Definition of poison in English:

poison

noun

  • 1A substance that is capable of causing the illness or death of a living organism when introduced or absorbed.

    • ‘Nicotine is a strong, fast acting poison and it is usually applied as a 0.5% solution in water.’
    • ‘The green color comes from copper sulphate, a common agricultural poison.’
    • ‘Because of ‘chemical drift’ those poisons are carried by the wind into towns and cities.’
    • ‘There are ways to achieve that sense of the base, the infected, the elemental without necessarily introducing poisons into the environment!’
    • ‘The news came as police charged four North African men with terrorism offences following a raid on a flat in London last Sunday which uncovered a quantity of the deadly poison, ricin.’
    • ‘Had I access to a dram of poison, I would have greedily swallowed it.’
    • ‘The assumption is that we need professional help to rid our rotten bodies of all the poisons and harmful chemicals accumulated during the season of overindulgence.’
    • ‘Homeowners should install a good carbon monoxide detector to make sure none of this deadly poison is present in their homes.’
    • ‘He argues that there are dangers in natural foods too, which balance the dangers caused by artificial chemical poisons.’
    • ‘Having served on the staff of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for 16 years, she was well aware of government's role in promoting and defending chemical poisons.’
    • ‘Second-hand smoke contains about 4,000 chemicals, 200 poisons, and over 40 cancer-causing compounds.’
    • ‘As we've discussed here not long ago, the dilution of the deadly poison is such that I can chug down any amount of homeopathic water and not notice it at all.’
    • ‘The idea of using ‘friendly’ bacteria to combat poisons has been around for a number of years and is already used in animals such as pigs and chickens.’
    • ‘Now they will try to discover if someone has been putting poison down to reduce the rabbit population.’
    • ‘Local residents see a clear connection between children's illnesses and the poisons that permeate their neighborhood.’
    • ‘It's arguably the most deadly poison in the world.’
    • ‘Modern chemical pesticides are poisons, developed during the second world war, and are used worldwide in agriculture.’
    • ‘A small amount of the material recovered from the Wood Green premises has tested positive for the presence of ricin poison.’
    • ‘Only a fool, a joker or a someone attempting suicide will knowingly swallow poison if it is known to be deadly.’
    • ‘Trees could be engineered to grow in polluted landfills and absorb poisons, or even be designed to capture more carbon dioxide, diminishing global warming.’
    toxin, venom
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    1. 1.1Chemistry A substance that reduces the activity of a catalyst.
    2. 1.2Physics An additive or impurity in a nuclear reactor that slows a reaction by absorbing neutrons.
    3. 1.3 A person, idea, action, or situation that is considered to have a destructive or corrupting effect or influence.
      ‘meanwhile he is spreading his poison over the Internet’
      • ‘Bradford's Tory council let them book a public room to spread their racist poison.’
      • ‘This is a poison spreading through the body politic of the country.’
      • ‘An important reason for this is that those who spread the poison of hatred and brutality have not been reined in during the last fifty years or so.’
      • ‘It takes no time at all for them to spread their poison and to implicate others in what they have done, if only by coverup.’
      • ‘Today, I think the rhetoric coming from the right wing media is the toxic poison that is spreading this culture war into our body politic so quickly.’
      • ‘Keynes' dream to overthrow the classical order of Adam Smith was greatly influenced by Marx's poison.’
      • ‘Our silence for long years has encouraged Holocaust deniers, revisionists, baiters and haters to spread their poison.’
      • ‘Philip III is even described as a Catholic Galen, charged with the task of purging the poison and corruption of heresy from the mystical body of Christian Spain.’
      • ‘In some cases, of course, they are the same people spreading this poison.’
      • ‘We share their concern and resolve to work together to eliminate the monster of fascism injecting and spreading the poison of hate in our society, our country.’
      • ‘By the time he returned to Siler City, however, the poison spread by his original letter was already growing more toxic.’
      • ‘I've gotta ban that woman from the Net before her poison spreads to everyone!’
      • ‘In this story, Florida itself has been ‘closed,’ the poison of the space program having corrupted the entire state.’
      • ‘Would the act required of Hamlet, fulfilled, not spread the poison further?’
      • ‘The poison spread by the BNP will make everyone's lives worse.’
      • ‘Stupid laws contaminate those charged with enforcing them at the first level and then become exponentially more costly as their poison spreads through other layers of the economy.’
      • ‘When he first became Director of the Court New Zealand plays were ‘box office poison’.’
      • ‘The hearings helped purge the poison from the American body politic.’
      • ‘He does not have the means to spread his poison beyond the confines of this small country.’
      • ‘What's particularly insidious about deflation is that output doesn't necessarily have to contract for its poison to spread through the economy.’
      malice, maliciousness, ill will, hate, malevolence, malignity, malignancy, balefulness, embitterment, embitteredness, spite, spitefulness, venom, acrimony, acrimoniousness, rancour
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Administer poison to (a person or animal), either deliberately or accidentally.

