Definition of plaster in English:

plaster

noun

  • 1A soft mixture of lime with sand or cement and water for spreading on walls, ceilings, or other structures to form a smooth hard surface when dried.

    • ‘The pale green plaster fireplace wall of the master bedroom includes niches for books and artwork.’
    • ‘In addition to a softer color, color washing can accentuate the texture of your plaster or stucco walls.’
    • ‘Joists are the framing members in the ceiling that the plaster or drywall is attached to.’
    • ‘The floor is wood, the ceiling is gypsum board, and the walls are part plaster on masonry and part gypsum board on randomly spaced framing.’
    • ‘Drywall can be used to cover conventional bare stud walls or damaged lath and plaster walls.’
    • ‘Since you mentioned that your walls are plaster as opposed to drywall, this makes things a little easier.’
    • ‘Wall materials such as stucco, cement, brick, plaster, stone, and block are most resistant to high temperatures.’
    • ‘To make such a rectangular and austere space appropriate for music, walls are treated with acoustic plaster and ceilings are absorbent too.’
    • ‘If you are nailing over a lath and plaster ceiling, longer nails may be needed.’
    • ‘Ceiling medallions over 20 inches in diameter and all plaster ceiling medallions require mechanical fastening.’
    • ‘Gouges or holes in the walls must be repaired with wall board compound, spackle, or patching plaster.’
    • ‘Across the hall is a spacious drawing room with a large bay window, ornate marble fireplace, decorative plaster coving and ceiling rose.’
    • ‘The storage room has exposed brick and plaster walls, a stone floor and an unusual ox's harness chandelier.’
    • ‘Mineral fiber tile ceilings have replaced plaster and wallboard ceilings.’
    • ‘Both rooms have been stylishly decorated to highlight period features such as marble fireplaces and decorative plaster ceilings.’
    • ‘The nature of their decoration, whether by painted plaster on walls or ceilings, or by tessellated and mosaic floors, compares well with that from the countryside.’
    • ‘With its high ceiling and original ornamental plaster coving, marble fireplace, vast mirror and chandelier, it could be the set for a period drama.’
    • ‘Cracks gaped in building walls, and chunks of plaster fell from ceilings.’
    • ‘The only function of plaster on walls and ceilings, unless it is itself elaborately decorative, is to serve as a smooth surface on which to place decorative paper or paint.’
    • ‘This demolition exposed ‘stripes’ of structure throughout the existing plaster walls and ceilings.’
    plasterwork, stucco
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    1. 1.1 A hard white substance made by the addition of water to powdered and partly dehydrated gypsum, used for holding broken bones in place and making sculptures and casts.
      • ‘The splint can be made with various materials ranging from thin metal to plaster of Paris.’
      • ‘A replica of the assembly in clay and plaster of Paris in the museum gives you a pithy idea about the people, their dress and social standing.’
      • ‘Her artisans generally use plaster of Paris, though she does use stone dust, fibreglass and bronze on request.’
      • ‘For pieces with intricate designs, moulds of plaster of Paris are used.’
      • ‘The root was fixed in position with a small quantity of plaster of Paris, and the whole seedling was covered loosely with the wetted soil.’
      • ‘There, children are busy making soft toys, painting pots and murals, making things out of clay, plaster of Paris, creating collages, paper flowers, etc.’
      • ‘Positive casts are also made of plaster of Paris.’
      • ‘But now, he often works in the same place with simple materials such as plaster of Paris, coir fibre and gunny cloth, things that charm him forever.’
      • ‘Basic items such as gloves, mosquito nets, stationery, plaster of Paris and cleaning fluids are often out of stock.’
      • ‘Although it provides a durable interior surface, gypsum plaster is too water soluble to use on exterior walls.’
      • ‘Then, another set of plaster of Paris molds were created.’
      • ‘Variations on sugar paste, more or less inedible, include starch or plaster of Paris amongst their ingredients, and are intended purely for decoration.’
      • ‘Against the plaster of Paris, he has used stone oxide powder, a more sophisticated material, that gives a refined finishing and a sturdy look to the end product.’
      • ‘We filled the pole void with plaster of Paris, and we now have a clear idea of what it actually looked like.’
      • ‘Calcium is also used to make drywall and plaster of Paris (calcium sulfate).’
      • ‘Once the design is selected, a dough made of ceramic powder, plaster of Paris, cotton and glue is shaped accordingly.’
      • ‘We gave them a bottle of water so they could make a plaster of Paris cast for a kid who had broken his arm.’
      • ‘Specialist mold makers created master patterns, which were used to fabricate working molds in plaster of Paris.’
      • ‘Mix up some plaster of Paris with the water in the paper cup, stirring until smooth with the Popsicle stick.’
      • ‘They worked like dogs and saved up and made a plaster of Paris mould of the farm to show the boys what their new home looked like.’
      plaster of paris, gypsum
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    2. 1.2 The powder from which plaster is made.
      • ‘Mother had inadvertently used plaster of Paris instead of flour.’
      • ‘I watch her sifting plaster of Paris through her fingers as she sprinkles it slowly onto limp water.’
      • ‘Mix dry plaster of Paris with water until you have a thick, pudding-like consistency.’
  • 2British An adhesive strip of material for covering cuts and wounds.

