One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Occurring or done after the event, especially with reference to the fallacious assumption that the occurrence in question has a logical relationship with the event it follows.‘a post hoc justification for the changes’
- ‘The above news reports mislead many readers into interpreting correlation as cause; post hoc as propter hoc; speculation as facts.’
- ‘Thus, post hoc tests, such as linear contrasts, template correlations, and pairwise comparisons are used.’
- ‘The results of my study were negative, and the journal reviewer insists that I perform a post hoc power calculation.’
After the event.
post hoc, ergo propter hoc
After this, therefore resulting from it: used to indicate that a causal relationship has erroneously been assumed from a merely sequential one.
- ‘When I say that post hoc ergo propter hoc is my favorite fallacy, I mean two things: first, I am a nerd, and second, I love that this simple phrase diagnoses so many logical and scientific missteps.’
- ‘The fallacy of Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc occurs when something is assumed to be the cause of an event merely because it happened before that event.’
- ‘The relevant fallacy is post hoc ergo propter hoc.’
Latin, literally ‘after this’.
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