    ‘someone had tried to poison me’
    ‘symptoms of poisoning may include nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting’
    ‘swans are being poisoned by lead from anglers' lines’
    • ‘However, preliminary results indicate that the dogs were poisoned.’
    • ‘Fears that someone could have been poisoning the rabbits have prompted the investigation after visitors spotted bodies lying about on the ground.’
    • ‘He poisoned his wife in January of that year and was eventually caught on an ocean liner to Canada in the July, becoming the first man to be caught using radio.’
    • ‘That law will remain in force, only now your duty will be to shoot or poison the fox.’
    • ‘Calgary's other local short is Breakfast In Bed by Christopher Hutchens, a bizarre story of a husband who poisons his wife - with a twist.’
    • ‘The real ones are far worse but I dare not mention them lest their owners or fans of the owners come around one night and burn my house down or poison my dog.’
    • ‘A north Cotswold couple are warning pet owners of the dangers of using slug pellets in their gardens after their dog was poisoned.’
    • ‘It was written and signed in June 1910 five months after he poisoned his wife.’
    • ‘A scientist who served seven years in prison for trying to poison his wife has secured a job teaching ethics, university officials said today.’
    • ‘I knew this and felt guilty about poisoning people with the nicotine.’
    • ‘Remember when they poisoned rabbits, it was horrible.’
    • ‘The dogs were poisoned as they sniffed their way along the beach and disturbed the creature.’
    • ‘Towards the end, as he's dying of an undefined illness, we realize he picks up chicks by poisoning their pets but acting so super nice and stuff.’
    • ‘The snake's venom poisoned the wolf and raven's blood.’
    • ‘Before that two chital or spotted deer were poisoned.’
    • ‘Even dirty bombs are a myth, such devices, even if they could be made, would be unlikely to deliver enough radiation to poison one person.’
    • ‘One neighbourhood solved the problem by systematically poisoning the stray dogs with pesticides.’
    • ‘He tried to poison us like lower animals, like the mice that pester storybook villages, the insects that fly around the heads of those that I read about.’
    • ‘In 1993, he got himself into bother after poisoning the vet's dog.’
    • ‘When more conventional means to control them fails, he devises an elaborate revenge which culminates in his poisoning the dogs.’
    administer poison to, give poison to
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    1. 1.1 Adulterate or contaminate (food or drink) with poison.
      • ‘On the Australian mainland, they killed them by giving them poisoned food and clothing contaminated by diseases they had never before experienced.’
      • ‘There are of course chemicals that can be bad if their containers not properly disposed of and there is therefore a risk of contaminating groundwater or poisoning the environment.’
      • ‘When they are finished, my crockery and glassware are shattered, my kitchen shelves and cupboards are broken, the food in my pantry is poisoned, and even my house is wrecked.’
      • ‘Now, the evidence that I have put to this Court is a complaint to the Commissioner of Police with an analysis from the government department showing that my food had been poisoned.’
      • ‘The supervisor, obviously worried about all the complaints, announced to the horrified children that the food might be poisoned.’
      • ‘Police in India are investigating the death of a Bradford businessman's father after he ate poisoned sweets on a train.’
      • ‘In other cases, they will eat an egg or pheasant which has been poisoned and put out as bait.’
      • ‘Would any other industry be allowed to get away with selling contaminated and poisoned products to consumers and then blame them if they get sick?’
      • ‘Barons and lords glanced furtively at each other from down the table, ladies and nobles picked disinterestedly at their food as if suspecting it had been poisoned.’
      • ‘Society is confronted daily with the anti-human nature of large-scale capitalist farming, which pollutes the environment and poisons the food supply.’
      • ‘A North Yorkshire training company has been chosen to act as a safeguard against terrorists trying to poison the food chain.’
      • ‘If a barrel of apples contains just one poisoned apple, and you cannot tell outwardly which apple is the poisoned one, you must toss out the entire barrelful.’
      • ‘Witness how eagerly we accept the idea that our food is being poisoned by the suspect motivations and carelessness of industry, government and science.’
      • ‘In June 2002, following threats that their food would be poisoned, the men were unable to eat for a period of seven days.’
      • ‘I thought for a moment as to whether to eat the food, in case it was poisoned.’
      • ‘Michael never cooked, and if he did, the food would probably be poisoned.’
      • ‘Scary reports are all over the media here in southern California about some nutball who poisoned some baby food.’
      • ‘Anyone could walk in at any time and release a bio-agent that would spread from the chickens to humans, thus poisoning the food supply for who knows how many people.’
      • ‘The soul stirs and this awakening then initiates karma or action; a seed is sown for some future effect, for some future fruit, be that a sweet apple or one that is poisoned.’
