastern countries, equal to 100 piastres.
      • ‘He said coalition forces on the ground recovered numerous weapons, 2m Iraqi dinars and Syrian pounds, foreign passports and a satcom radio.’
      • ‘More than seven million Egyptian pounds have been spent on updating it to prepare for privatisation.’
    3. 2.3 The former basic monetary unit of Cyprus, equal to 100 cents.
    4. 2.4 The basic monetary unit of Sudan.
      • ‘The north, he said, would continue with the dinar and south Sudan would adopt the new Sudan pound.’

Phrases

  • one's pound of flesh

    • Something one is strictly or legally entitled to, but which it is ruthless or inhuman to demand.

      • ‘Despite the sport demanding its pound of flesh, financially and physically, he managed to pull his weight for four full years.’
      • ‘‘The coalition partners will demand their pound of flesh when it comes to getting the best portfolios,’ said one observer.’
      • ‘Now that these men demand their pound of flesh in increasingly raucous voices, the government at the Centre has no resort left but to acquiesce.’
      • ‘But he will still demand his monthly pound of flesh.’
      • ‘Clubs are demanding their pound of flesh and, bit by bit, are seeking to subvert the supremacy of nationalist interests.’
      • ‘I sense they feel their power and, at the worst possible moment, double the price, or demand a pound of flesh.’
      • ‘A thought for the New Year might be that they are after all money lenders and like the most famous of them, Shylock, there comes a time when they will demand their pound of flesh.’
      • ‘And they let me do this three-CD spoken-word box set without really demanding a pound of flesh in return.’
      • ‘And while the jury is aghast at some of the recent evidence, and will rightly demand its pound of flesh, it is also capable of taking a longer-term view.’
      • ‘If the city councillors decide to go ahead with demanding their pound of flesh, perhaps the central government could compensate by offering to honour its moral obligation by paying the rent on behalf of the embassies.’

Origin

Old English pund, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch pond and German Pfund, from Latin ( libra) pondo, denoting a Roman ‘pound weight’ of 12 ounces.

Pronunciation

pound

/paʊnd//pound/

Main definitions of pound in English

: pound1pound2pound3

pound2

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Strike or hit heavily and repeatedly.