    • ‘If you have a verruca, cover it with a plaster when you go swimming.’
    • ‘If you cut, scratch or break your skin in any way, make sure the wound is cleaned, treated with antiseptic, and covered with a plaster or dressing if necessary.’
    • ‘The plasters cost E2 and contain five large and five small adhesive dressings, which are useful to everyone.’
    • ‘He was in a body plaster for four months, and it was a while before he returned to trumpet playing.’
    • ‘I think my first aid kit is entirely made up of big plasters.’
    • ‘Make sure you have a good supply of plasters and other first-aid equipment handy.’
    • ‘A few plasters on my forehead had stopped the bleeding.’
    • ‘I applied special plasters to the suppurating wounds there.’
    • ‘In addition to medicines, it might be worth investing in a small first-aid kit, containing plasters, dressings, tweezers and the like.’
    • ‘If you're super-organised, your list should also include plasters, some kind of disinfectant and antihistamines or an inhaler, should you need them.’
    • ‘Great care must be taken, especially with the fitting of plasters, to prevent chafing and subsequent ulcer formation elsewhere on the foot or ankle.’
    • ‘But these are like applying plasters to gaping wounds.’
    • ‘What I did get from her was a sticky plaster to put on my wound to stop the bleeding.’
    • ‘For minor cuts and grazes, washing them well and covering them with a plaster or dressing is usually all that is needed.’
    • ‘Frequently he would return to the ward at night to check a plaster or that a tourniquet had not been left in situ inadvertently.’
    • ‘It comes in a stylish plastic case and includes a foil blanket, gloves, cleansing wipes, dressings and plasters.’
    • ‘The injuries were treated conservatively with below-knee plasters.’
    • ‘This includes covering cuts and broken skin with waterproof plasters and washing hands frequently and thoroughly.’
    • ‘By 6pm he, with a plaster covering his war wound, appeared live to tell the nation about his close encounter on the mean streets of Dublin.’
    • ‘Waterproof plasters should be used over the wounds when showering.’
    sticking plaster, adhesive dressing, dressing, bandage
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    1. 2.1dated A bandage on which a poultice or liniment is spread for application.
      • ‘The company has developed a patented technology, m-doc, which is used as an anti-bleeding ingredient in plasters.’
      • ‘Medicated gauze, alcohol cotton balls or dermatitis plasters are also necessary.’
      • ‘These agents could be used in a pure form but are best utilized in concoctions, plasters, poultices, packs, washes or fumigants.’
      • ‘It is usually followed by herbal plasters and poultices called lepa to help draw toxins out of the pores of the skin.’
      • ‘Lotions, plasters, and ointments sold at the store can sometimes be used to remove a wart.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Cover (a wall, ceiling, or other structure) with plaster.

