One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A mildly acidic toxic white crystalline solid obtained from coal tar and used in chemical manufacture, and in dilute form (under the name carbolic) as a disinfectant.
Chemical formula: C₆H₅OH
- ‘Industrially, benzene is used in the manufacture of nylon, phenol, styrene (and by polymerization polystyrene), and cyclohexane.’
- ‘He cited examples of two key raw materials namely phenol and aniline, which are required to manufacture leather chemicals, pigments, dyestuff and rubber chemicals.’
- ‘Believing that not all samples of aniline oil worked consistently, Ziehl substituted phenol (carbolic acid) in its place.’
- ‘Alternatively, low percentages of chemicals such as phenol, menthol, and camphor can be added to moisturizing lotions for added anti-itch benefit.’
- ‘But the fungicide, voronate, phenol and possibly ethyl acetate were among the chemicals of greatest concern to the marine environment.’
- 1.1 Any compound with a hydroxyl group linked directly to a benzene ring.
- ‘Furfural reacts with phenols, ketones, and esters as an aldehyde; removal of the aldehyde group yields furan, which is converted to tetrahydrofuran, used in the manufacture of nylon.’
- ‘The warmer operating temperature of ale yeast encourages a faster, more vigorous fermentation that creates aromatic compounds known as phenols and esters.’
- ‘Anaerobic metabolism of peptides and proteins by the microflora produces short-chain fatty acids and a series of potentially toxic substances including ammonia, amines, phenols, thiols, and indols 32.’
- ‘Sebacic acid can be synthesized from phenols and cresols, but castor oil oxidation is considered a ‘greener’ process.’
- ‘Berries are also high in phenols such as ellagic acid, an antioxidant that protects the body's cells.’
Mid 19th century: from French phénole, based on phène ‘benzene’.
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