    ‘Patrick pounded the couch with his fists’
    ‘U.S. gunships pounded the capital’
    no object ‘pounding on the door, she shouted at the top of her voice’
    • ‘Chassepot armed infantry easily checked their opponents, but were pounded by artillery and forced to retreat as the Germans found their flanks.’
    • ‘This city has been pounded by artillery, by air strikes, by bombardment.’
    • ‘I struck him, pounding on his chest with all my might as I continued my theatrics.’
    • ‘She could still hear the rain pounding away on the roof.’
    • ‘That was a mistake and that gave his opponent the chance to pound at his back.’
    • ‘The rain was still pounding relentlessly against the glass, tapping and slapping.’
    • ‘They awoke to find the rain pounding down on the sole window of their room.’
    • ‘The rain was pounding heavily against the windows of the apartment.’
    • ‘I frantically pounded on the door, screaming to be let out.’
    • ‘It felt as if a million nails were being pounded by a hammer.’
    • ‘The spectacular shorelines were pounded by huge waves, hammering away at the enormous rock faces.’
    • ‘However, you will be able to dispatch most of these opponents by pounding on the primary attack button whenever an enemy nears you.’
    • ‘She narrowed her eyes and turned to the door, wanting to pound whoever was out there.’
    • ‘There was a resounding thud as the golem pounded one of the steel poles into the ground less than half a foot from Tim.’
    • ‘She woke up at noon the next day feeling as if a hammer had pounded each one of her muscles.’
    • ‘The village was being pounded by volcano ejecta that have already flattened a house.’
    • ‘A boat from the killer fleet had struck the reef out past the skerries and was being pounded to pieces by the pelting waves.’
    • ‘It goes with the territory when you weigh 255 pounds and lack elusiveness and opponents have been pounding on you for three months.’
    • ‘Some of the vehicles look as though they have been pounded with a hammer.’
    • ‘She was standing right in front of the door with a giant umbrella in her hand and started pounding me with it and stabbing me with the point.’
    beat, strike, hit, batter, thump, pummel, punch, rain blows on, belabour, hammer, thrash, set on, tear into, weigh into, bang, crack, drub, welt, thwack
    beat against, crash against, batter, dash against, crack against, crack into, lash, strike, hit, buffet
    bombard, bomb, shell, blitz, strafe, torpedo, pepper, fire on, attack
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Crush or grind (something) into a powder or paste by beating it with an instrument such as a pestle.
      ‘pound the cloves with salt and pepper until smooth’
      • ‘Currently at the moment they're making cardamom, and you can hear they're pounding, so they clean it and then they pound it and then they grind it on stone, and we sell the spices with our logo on it.’
      • ‘After pounding them in a mortar, one obtains a red powder, ndimba.’
      • ‘Slowly add olive oil to loosen the paste as you pound it then add the rest of the cheese.’
      • ‘In a mortar, pound the salt, garlic and anchovies to a paste.’
      • ‘Whiz them to a powder using a spice or coffee grinder, or pound them in a pestle and mortar.’
      • ‘They may have been part of a pre-Christian religious ritual or they may have been communal property in which corn or oats was pounded or ground.’
      • ‘Using a mortar and pestle, pound the white peppercorns, cilantro roots and garlic cloves into a thick paste, adding each ingredient one at a time.’
      • ‘As the ingredients are pounded they release their fragrance; the balance of the paste can be perceived in this aroma, and is adjusted while being made.’
      • ‘These vegetables are often pounded into a thick, sticky dough or paste.’
      • ‘In Africa, fufu is made by boiling plantain, cassava, or rice, and then pounding it with a large wooden mortar and pestle.’
      • ‘She pounded the roots feverishly with mortar and pestle, mixing in a little water, and a little lamb's blood one of the women had brought to her from the courtyard.’
      • ‘Writing, which ought to nurture and give shape to thought, is instead being used to pound it into a powder and then reconstitute it into gruel.’
      • ‘Using a mortar and pestle, pound the garlic and chili pepper with olive oil to form a rough paste.’
      • ‘For example, I was trying to mash up some potatoes, and I guess I was pounding the potatoes too hard.’
      • ‘Traditionally, a mortar pestle is used to pound the coffee, but he tells me that with the passage of time, quite a few things have changed.’
      • ‘Using your pestle and mortar, you want to pound the garlic with a little pinch of salt along with the basil leaves.’
      crush, grind, pulverize, beat, mill, pestle, mash, pulp, bruise, powder, granulate
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2no object Beat, throb, or vibrate with a strong regular rhythm.
      ‘her heart was pounding’
      • ‘My heart pounded furiously in my chest, and dizziness washed over me in waves.’
      • ‘She was weak, now, even with the vampiric blood pounding through her veins.’
      • ‘He could feel the sweats in his hands, and the heartbeat pounding against his rib cage.’
      • ‘I suddenly realized that my heart was pounding and beating so fast it hurt.’
      • ‘He kicked it with his toe, his pulse pounding with excitement.’
      • ‘His heart pounded quickly, beating out a fierce tattoo in his strong chest as he walked down the paths which wound and turned into dead ends.’
      • ‘His heart began to pound loudly in his ears as the woman perused his features blankly.’
      • ‘She waited a beat, her heart pounding in her ears, then laughed again.’
      • ‘There are countless others including some recently written that would take very little to get the blood pounding and the heart throbbing.’
      • ‘He could feel the anger swelling up and beginning to pound through his veins.’
      • ‘Still moving, we drew nearer to the location and our hearts began to pound faster.’
      • ‘His feet were still pounding a maniacal staccato beat.’
      • ‘I could feel his pulse pounding in his throat.’
      • ‘The man's eyes darted open as he glanced around the room for a moment, heart pounding and hand throbbing in sympathy with the memory.’
      • ‘Rachel could feel her heart start pounding faster at the sight of his smile.’
      • ‘The voices still pounded away in his ears even though they had gone long ago.’
      • ‘As I moved cautiously back to my room, my heart never stopped pounding loudly in my ears.’
      • ‘Her heart began to race inside of her chest, pounding against her ribcage.’
      • ‘Blood pounded in her temples, her cheeks burnt with the shock of impact.’
      • ‘His throat was dry, and his head was pounding like a bass drum, but otherwise he felt ok.’
      throb, thump, thud, hammer, pulsate, pulse, pump, palpitate, race, beat heavily, go pit-a-pat, pitter-patter, vibrate, drum
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3no object Walk or run with heavy steps.
      ‘I heard him pounding along the gangway’
      • ‘Finally, he vanished from sight and she heard the sound of horses hooves rapidly pounding away.’
      • ‘They could hear him running down the corridor, feet pounding along the steps.’
      • ‘Her feet pounded down the steps, echoing through the hollow grayness of the castle.’
      • ‘The ability to think rationally flooded out of her as she heard his heavy footsteps pounding louder.’
      • ‘It is all too easy to sneak out of the apartment now, and within the space of five minutes, my footsteps are pounding along the pavement.’
      • ‘His sneakers pounded the black pavement as he bolted to the sliding glass doors.’
      • ‘Before he had time to respond the blonde was already pounding down the steps and on her way into the kitchen.’
      • ‘But running, especially pounding along on a hard surface like a road or path, can put a lot of strain on joints.’
      • ‘He footsteps pounded down the stairs and rang in my ears.’
      • ‘The soldier had regained his feet and pounded up the steps after her.’
      • ‘A few steps into the house, loud steps pounded down the stairs.’
      • ‘The sound of steps pounding on linoleum rang out, so close, so close, coming from just beyond the door, and yet she couldn't move.’
      • ‘Feet could be heard pounding down the steps to his quarters and a voice cried out, ‘Maurice!’’
      • ‘She heard steps pounded down the hallway, they were only slightly muffled by the carpet.’
      • ‘Leanne's outrage returned and she flung her mother aside, her feet pounding up the front steps.’
      • ‘Heavy footsteps pounding down the thickly carpeted steps as Ethan entered the room, one of his endless flings hanging onto his arms.’
      • ‘They heard heavy footsteps pounding on the stone steps and they saw Matilda standing in front of them with her smile at its most evil.’
      • ‘I could hear ten pairs of heavy feet pound past me as Julius yanked me up.’
      • ‘Heavy feet pounded on the packed dirt and a moment later Michael was wading into the fray.’
      • ‘Footsteps pounded the pavement behind them, and Devon gripped her hand tightly.’
      run heavily, walk heavily, stomp, lumber, clomp, clump, tramp, trudge
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4informal Defeat (an opponent) in a resounding way.
      ‘the Yankees pounded the Red Sox 22–1’
      • ‘After 40 pitches he tires, or opponents adjust and pound him.’
      • ‘He pounded him to defeat inside three rounds.’
      • ‘The Drogheda man could not put two punches together as his eager opponent came forward, crowded him and pounded him with two fisted combinations.’
      • ‘The All Whites shouldn't be constantly praised for ‘brave defeats’ when they've clearly been pounded.’
      • ‘But in April last year, he pounded him to defeat, knocking him out in the seventh round of a one-sided contest.’
      • ‘At least it lessened the surprise of his being pounded for eight runs in 4 innings, the worst start of his big-league career.’
      • ‘It was something of a massacre - Hawthorn pounded St Kilda into the ground in a major way, and I was glad to be only supporting them for today!’
      • ‘In a server market with millions of units shipped overall per quarter, it is pounding rivals into the ground with 3,178 sales.’
      • ‘Few teams have the personnel to slow down an opponent that can effectively run the break and also pound you inside.’
      beat, conquer, win against, win a victory over, triumph over, prevail over, get the better of, best, worst, vanquish
      View synonyms

