Definition of plum in English:

plum

noun

  • 1An oval fleshy fruit that is purple, reddish, or yellow when ripe and contains a flattish pointed pit.

    • ‘Brown rot can affect plums and other stone fruits.’
    • ‘And not just any old plums, but ripe, juicy plums all the better to fill the bellies of the most needy.’
    • ‘The wasps are eating all the ripe plums that we didn't get around to picking over the weekend.’
    • ‘As she got close she realized that the fruits that hung from the heavy lush branches were small and purple, like a plum.’
    • ‘It is these peaches, apricots, cherries, plums, nectarines, citrus fruits and figs that once again fill the Orchard House with their heady scent.’
    • ‘Ripe plums make excellent snacks, and because they're also high in fibre, teaming them with a slice of cheese will limit the amount of saturated fat that your body absorbs.’
    • ‘Stone fruit includes plums, peaches, nectarines and cherries - all those delicious things that we import from other parts of the country around Christmas time.’
    • ‘Rinse and stone the plums, removing any stalks as you go.’
    • ‘You prepare breakfast - a gourmet feast of hearty muesli, Bulgarian yoghurt, freshly collected wild berries, ripe plums and cherries - perfect energy food, nutritious and tasty.’
    • ‘Figs, plums, pears, apples, peaches and other fruits were grown there.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, stone the plums and cut each in quarters.’
    • ‘Quarter each plum and place plums and their stones in a large preserving pan with lemon juice.’
    • ‘At that time it grew a very different range of crops ranging from soft fruit, apples, plums and pears, to onions and leeks - the usual vegetables of the time.’
    • ‘If they are very lucky there may be some fruit, wild plums or a crab apple.’
    • ‘He would discover in his own way the lacy texture of a cantaloupe or the dusky purple of a ripe plum.’
    • ‘Well, why not pip along to The Orchard in Bishopthorpe for a squeeze of some lovely luscious plums, pears, apples and soft fruits.’
    • ‘Halve the plums, remove the stones, then slice each half into four or six wedges, depending on their thickness.’
    • ‘You could also make it with apples, pears, or even stone fruit such as plums or apricots.’
    • ‘This recipe works with a variety of fruit: apples, apricots, plums… Here, I used 6 small pears (of three different kinds).’
    • ‘After six I don't eat anything except fruit - plums, dried dates, mangoes or grapes.’
  • 2The deciduous tree that bears the plum.

    • ‘Nothing like standing under the plum tree in the cool of the morning and having a couple of sweet ones for breakfast.’
    • ‘Each year local people by tradition go to view plum blossoms in early spring.’
    • ‘There is a plum tree right outside the front door to Ryan's basement suite, so just prior to departure Moses climbed the tree in order to lob the fruit down to me.’
    • ‘Spring flowering trees such as flowering cherries, plums and apricots should not be pruned during winter, otherwise you will cut off many of the flowers.’
    • ‘Spring was finally feeling about him and the plum tree was blooming, buds of white and lavender and pink sprawling out in pastel against the blue of the sky.’
    • ‘If you have space in your yard, do plant a plum tree - your family will thank you for it.’
    • ‘There are lots of plums on the plum tree, funnily enough, even though the leaves curled up and fell off a long time ago.’
    • ‘Everard sat silently against the plum tree, his favorite tree, his favorite spot in all of Dustin Manor's expansive grounds.’
    • ‘There was a huge plum tree in my yard and we would climb it en masse and fill buckets (I swear this is true).’
    • ‘Varieties of pear, sweet cherry and plum are known to be self-pollinating.’
    • ‘The plum tree in our garden is covered in blossom, as are the trees outside my office window.’
    • ‘‘He is looking after a few bushes and shrubs and has even placed a circle of white stones around a small plum tree,’ he added.’
    • ‘It is manicured and contains mature planting, a lawn and a plum tree.’
    • ‘White and red are the two major colours of plum flowers.’
    • ‘The trail is embraced by a canopy of plums and mango trees laden with soon to be ripe fruit.’
    • ‘Apple, pear, plum and cherry trees shadow the hard tennis court which has full perimeter fencing entwined with climbing roses and clematis.’
  • 3A reddish-purple color.

