Definition of Pima in US English:


nounPlural Pimas

  • 1A member of either of two North American peoples, the (Upper) Pima living chiefly along the Gila and Salt rivers of southern Arizona, and the Lower Pima of central Sonora.

    • ‘I do have friends who are American Indians representing many tribes - - Anishinabe, Seneca, Cherokee, Cayuga, Diné, Menominee, Ojibwe, Apache, Onondaga, Pima, Pequot.’
    • ‘Before the 1860s, Pimas had maintained their agricultural fields and irrigation canals based on knowledge from a long history of agricultural subsistence.’
    • ‘That's one of the reasons they're outsiders among a lot of the native tribes in Mexico; the Mayo from Sonora, the Pima all signed treaties.’
    • ‘During the 1680s and 1690s, many wars of independence were being waged across the northern frontier of New Spain by Conchos, Tarahumaras, Mansos, Sanos, Pimas, Opatas, and Apaches.’
    • ‘However, this thrifty genotype hypothesis is not considered a sufficient explanation for the post-World War II rise in diabetes prevalence among the Pimas and other Native American groups.’
    • ‘Genetic factors complicate the task of diabetes prevention by implying that the disease is unavoidable for Pimas.’
    • ‘The prevalence of diabetes among Pima (Akimel O'odham) Indians involves three important domains: political-economic, genetic, and cultural.’
    • ‘May hopes that stevia, part of the company's best-selling Sweet Leaf line, will not only aid the Pimas in conquering diabetes but will become, in his words, ‘one of the great consumer brands of the world.’’
    • ‘A woman born on the borders of an uneasy alliance of ages past between Tarahumara, Yaqui, and Pima, she was tall, almost willowy in the blossom of her youth.’
    • ‘A second area of disagreement stems from Western, biomedical notions of individual responsibility for health that are not universally accepted or even practical in the Pimas' kin-focused society.’
    • ‘What does this mean for native groups like the Cree and Mohawks of Canada and the US, whose ancestral lands (like the Yoeme and Pima in the South) are cut literally by the border?’
    • ‘A few Pima grew crops and hunted in the nearby Gila River Valley, but the old extensive irrigation system was now virtually unknown to those who lived along the Salt.’
    • ‘Health problems related to diabetes-blindness, the loss of limbs, liver and kidney disease-are so severe that some Pimas fear for the very survival of their tribe.’
    • ‘Some of the groups with the highest rates of diabetes (e.g., the Pimas, Puebloans, and River Yumans) also have the longest history of intensive agricultural subsistence.’
    • ‘One strategy is to plant vegetable varieties adapted to growing in drought conditions, like tepary beans from the Pimas of central Arizona and Hopi corn developed to grow in sand dunes without irrigation.’
    • ‘Apache wandered in the mountains to the east, Pima lived in the river valleys of today's Arizona.’
    • ‘Among Pimas over the age of 55, 80 percent have diabetes.’
    • ‘Those ancient peoples are now believed to have become the Papago, Pima, and Pueblo peoples of the contemporary Southwest.’
    • ‘This effort to provide water to the Pimas was only partially successful; it did not return the natural flow back to the river.’
    • ‘The Pima in Arizona have been the focus of a tremendous amount of research because even by American standards they are incredibly obese and suffer horrific rates of diabetes and heart disease.’
  • 2The Uto-Aztecan languages of the Pima.

    See Papago
    • ‘Jorigine Bender grew up speaking Pima.’
    • ‘Pima (Uto-Aztecan, central Arizona) pluralizes nouns via partial reduplication.’


  • Relating to the Pima or their languages.

    • ‘In populations at exceptionally high risk for non-insulin dependent diabetes (for example, Pima Indians) overt insulin resistance and diabetes is seen in childhood.’
    • ‘Second, foods associated (either truly or fictively) with the past, tradition, or Pima authenticity carry great symbolic value.’
    • ‘Indeed, his case studies of the Yakima and the Pima Indians provide extraordinarily vivid examples of the effects reclamation had on local power relations.’
    • ‘Isidra, Ernesto's wife, was the first female believer of the indigenous Pima people, and mother of his four children.’
    • ‘Tumamoc Hill is an outlier of the Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona.’
    • ‘Even Pima varieties of cotton grown in Arizona and California showed yield losses that year.’
    • ‘Once, hearing that a Pima man was to be executed the next day, Kino made a perilous seventy-five-mile night ride to rescue him.’
    • ‘The ancestors of the two Pima tribes were some of the first people to set foot in the Americas, some 30,000 to 40,000 years ago.’
    • ‘Educational materials can be made more culturally and economically meaningful in a modern sense by recognizing contemporary and historic aspects of Pima culture.’
    • ‘Take organic outdoor clothing manufacturer Patagonia, for example, which buys from Buhler and plans to start a line of women's clothes made of Pima cotton.’
    • ‘More than half of all Pima Indians over age 35 have diabetes, a condition arising from a body's decreased ability to metabolize glucose.’
    • ‘The highest incidence of diabetes in the United States is believed to occur within the Pima tribe in Arizona with a prevalence rate of approximately 50% in adults 30-64 years of age.’
    • ‘With a steady water supply, Pima culture flourished until the arrival of Euro-Americans and their livestock signaled drastic environmental changes.’
    • ‘My own work at Gila River has examined specific conflicts between biomedical and Pima health cultures, particularly conceptual disagreements.’
    • ‘Strong indications for a major influence of stomatal characteristics on yield have been obtained in studies on Pima cotton cultivars with optimized performance under high temperatures.’
    • ‘At extremely high day temperatures such as 40°C for 13 h, all existing squares and flowers were aborted in several Upland cotton cultivars, whereas Pima cotton was highly sensitive and failed to produce fruiting branches.’
    • ‘Indeed, approximately 95 percent of Pima Indians with diabetes are overweight.’
    • ‘Traditional environment protects against diabetes in Pima Indians.’
    • ‘The peaks retain names that Anglo settlers along the Gila and Salt Rivers took from stories of the Pima people.’
    • ‘Obesity is especially common in Pima Indians, the result of the sudden acquisition of a high-calorie diet to which Europeans have had enough time to adjust.’


Spanish, shortening of Pimahito, from Pima pimahaitu ‘nothing’.