Definition of potential energy in English:

potential energy


  • The energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position relative to others, stresses within itself, electric charge, and other factors.

    Compare with kinetic energy
    • ‘Ah, the joys of watching gravitational potential energy convert into kinetic energy.’
    • ‘He criticised Descartes' ideas of mechanics and examined what are effectively kinetic energy, potential energy and momentum.’
    • ‘The energy flow resulting from transforming kinetic energy into potential energy is heat.’
    • ‘The molecules convert their kinetic energy into potential energy when they rise into the air just like the ball did.’
    • ‘The gravitation force actually converts potential energy into mass by forcing protons and electrons to combine into neutrons.’