Definition of plan in English:

plan

noun

  • 1A detailed proposal for doing or achieving something.

    ‘the UN peace plan’
    • ‘According to a defence analyst here, he is close to achieving a plan already worked out when he was elected 10 months ago.’
    • ‘The city council says the policy is no longer consistent with what it wants to achieve in its plan.’
    • ‘If the proposed plans go ahead there is a very real danger that the closure of this business will lead to the loss of this unique service.’
    • ‘While on the university level the plans were achieved, not all the proposed schools were opened.’
    • ‘All three have said they proposed to approve the plans, subject to the Secretary of State's views.’
    • ‘These are both goal-oriented symbols, which speak to us of making plans in order to achieve our desires.’
    • ‘Members are also likely to call for more detailed plans of the other proposed measures, in readiness for public consultation.’
    • ‘There's a lot of concern about the way it's been waged, and the fact that there's no plan to achieve peace.’
    • ‘Negotiations in both villages are to take place to see if those plans can be achieved.’
    • ‘Lancashire County Council offered to help draw up detailed plans using their proposals.’
    • ‘The plan proposes to rehabilitate the sewer system in the area and to upgrade the infrastructure in and around the river.’
    • ‘Such reviews would establish if the plan is actually achieving its initial aims.’
    • ‘This will allow residents to look at detailed plans for the proposals and speak to council officers about how they will be implemented.’
    • ‘He said the only way of achieving the plan would be to identify areas where costs could be cut while ensuring care in areas of clinical necessity.’
    • ‘Why is it that theoretical plans and practical achievements in the Scottish health service are incapable of marrying up?’
    • ‘The plan failed to achieve a simple majority of the Ankara parliament in a knife-edge vote on Saturday.’
    • ‘A council spokesman said the proposal was part of plans to cut more than 2,000 surplus school places.’
    • ‘There is a lot of extra cost if an application has to be heard under both an operative and a proposed plan at the same time.’
    • ‘The plans will also include proposals for a tsunami warning system.’
    • ‘He said a consultancy will be awarded soon to look at existing system and formulate plans for fixing it.’
    scheme, plan of action, idea, master plan, game plan, proposal, proposition, ploy, suggestion, project, programme, system, method, procedure, strategy, stratagem, formula, recipe, scenario, arrangement, schedule, agenda
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1with modifier A scheme for the regular payment of contributions toward a pension, savings account, or insurance policy.
      ‘a personal pension plan’
      • ‘They refuse to implement a pension plan or even pay the full cost of our health insurance.’
      • ‘I suggest you start contributing to a stakeholder pension plan alongside your firm's scheme.’
      • ‘People do not have to be taxpayers in order to have payments into a pension plan boosted by tax relief from the Inland Revenue.’
      • ‘Today you are far more likely to have your own personal pension plan or ‘money purchase’ scheme at work.’
      • ‘Tax-efficient equity savings schemes and plans for private pension funds will soon become the norm for many countries.’
      • ‘An easy payment plan is available for those wishing to pay to monthly installments.’
      • ‘Have you got into the habit of making regular contributions to savings or investment plans for your children?’
      • ‘He plans to gut social security and turn it from old age insurance to a pension plan.’
      • ‘I am in the firm's defined contribution pension plan and contribute the maximum for my age.’
      • ‘In dollar terms, the change in contribution pension plan investment is staggering.’
      • ‘Regular payment plans are available allowing you to pay weekly, fortnightly or monthly.’
      • ‘Chinese companies do not have to pay for health insurance or fund pension plans.’
      • ‘Money purchase or defined contribution plans shift the risk of providing for old age on to the employees.’
      • ‘For many years, I have been contributing to a pension plan which is mainly invested in shares.’
      • ‘Of course, some labs are chosen simply because of health insurance plan mandates.’
      • ‘Grace is a teacher and has contributed to a pension plan since the year before the marriage.’
      • ‘Some universities use a private pension plan, so your contribution may vary.’
      • ‘The scheme, the first dental insurance plan on the Irish market, was launched at the end of May.’
      • ‘An excuse many of us give for failing to save is that we plan to use our homes as our combined savings and pension plans.’
      • ‘We have a declining birth rate and increased life expectancy, along with a marked reluctance to pay into a private pension plan.’
  • 2usually plansAn intention or decision about what one is going to do.

