1A long-bodied predatory freshwater fish with a pointed snout and large teeth, of both North America and Eurasia.
- ‘There are herring and cod in the outer archipelago, but within casting range of land the fish are mostly fresh-water - perch, bream, pike, and zander.’
- ‘After debating the merits of fishing for grayling or the pike, we chose to fly fish for the pike.’
- ‘The main courses are dominated by marine and freshwater fish, including the ubiquitous pike; or else game - rabbit, pheasant and duck.’
- ‘Being the main apex predator found in freshwaters, pike are not as common as other fish.’
- ‘Paul contacted the Environment Agency and Yorkshire Water, which are now investigating the cause of the deaths of a number of fish including pike, eels and roach.’
- 1.1Used in names of other predatory fish with large teeth, e.g., garpike.
- ‘It can save you lots of time reeling in grass pike, and a pocket full of money on lost baits, if you invest in a couple weed less baits for your tackle box.’
- ‘The long-nosed garpike is common everywhere in shallow water.’
- ‘The department may designate certain waters in which a rubber or spring propelled spear may be used for the taking of carp, dogfish, garpike, and suckers.’
Middle English: from pike (because of the fish's pointed jaw).
1An infantry weapon with a pointed steel or iron head on a long wooden shaft.
blade, knife, sword, spear, lance, pike, javelin, shaft, harpoonView synonyms
- ‘They use pikes and heavy cutlasses in a practical, serious manner.’
- ‘The invention and proliferation of the ring bayonet in the 1690s led to the disappearance of the pike as a standard infantry weapon.’
- ‘Dixira stopped abruptly, his nose inches from the wooden shafts of the pikes.’
- ‘Vast quantities of clothing, gunpowder, pikes, halberds, swords, and muskets poured out of the workshops of the metropolis.’
- ‘Bronze and iron weapons were initially obtained from the continent, but soon the Japanese were making their own weapons such as swords, pikes, and spears.’
- 1.1British (in names) a hill with a peaked top.‘Scafell pike’
high ground, rising ground, prominence, eminence, elevation, rise, hillock, mound, mount, knoll, hummock, tor, tump, fell, pike, mesaView synonyms
- ‘Many people walk up Scafell Pike each day - but beware of following the crowd!’
- ‘At 978 metres (3209 feet), Scafell Pike is the highest mountain in England. It is located in the Lake District National Park in Cumbria.’
- ‘Although the lowest of the three country tops of Scotland, Wales and England, Scafell Pike is perhaps the hardest to get to.’
Kill or thrust (someone) through with a pike.
Early 16th century: from French pique, back-formation from piquer pierce from pic pick, pike; compare with Old English pīc point, prick (of unknown origin).
- short for turnpike
- ‘The National Road becomes known as the National Pike, as some of the states erect toll houses to collect fees from those using the Pike.’
- ‘Towns and cities along the pike began to spring up to provide comforts for weary travelers heading west. Modern travelers of the Historic National Pike will find communities proud of their vibrant heritage.’
- ‘Maryland's Baltimore to Cumberland section of the Historic National Road was designated the Historic National Pike.’
[often as modifier] A position in diving or gymnastics in which the body is bent at the waist but the legs remain straight.
- ‘As a beginner the whole idea is to hang on the pole for as long as possible and gradually practise kicking up your feet into a pike position.’
- ‘A good freestyle turn should be started in a pike position.’
- ‘Now bring the ball closer to your hands by bending at the waist until you achieve an inverted pike position.’
- ‘Semi-final leader Blanik performed a very strong Tsukahara double pike, but appeared to land low on his piked handspring double front.’
- ‘Chusovitina's full-twisting front somersault vault in open pike position earned her first place on that event.’
1920s: of unknown origin.