Definition of pluralism in US English:



  • 1A condition or system in which two or more states, groups, principles, sources of authority, etc., coexist.

    • ‘Perhaps the most evident aspect of post-modernism when some attempt to apply it to Christianity is the emphasis on this cultural pluralism as the defining principle of faith in practice.’
    • ‘Yet religious pluralism is unavoidable because of the ineffability or complexity of God.’
    • ‘Yesterday's decision also undermines one of the public school system's most important functions: teaching democracy and pluralism.’
    • ‘Modern societies are said to be characterized by deep diversity and cultural pluralism.’
    • ‘The crisis raises serious questions of the ethics of democratic co-existence and religious pluralism vis-a-vis the state.’
    • ‘Postmodernist beliefs therefore tend to a multiculturalist pluralism and relativism.’
    • ‘We live in the days of pluralism, when all faiths and religions are of equal worth.’
    • ‘Instead, pluralism sees many minorities vying with one another in different policy areas.’
    • ‘Traditionally, of course, pluralism in religious matters was deemed a sign of impiety and indifference to God's truth.’
    • ‘From this standpoint, religion is a good thing as long as it embraces pluralism and tolerates moral ambiguity, but intense and exclusive forms of religion are a menace to the free society.’
    • ‘Second is the value and strength of pluralism, based on a concept of legitimate difference.’
    • ‘"Our society has shifted so much toward pluralism in terms of politics, culture and religion among other things that we cannot know what the truth is.’
    • ‘Tribal governments are, very often, collectivist in their economics, allowing little space for internal pluralism of news media or business enterprises.’
    • ‘Genuine respect for ‘otherness’ entails much more than modern religious pluralism can deliver.’
    • ‘It's a university which is committed to pluralism, a university in which you've got Arab and Jewish students, a university which is committed to the pursuit of peace.’
    • ‘There is also a growing freedom of expression, pluralism and a free press which is much wider than it was a few years ago.’
    • ‘Social pluralism requires us to recognize all affected stakeholder interests, especially the interests of those whose welfare is at risk.’
    • ‘One thing is on the side of pluralism, however-the country's longstanding constitutional principles that affirm equality and social justice for all.’
    • ‘Other religious groups representing Christians, Hindus, and Buddhists, had also raised similar concerns, saying the existing article protects pluralism in Indonesia.’
    • ‘Even discussing theology and religion is a new phenomenon that emerged only in the conditions of religious pluralism.’
    1. 1.1 A political theory or system of power-sharing among a number of political parties.
      • ‘We want to allow political pluralism, but when we adopt a program, we want our members to rally behind it.’
      • ‘Political pluralism also tends to exercise some moderation or restraint on unbridled nationalism.’
      • ‘Also it was argued that state funding of parties would promote political pluralism.’
      • ‘What our children should learn from the study of history is the importance of institutions that sustain the principles of human rights, the rule of law, and political pluralism.’
      • ‘The exclusion of such parties from our electoral system undermines our claim to political pluralism.’
      • ‘Jones also underlines the importance of political pluralism, the rule of law (equality before the law) and a free press for sustained intensive growth.’
      • ‘The ideal of national unity informed political speech, but the diversity of populations called for guarantees of political pluralism and for economic integration.’
      • ‘The mushrooming of political parties, syndicates, and newspapers signals a nascent political pluralism upon which democracy can be built.’
      • ‘Of course, all of this is addressed in the broader context of religious pluralism in the American political system.’
      • ‘We have a story of freedom, pluralism and a dynamic economy that is worth telling.’
      • ‘If it becomes a democracy and political pluralism would flourish, the economy would flourish in the region, and then we can go about having regional peace and stability.’
      • ‘‘I already proposed that the they should revert to the coalition principle of four or five parties where pluralism is clearly felt,’ he said.’
      • ‘Yet, given more time, the halting experiment with political pluralism might have evolved in a more positive direction.’
      • ‘Influenced by emerging national movements and demands for political pluralism, Slovenia held its first party elections in 1990.’
      • ‘Everyone wants democracy, respect of human rights, political pluralism, freedom of the press, and a general amnesty to be issued.’
      • ‘Politically, civil society relies on the separation of powers, political pluralism and public access to state and public affairs.’
    2. 1.2 A theory or system of devolution and autonomy for individual bodies in preference to monolithic state control.
      • ‘I admire the pluralism of postmodern cities that arises from the personal autonomy that comes with privatized beliefs-but that is not possible and will not be possible for most of the world.’
      • ‘The old liberal pluralism holds that each of us has rights as an individual: this is the idea that has animated social progress for generations.’
      • ‘He preached pluralism, by which he meant the autonomy of organizations such as broadcasting bodies, parties, and trade unions, while affirming the need for a strong centralized state.’
    3. 1.3 A form of society in which the members of minority groups maintain their independent cultural traditions.
    4. 1.4Philosophy A theory or system that recognizes more than one ultimate principle.
      Compare with monism
      • ‘The major finding was the desire for methodological pluralism, even among mainstream faculty.’
      • ‘Philosophically, pluralism rests on the assumption that ultimate reality is many, multiple, that is, more than one or two.’
      • ‘Both suggest the need for pluralism - recognizing the diverse knowledges and interests involved.’
      • ‘Philosophical pluralism is the rejection of truth for it reckons that every opinion, standard and value is relative, and men must not criticise anyone else's morality or religion.’
      • ‘Pluralism is a competency, not just mere subjective relativism, but ethical pluralism.’
  • 2The practice of holding more than one office or church benefice at a time.

    • ‘On the other hand, politicians have been markedly reluctant to reduce pluralism in office holding, which is largely responsible for establishing them as a caste.’