(23–79), Roman statesman and scholar; Latin name Gaius Plinius Secundus; known as Pliny the Elder. His "Natural History" (77) is a vast encyclopedia of the natural and human worlds. He died while observing the eruption of Vesuvius.
(c.61–c.112), Roman senator and writer; nephew of Pliny the Elder; Latin name Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus; known as Pliny the Younger. He is noted for his books of letters that deal with both public and private affairs and that include a description of the eruption of Vesuvius in 79.