Definition of philosopher in US English:

philosopher

noun

  • A person engaged or learned in philosophy, especially as an academic discipline.

    • ‘Conferences of philosophers on determinism and freedom aren't the same as they used to be.’
    • ‘Some of them tried to replace religion by a secular morality that owed much to the German philosopher Kant.’
    • ‘Some philosophers contend that death is a harm inasmuch as it thwarts a central desire: to stay alive.’
    • ‘The noun Dasein is used by other philosophers, by Kant for example, for the existence of any entity.’
    • ‘So far as we know, Socrates was the first philosopher to make prominent the question of how to live well.’
    • ‘Spinoza the philosopher emerged in his true colours through the work of Schelling and Hegel.’
    • ‘Future generations may or may not judge Wittgenstein to be one of the great philosophers.’
    • ‘Plato has a claim to be the first philosopher to establish philosophy as a subject.’
    • ‘The philosopher Hannah Arendt concluded that evil lay in the refusal to think.’
    • ‘Descartes, of course, was not the first philosopher to view the body with disdain.’
    • ‘As is the hallowed custom with philosophers, the thinking of all of them is by nature unhistorical.’
    • ‘Do any of you know of any philosophers that seem to be more or less Buddhist in outlook?’
    • ‘Zeno was a pupil and friend of the philosopher Parmenides and studied with him in Elea.’
    • ‘I need to brace myself before I throw myself at the modern continental philosophers.’
    • ‘It seems to me that philosophers are often criticized for always demanding rational explanations.’
    • ‘Some philosophers will find implausible the claim that contextualism is the cure for relativism.’
    • ‘The primary source is what scientists and philosophers have said about scientific method.’
    • ‘Some philosophers say they do not know what the thesis of determinism is.’
    • ‘German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer was one of history's great pessimists.’
    • ‘So philosophers take the risk of nihilism and existential dread because the allure of wonder is too great.’
    thinker, theorist, theorizer, theoretician, philosophizer, metaphysicist, metaphysician, epistemologist, dialectician, logician
    View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: from a variant of Old French philosophe, via Latin from Greek philosophos ‘lover of wisdom’, from philein ‘to love’ + sophos ‘wise’.

Pronunciation

philosopher

/fəˈläsəfər//fəˈlɑsəfər/