Phrases

  • pound the beat

    • (of a police officer) patrol an assigned route or area.

      • ‘That means the centre evaluating a whole raft of community safety measures, such as CCTV cameras, better street lighting - and the numbers of policemen pounding the beat.’
      • ‘Paramedics are on call and police officers are pounding the beat.’
      • ‘All council tax increases were pushed up by two percentage points to pay for a £43 million plan to get 567 extra police officers pounding the beat this year.’
      • ‘He was involved in an initiative calling for senior Scotland Yard officers to pound the beat for at least four hours each month.’
      • ‘Employees pounded the beat with police officers as they blitzed householders with crime prevention advice.’
      • ‘He also called for an increase in police pounding the beat in the area, saying: ‘I think that local people want to see visible policing, with a higher profile.’’
      • ‘It is a matter of record that he, despite his seniority in the Metropolitan Police, has recently pounded the beat and personally made arrests.’
      • ‘I want to see bobbies pounding the beat around here on foot rather than driving around once or twice a night in a van.’
      • ‘In any case, the law has returned in the form of a local policeman pounding the beat (only daytime, but welcome all the same) and a traffic warden (unwelcome by one and all it would seem).’
      • ‘Four police officers were pounding the beat in a different part of London on Saturday as they zipped round the marathon course to raise over £3,000 for charity.’
  • pound the pavement

    • 1Walk the streets in an effort to accomplish something.