    ‘I have no plans to retire’
    • ‘By tradition, we want to start the year by sharing with you our plans and intentions for the future.’
    • ‘He said he had no idea what he would be working on next but denied he had any plans to retire, despite the fact he is not a huge fan of being in front of the camera.’
    • ‘She tends to live in the present, without any plans, ambitions or goals.’
    • ‘Ellen has no plans to retire and hopes to be one of the happy band raising money to support Sue Ryder homes for many years to come.’
    • ‘Elderly residents at two closure-threatened care homes are to get their say in the plans before any final decisions are made.’
    • ‘I see that Thabo will soon come to a decision on what his plans for the embattled Zuma are.’
    • ‘As version upgrades can easily take 12 months, customers will soon have to make a decision about their future plans.’
    • ‘He said the three countries have no plans to make any decision on their nuclear arms program.’
    • ‘But shortly after conceding defeat, a disheartened Landry announced plans to retire from politics.’
    • ‘He never took advice well, believing his own plans and decisions to be superior to any other.’
    • ‘He said that there were no plans, intentions, desires, or need for any increases greater than inflation.’
    • ‘At Dorcan School, the headteacher announced his plans to retire at the end of the summer term.’
    • ‘Although he has no plans to retire in the immediate future, he is looking forward to running the place in due course.’
    • ‘He also liked to change his plans or decisions without letting me know and then, if something happened, put all the blame for the situation on me.’
    • ‘Although this expat will celebrate his 60th birthday this year, he has no plans to retire any time soon.’
    • ‘He told him he had no plans to appeal the decision.’
    • ‘The mayor said that no plans or final decision had yet been made.’
    • ‘It is understood that RTE has no plans to challenge the decision or to support any legal challenge by staff.’
    • ‘She has no plans to retire and dismisses the idea that writers have conventional careers.’
    • ‘Each girl will be formally interviewed by four judges about their interests and future plans before a decision is made.’
    intention, aim, idea, intent, objective, object, goal, target, hope, aspiration, ambition
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  • 3A detailed map or diagram.

    ‘a street plan’
    • ‘The plans should incorporate street furniture, paving, lighting and trees.’
    • ‘All of his six or so novels have a map as frontispiece from which one can see that much of the street plan has survived.’
    • ‘The yellow colouring on the enclosed plan indicated the area from Furnham Road to AA.’
    • ‘The basic L-shaped plan wraps around a patio courtyard in the internal corner of the site.’
    • ‘In this plan, two pagodas were built in front of one Main Hall in the main courtyard.’
    • ‘The point of education is not to give pupils a street plan of their local district but a putative map of the world.’
    • ‘The underlying street plans of towns like Otley were laid down centuries before motor vehicles were invented.’
    • ‘Oxford residents have expressed their anger at development plans on St Giles Street and at Keble College.’
    • ‘The plan also includes building stops along the way in hopes of expanding in the future.’
    • ‘I am especially grateful to my daughter for her assistance in preparing the maps and plans.’
    • ‘Vestiges of a street plan can sometimes be seen on ploughed land north-east of the amphitheatre.’
    • ‘Over 170 Hilperton residents went to an open day in the village last month to look at plans proposed by the developer.’
    1. 3.1 A drawing or diagram made by projection on a horizontal plane, especially one showing the layout of a building or one floor of a building.
      Compare with elevation (sense 3)
      • ‘Lancaster City Council has deemed the plans for the proposed multi-million pound structure invalid.’
      • ‘Before them lay a ladder down into a musty basement that was obviously not listed on the building plans.’
      • ‘One of the papers just published a plan of the layout of the house.’
      • ‘Kenneth handed him the plans and explained the layout and security he'd found.’
      • ‘In 1962, the local authority had approved building plans under local by-laws.’
      • ‘As per law, it is either the BMRDA or the BDA which have powers to approve the layouts and building plans.’
      • ‘While drawing up plans for city centre buildings, he often helped children with their school design projects.’
      • ‘It is also difficult to predict, given the limited quantity and quality of data on building plans.’
      • ‘With a key plan, the floor surface profile along those lines becomes useful information.’
      • ‘Oral and written instructions are supplemented by plans, drawings or blueprints.’
      • ‘An itemized asset list is created and geographically located on building plans.’
      • ‘As far as I knew, the original building plans had disappeared a long time ago.’
      • ‘He is scheduled to release a detailed blueprint of his plans by mid-September.’
      • ‘Since work of this type is governed by local codes, check your plans with the building department.’
      • ‘Members of the public will be able to track their building plans on the Internet from February 2004.’
      • ‘Very few building plans are at a scale where internal arrangement can be properly read.’
      • ‘It is a walk-in information Office to allow viewing of the plans for the proposed tourism resort.’
      • ‘At that time, the municipality already approved the plans for the first building.’
      • ‘Reading the plans of the building again, she made sure she knew every way out of the building.’
      • ‘Interestingly the original plans show the buildings supported and made level by brick piles grounded in the sloping valley side.’
      blueprint, drawing, scale drawing, diagram, sketch, chart, map, layout, artist's impression
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    2. 3.2 A diagram showing how something will be arranged.
      ‘look at the seating plan’
      • ‘Even the seating plan, though, underlines one important reason for voter apathy.’
      • ‘A good friend told me that his friend, who's a school teacher, drew up a seating plan last week for her pre-teen pupils.’
      • ‘The seating plan for a national event is a good time to find out who's hot and who's not.’
      • ‘Directors instantly knew where they were in the pecking order by a quick look at the seating plan.’
      • ‘Tonight we're chilling after sorting out the seating plan and printing out the place cards for the wedding.’
      • ‘Know the seating plan and etiquette before boarding the company jet.’
      • ‘All residents are urged to review their family flood plans and update their knowledge about flooding.’
      • ‘The seating plan was drawn up using French, the traditional language of diplomacy.’
      • ‘You can, in fact, check seating plans through airline websites - if you know how to find them.’
      • ‘Householders are also being advised to prepare an escape plan from home and smokers are being warned to take special care.’
      • ‘I see she has the seating plan for the crematorium in her hand.’
      • ‘Now, if there was a prize that allowed you to set the seating plan: that would be a prize worth winning.’
      • ‘In addition to the price increases, Churchill Downs has changed seating plans on Oaks day.’
      preparations, plans
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Decide on and arrange in advance.