    [as modifier] ‘a plum blazer’
    • ‘Dark berry colours will also be very popular; plum, aubergine, dark raspberry and even chocolate colours.’
    • ‘It had cream painted walls with the odd panel of dark plum red colour, and huge canvases of gold paintings.’
    • ‘Moving the stack, she finds a cute little top in her favorite colour, plum purple.’
    • ‘Leaves can be green or patterned, often with red-tinged undersides or spotted with deep plum.’
    • ‘The title glows in fucshia, lime and plum against a black background.’
    • ‘She had sweet green eyes that went surprisingly well with her plum purple hair.’
    • ‘The basic palette comprises green, white and every shade of red from pale pink to deep plum.’
    • ‘I hastily pulled its deep plum colored wool around my shoulders and clasped it as I ran down the stairs.’
    • ‘It had been transformed to be quite crooked and swelled, painted in a vibrant deep plum and green.’
    • ‘If you've got the time, or the inclination, layer on a single stroke of eye shadow in sheer shades of lavender, iridescent plum, taupe or bronzy brown.’
    • ‘Because these plants are seed grown, the flower colour ranges from white to deep plum, lavender and blush, some spotted, others speckled or plain.’
    • ‘The colours are more autumnal, shades of plum and mahogany rather than Mediterranean.’
    • ‘You'll find plenty of ties in juicy shades such as berry and plum.’
    • ‘It has deep, plum walls, floral candelabras and a narrow bench laden with plump cushions.’
    • ‘It was an incredible show full of optimism, seen best in the romantically nostalgic jersey dresses and flared-trouser suits in deep, warm colours such as blueberry and plum.’
    • ‘They are grown for the beautiful colours of their foliage: lemony green, pink, plum, cerise, chocolate, russet and flame.’
    • ‘Modern hybrids come in every colour from white and apricot to deep plum.’
  • 4informal [usually as modifier] A highly desirable attainment, accomplishment, or acquisition, typically a job.

    ‘he landed a plum assistant producer's job’
    • ‘Today's lucky hard-up is a sales executive from Surrey who has to be the biggest plum in the south-east.’
    • ‘Health care is by far the richest potential plum amongst Canada's remaining public services.’
    • ‘Kinder was offered the plum position directly by the White House.’
    • ‘After so long in opposition, Cook was delighted with such a plum position but despite his undoubted political acumen he came to be regarded as no more than an indifferent performer.’
    • ‘He favors free trade and giving firms from donor nations the first crack at plum investments.’
    • ‘Landing those plum international assignments, however, is harder than ever.’
    • ‘They are certainly in line to be handed the plum positions.’
    • ‘IT'S HEARTENING TO LEARN ABOUT choreographers who snag a plum full-time job at a college or university.’
    • ‘He's still waiting for the big plum role that will make him a household name.’
    • ‘Throughout that era, territory was the most coveted of resources, the plum prize in any power struggle, the mark of distinction between the victors and the defeated.’
    • ‘Meanwhile why don't ask Muslim ministers who have been given plum posts in the coalition government to do something for the community.’
    • ‘You can get them in a room and threaten them with regulations, you can offer the executives cushy positions on the board of crown enterprises or other plum jobs, or you can just have the unions attack them.’
    • ‘The private sector was miles ahead when the idea was first launched and got itself some amazing plum deals.’
    • ‘If he wants to reclaim the front page photo spot his best move might be to offer her a plum diplomatic post a long way from home.’
    • ‘Julia Haworth took acting lessons to combat shyness… and went on to land a plum role in the nation's favourite TV soap.’
    • ‘There may be a lot more women working - 70% of British women, in fact - but they generally earn less than men and rarely get the plum jobs.’
    • ‘If you're a foreign correspondent, you've got a plum assignment and you've learned how to play the game.’
    • ‘Cuper knows he will land a plum job, one with near unlimited funds, where winning silverware will be comparatively simple.’
    • ‘If I knew I was handed an academic plum I should have worked for just because I whined to the right people, I don't think I could sleep as soundly at night.’
    excellent, very good, wonderful, marvellous, choice, best, prize, first-class
    great, terrific, cushy
    plummy
    View synonyms

adverb

US
  • ‘the helicopter crashed plum on the cabins’
    variant spelling of plumb
    • ‘I guess somewhere between running between the kid on ECMO and trying to draw blood from an arm the size of my index finger, I just plum forgot about it.’
    • ‘My mental status, right now, sometimes I feel like I have just plum lost it, really.’
    • ‘Using that event of history for the surroundings you now throw your characters plum in the middle of it all and watch them go.’
    • ‘I got so lost in trying to guess what every feather and coloured band on his body denoted that I plum missed the camp being set up, and nearly didn't notice Doc on his way back over.’
    • ‘This time they were plum out of luck and beaten by a high octane-fuelled side who certainly saved their best wine until last.’
    • ‘No other boat reached a final, and the eight, defending Olympic champions, came plum last.’
    • ‘Both were meant to show cutting-edge technology, but now they are extremely campy, outdated relics of yesteryear and just a plum bad idea.’
    • ‘And it appears that I'm plum out of ice cream (although for some strange reason, I have several boxes of cones).’
    • ‘Greg and I plum forgot to back things up just in case.’
    • ‘And the panels are made in a factory environment, so everything is square, precise, plum and all that.’

Origin

Old English plūme, from medieval Latin pruna, from Latin prunum (see prune).

Pronunciation:

plum

/pləm/