      ‘I will pound the pavement from city to city in order to explain the dangers’
      1. 1.1Search diligently for something, typically for a job.
        ‘although the country's current jobless rate is small, the number of people pounding the pavement has become a growing worry’
        • ‘Part of the problem is that journalism terminology glorifies ‘shoe-leather reporting,’ whereby you pound the pavement so often you wear out the soles of your shoes.’
        • ‘He pressed more flesh in five minutes than a politician pounding the pavement in search of votes on Election Day.’
        • ‘With their numbers of enlistees falling, soldiers-turned-salesmen in Reno, NV, work the phones and pound the pavement.’
        • ‘With 20% of MBA grads from this year's survey still pounding the pavement, the best-ranked programs are the ones that give students an edge during tough economic times.’
        • ‘You have to pound the pavement in search of sources, burn the candle at both ends to write engaging sentences, and worst of all, you have to read the whole blurb on the dust jacket of a book for that deep, deep background.’
        • ‘Back from Mayfair on Kensington High Street, I was once again swept up in the rhythm of this city, a relentless beat that, after a day of pounding the pavement, must take a toll on all but the young.’
        • ‘For those pounding the pavement in search of work or forced to produce more in fewer hours with little or no improvement in pay, this is all bad news.’
        • ‘On this past visit, I was really trying to make it a permanent home, as I was pounding the pavement for jobs in financial news.’
        • ‘While you were out pounding the pavement, I was booking a special day for us.’
        • ‘For the first time, I can see the different types of people pounding the pavement, and different cultures competing for attention.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • pound something out

    • 1Type something with heavy keystrokes.

      ‘an old typewriter on which she pounded out her poems’
      • ‘They are standing by the story, saying it's possible the documents were pounded out on a typewriter.’
      • ‘Written by a former Marine Corporal in 1987 when stationed in Washington D.C., it was pounded out on a typewriter while awaiting the commanding officer's Christmas holiday decoration inspection.’
      1. 1.1Produce music by striking an instrument heavily and repeatedly.
        ‘the women pounded out a ringing tattoo on several oil drums’
        • ‘It was a great way to kick off the night; they really pounded the beats out.’
        • ‘Hawkins pounds the rhythms out mercilessly, all the while fuzzed-out guitars storm the ear canals of the listener.’
        • ‘They are made by pounding the basic notes out of the surface of steel drums used to transport oil.’
        • ‘It closes the album proper on a more downbeat trip and still pounds it out before the end.’

Origin

Old English pūnian; related to Dutch puin, Low German pün ‘(building) rubbish’.

Pronunciation

pound

/paʊnd//pound/

Main definitions of pound in English

: pound1pound2pound3

pound3

noun

  • 1A place where stray animals, especially dogs, may be officially taken and kept until claimed by their owners or otherwise disposed of.

    • ‘The municipality will take steps to stop people adopting animals from the pound and then releasing them back on the streets.’
    • ‘They were dogs that had not the karma of household pets, or strays at the pound, but that of the seekers of ecumenical truth.’
    • ‘I couldn't put other people's animals in the pound.’
    • ‘Aided by a donkey sanctuary welfare officer, he followed a trail that led him to animal pounds and fields in remote areas in the black of night.’
    • ‘He appealed to owners to take responsibility for their unwanted pets by phoning the dog warden or by dropping the animal to their local pound or animal sanctuary.’
    • ‘Like most pounds and animal welfare groups their policy is not to re-home puppies two weeks before Christmas.’
    • ‘It is the animal pound's word against the neighbor's, and although I am guilty of not following the by-law, I hardly think that I deserve the heartache this has caused me.’
    • ‘Anyone who has a problem with stray dogs can contact the County Dog Warden who will arrange to have the dog brought to an animal pound.’
    enclosure, compound, pen, yard
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A place where illegally parked motor vehicles removed by the police are kept until their owners pay a fine in order to reclaim them.
      • ‘At 1930 he and many other vehicles that had been stopped were escorted by police to the pound in East London, where our bakkie was impounded.’
    2. 1.2archaic A place of confinement; a trap or prison.

verb

[WITH OBJECT]archaic
  • Shut (an animal) in a pound.

Origin

Late Middle English (earlier in compounds): of uncertain origin. Early use referred to an enclosure for the detention of stray or trespassing cattle.

Pronunciation

pound

/paʊnd//pound/