One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
as modifier Of or denoting the radical —C₆H₅, derived from benzene by removal of a hydrogen atom.‘a phenyl group’
- ‘Benzamidine bound to trypsin has a buried positively charged amidinium group and a more solvent-accessible nonpolar phenyl ring.’
- ‘The composition of peptides was determined by amino acid analysis using the phenyl isothiocyanate method.’
- ‘The long hydrophobic tail of vinyl butyrate was placed along the hydrophobic cleft of the active site, while the bulky phenyl ring was fitted on the opposite side.’
- ‘We also varied the end group of the trichlorosilyl surfactant, using an amine, vinyl, bromo, or phenyl group to provide other surfaces of differing hydrophobicity.’
- ‘Polychlorinated biphenyls are a family of 209 congeners with 2 linked phenyl rings and variable chlorination.’
Mid 19th century: from French phényle, from Greek phaino- ‘shining’ (because first used in names of compounds denoting byproducts of the manufacture of gas used for illumination).
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