    • ‘Over time, plaster walls and ceilings may develop stress-cracks.’
    • ‘The high ceiling and the upper walls were plastered and whitewashed, a brilliant white in the illumination from skylights.’
    • ‘The stone walls were plastered and colorfully painted, and there was a fireplace on the central wall.’
    • ‘Behind an apparently innocent piece of wall was a secret doorway that had been plastered over and sealed.’
    • ‘My walls and ceiling were plastered and at some point covered with wallpaper.’
    • ‘The occupants say the walls are already cracked and the builders did not finish the floors or plaster the walls.’
    • ‘The brick walls were plastered over with lime of which some traces can be seen.’
    • ‘Inside, the walls were all plastered and painted pale colours with cream carpets - very novel for the early 1970s in Ireland.’
    • ‘There are a couple of possible scenarios here that depend on how your wall was plastered.’
    • ‘The brick walls will be plastered and painted and there will be improvements to toilets and disabled access with work starting in the next few weeks.’
    • ‘Meanwhile there is a real danger that Scotland is becoming a place where everyone has a degree, but nobody can fix your sink or plaster your wall.’
    • ‘Almost always, the walls are plastered and whitewashed.’
    • ‘They've had a call from the tenant who says that the shower is leaking into the apartment below and he thinks it's because the surrounding walls are plastered, not tiled.’
    • ‘I have plastered the kitchen ceiling and have not even charged her for it.’
    • ‘The DIY project involved creating ten special bays where students could learn skills ranging from wiring a plug to plastering a wall, she added.’
    • ‘To prepare for finished floors it was necessary to plaster the walls of the hall.’
    • ‘Much to the surprise of the construction crew, all the interior walls were plastered and given a coat of white.’
    • ‘The more familiar you are with your materials, and the larger you make your test patches, the fewer the surprises you'll find when plastering the walls for real.’
    • ‘They were doing some renovation work in some rooms, and in one, a worker was plastering the ceiling.’
    • ‘However, the outside walls were never plastered and asbestos was the material used for the roof.’
    • ‘The sloped ceilings were plastered, the cream plaster discolored in places, completely broken away in others.’
    cover thickly, smother, spread, smear, cake, coat, daub, bedaub, overlay
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    1. 1.1plaster something with/in Coat or cover something with (a substance), especially to an extent considered excessive.
      ‘a face plastered in heavy makeup’
      • ‘Come December every other house will be plastered in the tackiest of tacky flashing lights and we will laugh, regaling each other with sightings of aesthetic atrocities.’
      • ‘Sainsburys really got behind Comic Relief, plastering their stores in red noses.’
      • ‘Both sexes are plastered with band logos on bags, T-shirts, patches - Slipknot, Korn, The Deftones.’
      • ‘Today's papers are plastered with yesterday's terror threats.’
      • ‘At an exhibition in the Ikon Gallery in Birmingham earlier this year, she recreated Stroke by plastering the walls of one room with chocolate.’
      • ‘It is sponsored by beer company Tecate, and many of the vehicles are plastered with corporate logos, such as those of Honda and Red Bull.’
      • ‘Commercial Alert is appealing to journalists not to use the corporate names in sports articles - he says plastering ads in stories blurs the line between editorial and advertising.’
      • ‘And in her front room every inch of wall space was plastered with album covers, clocks, pictures, newspaper cuttings and a large Ziggy Stardust mirror.’
      • ‘Inside the bar every available wall and doorway was plastered with ‘no smoking’ signs of varying sizes.’
      • ‘Campaigners also fear the wall will be plastered with offensive graffiti and the flat surface will encourage children to sit on the top, only inches from a sheer drop to the sea and rock armour below.’
    2. 1.2 Make (hair) lie flat by applying a liquid to it.
      ‘his hair was plastered down with water’
      • ‘His hair was plastered to his face, and his coat felt like it was sticking to his skin.’
      • ‘Her normally perfect ash-blonde hair was plastered to her forehead, and her cheekbones glistened in the dim light.’
      • ‘He was covered in sweat and a few rogue locks of hair were plastered to the sides of his face.’
      • ‘The rain had plastered his hair flat onto his forehead and turned his pony tail into a slick pointy tip.’
      • ‘Her hair was plastered to her face from the long walk through the rain.’
      • ‘His black hair was plastered down with it and his shirt was sticking to him.’
      • ‘My hair was plastered to my head, and I raised my hand from instinct to fix it.’
      • ‘Applying the starchy goo like a setting gel, he plastered his hair into a vertical thrust.’
      • ‘My hair was plastered down on my head and tied in a knot in the back so that it would be good and, you know, tight and flat.’
      • ‘She was sweating hard and her hair was plastered to her face, framing it.’
      • ‘His face glistened with sweat, and his hair was plastered to his forehead, sticking out in some places.’
      • ‘It plastered their hair to their heads as they walked down the road, and chilled them to the bone.’
      • ‘Her hair is plastered down with only a few stray hairs escaping.’