    ‘they were planning a trip to Egypt’
    with infinitive ‘he plans to fly on Wednesday’
    no object ‘we plan on getting married in the near future’
    ‘we have to plan for the future’
    • ‘He is now refurbishing the ground floor of the building and plans to open a late night bar and dance floor from Thursday to Saturday.’
    • ‘Before you plan a trip, decide whether you'd rather try a wilderness lodge or a guest ranch.’
    • ‘Even so, the family plans to appeal the decision so it can continue living in six caravans on the site, which it bought more than a year ago.’
    • ‘All too often this leads them to neglect the very important issue of planning their development in advance.’
    • ‘The organisation plans to publish research on state childcare models in May.’
    • ‘Additionally, it is unclear how the company plans to finance the building of that site.’
    • ‘We therefore plan to check this possibility by putting an acetyl group on the N-terminus.’
    • ‘There is a DJ booth and the manager plans to change the layout on the first floor to make space for a small dance floor.’
    • ‘The restaurant is quite a good size but due to popularity it is essential to book in advance if you plan on having dinner there.’
    • ‘Intel plans to start building again next year, and to start operations in the third quarter of 2003.’
    • ‘The trick is to plan each one in advance and do something original.’
    • ‘There is a system of communication to enable partners to plan their play and decide when it is appropriate to bet.’
    • ‘The town council plans to make a decision by the end of the year.’
    • ‘After switch-over, the government plans to sell the spectrum previously used for analogue.’
    • ‘The key to a successful warehouse shopping experience is to plan your visit in advance.’
    • ‘This is fantastic news if you plan on making a trip to the US this year.’
    • ‘A tenants and residents organisation plans to create new jobs and other opportunities.’
    • ‘Kate plans to arrange monthly meetings with speakers and general support sessions.’
    • ‘Now he and his wife Laura are moving to a larger house nearby, and plan to start a programme of improvements as soon as they sell their current home.’
    • ‘The program plans to offer doctoral degree education within the next two to three years.’
    organize, arrange, work out, think out, design, line up, outline, sketch out, map out, chalk out, draft, prepare, schedule, programme, formulate, frame, project, develop, set up, fix up, shape, build, devise, concoct, contrive
    intend, make plans, aim, propose, mean, be resolved, have in mind, hope, want, wish, desire, contemplate, envisage, foresee, envision, expect
    View synonyms
  • 2Design or make a plan of (something to be made or built)

    ‘they were planning a garden’
    • ‘We walked for miles here, thinking very thoroughly, talking, taking hundreds of photographs, planning the design.’
    • ‘All you really need to learn about planning your garden is written on the package, or available from your bulb supplier.’
    • ‘Introductory chapters include tips on planning a garden and how to create and care for the garden.’
    • ‘It is not necessary to have only indigenous plants when planning a xeriscape design.’
    • ‘Mary is a professional landscape designer and her talk will be on interest to anyone planning a new garden or rejuvenating an old one.’
    • ‘This view has invariably seduced architects when imaging and planning utopian cities.’
    • ‘We're planning a memorial garden for archives and ashes for our friends and ourselves.’
    • ‘Color and time of bloom are two of the most important elements to consider when planning your bulb and garden planting.’
    • ‘You will not only plan a design scheme but you will also put it into practice.’
    • ‘He was continuing to plan his garden during his final illness.’
    • ‘Plan seed purchases for the fall garden when you are planning your spring garden.’
    • ‘As you plan your water garden, consider the aquatic plants you may want to include in it.’
    • ‘A range of colours will be made known to the various groups involved when planning their designs.’
    • ‘He was a gardener of note and relished planning the gardens of his acquaintances.’
    • ‘I'm planning a couple of design changes to this blog, and rounded corners may well make an appearance in the new version.’
    • ‘When planning your garden, it is important to know what your climate zone is and choose your plants accordingly.’
    • ‘The town has attracted high-tech businesses and is planning a technology zone for downtown.’
    • ‘This information should be considered when you plan your garden and when you buy the plants.’
    • ‘Start by planning the garden based on where you'll be happiest sitting.’
    • ‘Shortly after his arrival, he took over the project to design and plan the new Shenzhen University.’
    design, draw up a plan of, make a drawing of, draw up a layout of, sketch out, make a map of, map out, make a representation of
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Phrases

