Inflammation of the pleurae, which impairs their lubricating function and causes pain when breathing. It is caused by pneumonia and other diseases of the chest or abdomen.
- ‘The sole patient with benign pleural disease showing a mediastinal pleural involvement on MRI was identified pathologically as tuberculous pleurisy.’
- ‘Most cases are asymptomatic, but some present with hemoptysis, cough, chest pain, dyspnea, and pleurisy.’
- ‘In 1859, when she was staying at her grandparents' home, Lotty became ill with bronchitis and pleurisy, diseases which seem to have affected her for the rest of her life.’
- ‘He learned to recognize pneumonia, bronchiectasis, pleurisy, emphysema, pneumothorax, phthisis, and other lung diseases from the sounds he heard with his stethoscope.’
- ‘I accept her evidence that recurring pneumonia and pleurisy and an arthritic condition significantly interfered with that effort in the spring of 2002.’
Late Middle English: from Old French pleurisie, from late Latin pleurisis, alteration of earlier Latin pleuritis, from Greek pleura ‘side of the body, rib’.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.