      • ‘It's chilling to consider that he felt the world to be so hostile that he believed his food was being poisoned and so stopped eating and so starved to death.’
      contaminate, put poison in, adulterate, tamper with, spike, lace, doctor
      pollute, contaminate, taint, foul, befoul, dirty, blight, spoil
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    2. 1.2usually as adjective poisoned Treat (a weapon or missile) with poison in order to augment its lethal effect.
      • ‘He was focusing more on the men who were standing behind Aric, about to shoot poisoned arrows, no less, at the king.’
      • ‘That was easy, only three hundred poisoned darts were aimed at the traveler as he passed.’
      • ‘I learned how to poison arrows, and how to set explosives in them.’
      • ‘Duke Kingston developed a fever on their way back to the castle, and they soon figured out that the arrows had been poisoned.’
      • ‘These they hunt with blowpipes made from hardwood, from which they can shoot poisoned darts great distances with amazing accuracy.’
      • ‘I was especially wary of them this time, now that I knew their swords were poisoned, and dodged them as they attempted to advance on me.’
      • ‘But if someone made the effort to poison the arrow, it probably isn't a very good sign.’
      • ‘The Sultan's army was primarily light cavalry armed with crossbows that shot poisoned arrows.’
      • ‘Shamans say its very breath has power, and that the sound it utters when it gasps can send poisoned darts flying, as from a blowgun.’
      • ‘This plan calls for Hamlet and Laertes to have a mock sword fight, but Laertes will be using a real poisoned sword.’
      • ‘During the rigged tournament, Claudius and Laertes give Hamlet a blunted sword while Laertes' weapon is sharpened and poisoned.’
      • ‘But this is still not all there is in combat, as you can poison your weapons or arrows to do even more damage.’
    3. 1.3 Prove harmful or destructive to.
      ‘his disgust had poisoned his attitude toward everyone’
      • ‘The bombings poisoned the political atmosphere and deepened the social divide’
      • ‘And, if your opponent is indeed guilty of abusing those around him: It won't be long before he fatally poisons his campaign with destructive behavior.’
      • ‘But I simply cannot remain silent and sit here and listen when a party that is trying to attain power at any cost poisons the relationship between the two peoples of this country.’
      • ‘What I think it will do is poison the atmosphere in the American scientific and academic community in a way which is absolutely unconscionable.’
      • ‘I believe their parents are definitely opposed to their daughters' stance, and may possibly be ready to sue the producer for poisoning the social atmosphere.’
      • ‘This assumption is the opposite of the odium theologicum that too often poisons the atmosphere of the church.’
      • ‘The sizeable coaching staff is just one complaint on the list of gripes which is steadily poisoning the atmosphere in Dunfermline these days and fans would be in uproar if yet more back-up was employed.’
      • ‘The city's protection of ‘the prefab block’ over private housing is poisoning the atmosphere and becoming a political mood killer.’
      • ‘I don't pretend to be able to explain the bizarre political attitudes now poisoning much of Europe.’
      • ‘In any case most observers believed the atmosphere was so poisoned that any ceasefire would be as meaningless as those which preceded it.’
      • ‘Several former employees complained she could be imperious and unpleasant, which they say poisoned the work atmosphere.’
      • ‘Just the perception of unfairness is often enough to poison the atmosphere.’
      • ‘Their bitterness poisons their attitude and their outlook on life.’
      • ‘A massive management reshuffle followed the scandal and while the changes poisoned the atmosphere, the newsroom was not tamed.’
      • ‘We sorted it out, but it poisoned the atmosphere.’
      • ‘The delays are poisoning the political atmosphere and daily making the prospects more and more dispiriting.’
      • ‘I can feel the evil being moving closer and poisoning the atmosphere.’
      • ‘That's definitely poisoning the atmosphere on both sides.’
      • ‘It is not just adverse events that can poison a positive working atmosphere.’
      • ‘If getting to young people before attitudes are irredeemably poisoned is the key, then All Saints, the area's secondary school, seemed to be providing a model.’
      prejudice, bias, jaundice, colour, embitter, sour, envenom, warp, corrupt, subvert
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    4. 1.4Chemistry (of a substance) reduce the activity of (a catalyst)
      • ‘The cells worked well initially, but any traces of carbon monoxide in the hydrogen fuel quickly poisoned the catalyst.’
      • ‘It also poisons the enzyme which converts thyroxine to the more metabolically active T3 hormone.’
      • ‘The catalysts are easily poisoned by lead, however, which clogs their reactive surfaces.’
      • ‘And that soaks into tissue very readily, with the acid part doing its damage along the way, and the fluoride merrily poisoning enzymes and wreaking havoc.’

Phrases

  • what's your poison?

    • informal Used to ask someone what they would like to drink.

Origin

Middle English (denoting a harmful medicinal draft): from Old French poison ‘magic potion’, from Latin potio(n-) ‘potion’, related to potare ‘to drink’.

Pronunciation

poison

/ˈpoiz(ə)n//ˈpɔɪz(ə)n/