  • someone's (or the) best plan

    • A person's (or the) most sensible course of action.

      • ‘But your best plan of action is to exercise self-control and do nothing.’
      • ‘Probably their best plan, however, is to ignore him and hope that no one will notice what he says.’
      • ‘The task force concluded that it's best plan of action is to have a ‘lean staffing model’ in which ‘excellence’ is placed ahead of volume and compensation is, thus, high.’
      • ‘It was sunny, it was mild, and there was a delicious refreshing breeze just about all day, so it seemed our best plan would be to stay home and enjoy it.’
      • ‘After all, your time and resources are limited, so spending them wisely, even at the cost of other areas, is going to be your best plan.’
      • ‘The Pakistan board wanted faster pitches for them but their best plan now would be to prepare turners.’
      • ‘But his best plan would be to go to a team down and out at the quarterback position - Chicago, Cincinatti and Carolina come to mind - and make his own mark where the expectations are far less.’
      • ‘I will leave you now to start to think on this and your best plan of action.’
      • ‘I encourage you to explore all your options and talk to several different kinds of professionals to decide your best plan of action.’
      • ‘If you're nearing retirement, you may be thinking that your best plan is to take up smoking, heavy drinking and motorcycle stunts.’
  • go according to plan

    • Happen as one arranged or intended.

      • ‘As a project manager, I know too well that when you operate in a tight time frame, no matter how much you plan, nothing goes according to plan.’
      • ‘But the married father-of-three, who has 22 years' experience, is confident that arrangements will go according to plan.’
      • ‘The president and her family were on hand all day to make sure that everything went according to plan - even going as far as bringing umbrellas to some golfers who didn't like the rain!’
      • ‘Everything had been planned for and everything went according to plan.’
      • ‘The first combination that set off brought down the telephone wires in Steeple Ashton but after that there was more room and it all went according to plan.’
      • ‘This festive season, Sofia will be bathed in light if the decoration arrangements of the Sofia municipality go according to plan.’
      • ‘For the next few years things went according to plan, and then in the year 1854, passengers on the ship Blanche were found to be suffering from cholera.’
      • ‘Security officials say everything went according to plan.’
      • ‘‘After all these delays I was so pleased that I never worried, and everything went according to plan,’ he said.’
      • ‘An East Lancashire economic leader today said that, if things went according to plan, work on the site could start within 15 months and the course could be complete in 2008.’
  • plan of action (or campaign or attack)

    • An organized program of measures to be taken in order to achieve a goal.

      • ‘The document, however, failed to detail any environmental goals or plan of attack.’
      • ‘We bring in a project manager with the expertise to assess the situation, formulate a plan of action, and get the project completed.’
      • ‘We are going to meet today to decide a plan of action but we will organise a date for a public meeting at the end of August.’
      • ‘We spoke further and I think I helped to get him to think more positively about himself, and I helped him to formulate some basic plans of action that he needs to pursue in order to get his life back on track.’
      • ‘He said that every company, regardless of what area it is in, should formulate a plan of action to deal with a crisis.’
      • ‘I am going to do some serious rethinking about my plan of attack regarding my diet and exercise program.’
      • ‘These five goals were discussed to determine a plan of action to achieve them.’
      • ‘They have a common strategic aim but have no plan of action on the tactical level.’
      • ‘With respect to the forethought phase of self-regulation, the primary participants continued to set goals and devise plans of action for navigating their college-level courses.’
      • ‘Once you find a likely partner, formulate a plan of attack that includes long- and short-term goals you'd both like to accomplish in the gym.’
      scheme, plan of action, idea, master plan, game plan, proposal, proposition, ploy, suggestion, project, programme, system, method, procedure, strategy, stratagem, formula, recipe, scenario, arrangement, schedule, agenda
      View synonyms

Origin

Late 17th century: from French, from earlier plant ‘ground plan, plane surface’, influenced in sense by Italian pianta ‘plan of building’. Compare with plant.

Pronunciation

plan

/plan//plæn/