Definition of pigment in English:

pigment

noun

Pronunciation /ˈpiɡmənt//ˈpɪɡmənt/
  • 1The natural coloring matter of animal or plant tissue.

    • ‘The color yellow in the animal world comes from pigments called carotenoids, which vertebrates cannot synthesize and must therefore obtain directly from their diets.’
    • ‘Lycopene (the natural pigment that makes tomatoes red) triggers the death of prostate cancer cells without harming healthy cells.’
    • ‘Variegation in leaves is caused by a loss of light absorbing pigments in the plant cells.’
    • ‘This carotenoid antioxidant - the natural pigment in tomatoes, guava and watermelon - is good for the heart.’
    • ‘Lycopene is a red pigment that occurs naturally in certain plant and algal tissues.’
    • ‘These natural pigments, which produce yellow, orange, and brown hues in plants, from buttercups to carrots, are always present.’
    • ‘I remembered hearing about brave young boys going through the tribal rituals of manhood, their skin pierced with bone and marked with plant pigments to show their acceptance into the clan.’
    • ‘Flowers, corals, and even animal skin contain pigments which give them their colors.’
    • ‘Naturally occurring plant pigments, flavonoids are one of the reasons fruits and vegetables are so good for you.’
    • ‘Sources for pigments were animals, plants and minerals.’
    • ‘This color reveals the presence of yellow, orange and red pigments known as carotenoids.’
    • ‘The threads are dyed by hand using native plant and flower pigments.’
    • ‘One group, the carotenoids, contains more than 500 different orange-yellow plant pigments.’
    • ‘Chlorophyll is only one of several pigments found in plants, but it is by far the most important.’
    • ‘These antioxidant plant pigments, found in berries, citrus fruits, and onions, strengthen your mucous membranes and stabilize your immune cells.’
    • ‘In plants, carotenoid pigments such as anthocyanins often help tackle these aggressors.’
    • ‘Onions contain bioflavonoids, a class of water-soluble plant pigments found in more than 4,000 fruits and vegetables.’
    • ‘The satellites monitor the green pigment in plants, or chlorophyll, which leads to estimates of phytoplankton amounts.’
    • ‘The textiles are dyed with natural pigments, including a rich blue made from a mixture of indigo, rice whiskey, betel nut juice, rice husk residue, lime and sugar cane water.’
    • ‘Anthocyanins represent the most widespread red and purple pigments in the plant kingdom.’
    1. 1.1 A substance used for coloring or painting, especially a dry powder, which when mixed with oil, water, or another medium constitutes a paint or ink.
      • ‘Painting into wet plaster with water soluble pigments is one of the most difficult of all challenges a painter can face.’
      • ‘In its broadest sense this term denotes painting done in pigments bound with a medium (generally gum arabic) which is soluble in water.’
      • ‘Tempera paint and dry pigments can wreck your surfaces.’
      • ‘Eggs have been used as a binding medium for pigment paint since primitive times.’
      • ‘The artist uses colours from natural pigments.’
      • ‘With light from small stone lamps, the artists painted using natural pigments made from ground earth.’
      • ‘She also added jewel powder to the pigment used in her paintings, expressing her passion for the precious stones.’
      • ‘Light joints may be darkened by painting the joints with pigments specially selected to produce the required shade.’
      • ‘We carry a large range of dry pigments, oils and mediums.’
      • ‘Essentially this work is nothing more than stylised, monochromatic copies of rock paintings executed in traditional pigments on handmade paper.’
      • ‘Ceramic frit is composed of glass particles, paint pigment and a mixture medium to blend the two.’
      • ‘Many of the paintings in the exhibition at first glance look as though they were painted with water-based Japanese pigments.’
      • ‘Evan chose his pigments and applied his paints parsimoniously.’
      • ‘Oil paint is a wet mixture of pigments in an oily medium.’
      • ‘Highlight the high spots with various metallic paints and powdered pigments.’
      • ‘She uses layers of hot beeswax tinted with oil paint and pigments, in bright hues of yellow, red, brown and orange, to make abstract works with texture and dimension.’
      • ‘The pigments color the paint, make it opaque, and aid in UV resistance.’
      • ‘Windmills were also used to saw timber, grind minerals and oil seeds, process spices and cocoa, grind pigments into paints and dyes, and press tobacco.’
      • ‘Particles in different shades, shapes and sizes are used as pigments to complement paint in what is essentially a painting.’
      • ‘Other tiles are etched on the surface and painted with permanent glass pigments.’
      colouring matter, colouring agent, colouring, colourant, colour, tint, dye, dyestuff, stain
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]
Pronunciation /piɡˈment//pɪɡˈmɛnt/
usually as adjective pigmented
  • Color (something) with or as if with pigment.

    ‘pigmented areas such as freckles’
    • ‘As an unstably pigmented American, I had to endure both freckles and the early loss of hair color.’
    • ‘The canvas was hung out to dry, and the result was a wrinkled, unevenly pigmented surface.’
    • ‘All killer whales have a white pigmented area behind the eye called an eye patch.’
    • ‘All painted walls should be primed with a good quality pigmented acrylic wallcovering primer.’
    • ‘In addition, the foam can be pigmented in a variety of colors.’
    • ‘The most predictive features for melanoma development are a history of change in an existing nevus or a new and changing pigmented lesion.’
    • ‘The results are recipes for manufacturing pigmented coatings that maximize solar reflectance for a given color.’
    • ‘Pigmented cells occur in clusters that resemble clonal sectors, but within a sector, not every cell is pigmented to the same degree.’
    • ‘He also noted that pigmented fungi were resistant, consistent with the notion that pigments serve as protective filters.’
    • ‘The sunlight exposure needed by darkly pigmented infants is poorly understood.’
    • ‘Nearly everyone has pigmented moles, but only one in a million becomes malignant.’
    • ‘This includes conditions mentioned earlier, like unwanted hair and vascular and pigmented lesions.’
    • ‘It contains a highly pigmented India ink that is both acid-free and archival.’
    • ‘This softly pigmented wax will help shape brows and give them a bit more color to look fuller.’
    • ‘Tilting his canvases at steep angles, Ross drips thin pigmented rivulets from top to bottom.’
    • ‘According to my reference sources, albino birds are extremely rare in the wild, and they also tend to be attacked by the normally pigmented members of their flock.’
    • ‘In red wines there are usually sufficient adsorbed tannins and pigmented tannins to colour the crystals reddish brown and to ensure that they are small and irregular in shape.’
    • ‘The tail is pigmented and dusky, but the other fins are usually clear.’
    • ‘About two-thirds of white adults have ten or twenty, but rarely more, pigmented moles.’
    • ‘Malignant melanomas are derived from epidermal melanocytes, and frequently arise from pre-existing pigmented lesions such as moles.’
    colour, tint, dye, tinge, shade, pigment
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Origin

Middle English, from Latin pigmentum, from pingere ‘to paint’. The verb dates from the early 20th century.

Pronunciation

pigment

Noun/ˈpɪɡmənt/

pigment

Verb/pɪɡˈmɛnt/