      • ‘Rain water was dripping off my nose and my hair was plastered to my face.’
      • ‘All she knew was that when they were finally done dancing, there was sweat plastering her hair to her forehead and she was surprised it wasn't dripping down her arms.’
      • ‘His dark hair was plastered to his forehead by sweat and the general moisture in the air.’
      • ‘Golden waves of hair were plastered to his face, dripping beads of water that one by one glided off the strands and rolled down his back.’
      • ‘The rain drenched him instantly, plastering his hair to his head and soaking through his thin shirt and trousers.’
      • ‘Water plastered my hair to my red, sweaty face and I ended up looking more like a drenched beach ball than anything else.’
      • ‘The rain water plastered her loose hair to her forehead.’
      flatten, flatten down, smooth down, slick down, sleek down
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    3. 1.3 Apply a plaster cast or medical plaster to (a part of the body)
      • ‘Staff at Bath's Royal United Hospital are unwilling to plaster her leg because it would require giving her an anaesthetic, which could be dangerous with her heart problems.’
      • ‘My husband took her to the camp doctor who plastered her arm.’
    4. 1.4plaster something with Cover a surface with (large numbers of pictures or posters)
      ‘the store windows are plastered with posters’
      • ‘His walls were plastered with posters and memorabilia of the concerts.’
      • ‘He set the photo down on the light table and went over to the wall that was plastered floor to ceiling with her likeness in every way, shape and form.’
      • ‘While my house was plastered with black and white stills of him making a tackle or standing on the sidelines, it was not until I saw him on the screen that it all added up to greatness in my mind.’
      • ‘The workers and their supporters have plastered the factory walls with posters denouncing the closure and demanding compensation.’
      • ‘The walls were plastered with charts and posters giving details of the daily routine, available facilities, progress of various programmes, and related information.’
      • ‘One wall is plastered with The Sopranos script.’
      • ‘On Thursday, officers were plastering posters in the area warning about the tough new powers.’
      • ‘Her whole wall was plastered with her anime drawings.’
      • ‘The walls of their project rooms are soon plastered with imagery, diagrams, flow charts, and other ephemera.’
      • ‘It's plastered the city with posters telling them the transition plan will take away everything that is sacred.’
    5. 1.5plaster something over Present a story or picture conspicuously and sensationally in (a newspaper or magazine)
      ‘her story was plastered all over the December issue’
      • ‘More letters about those ludicrous mission statements that counties seem obliged to plaster everywhere.’
      • ‘There were posters and tattoo designs plastered all over the walls.’
      • ‘The correspondence from them came on KPMG letterhead, with the logo plastered on every page.’
      • ‘It flies from every third building, it is emblazoned on shop displays, plastered on the bumpers of cars, and scrawled on anti-war banners.’
      • ‘Open any national newspaper and you will find her plastered all over the pages, largely on the grounds of her weight gain.’
      • ‘The reason that the face is fresh in my mind is because it's plastered all over LA.’
      • ‘How much of this explosive information was plastered across the front pages of the Australian media?’
      • ‘You have to wonder why he should want his life story plastered all over the daily papers.’
      • ‘Her image is plastered on billboards and bedroom walls all over Korea.’
      • ‘It was a light purple, with pictures of the three of us plastered everywhere.’
      • ‘Why aren't stories like this plastered all over the mainstream media?’
      • ‘The press then mysteriously get involved and it's plastered all over the front pages.’
      • ‘His picture's plastered all over the programme.’
      • ‘The villagers are wide-eyed with superstition, and crucifixes are plastered everywhere.’
      • ‘Political posters are plastered all over the walls and even on the concrete security barriers.’
      • ‘His face has been plastered on billboards just about everywhere.’
      • ‘His company had plastered posters and media stories around the area telling everyone that track repair work would mean no trains that day and advertising replacement buses.’
      • ‘The following decades saw the surfer image plastered on billboards and glossy ads.’
      • ‘Seeing signs plastered everywhere has got me wondering about how it is organised, and now I know.’
      display, exhibit, show, put on display, draw attention to, present, spread, emblazon, flaunt, parade, reveal
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    6. 1.6dated, informal Bomb or shell (a target) heavily.
      • ‘The support-by-fire elements plaster the T-80's area with machine gun fire and main gun rounds.’
      • ‘The enemy plastered the troops in this position, particularly from the air, where he was unmolested, and followed the bombardment by a further attack on our position.’

Origin

Old English, denoting a bandage spread with a curative substance, from medieval Latin plastrum (shortening of Latin emplastrum, from Greek emplastron ‘daub, salve’), later reinforced by the Old French noun plastre. Sense 1 dates from late Middle English.

Pronunciation

plaster

/ˈplastər//ˈplæstər/