Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1The process of genetically modifying plants and animals so that they produce substances which may be used as pharmaceuticals.
- ‘Recent mergers, as well as research into "bio - pharming," have erased many boundaries between the pharmaceutical and agricultural industries.’
- ‘Rissler and Ellstrand argue that pharming should be strictly limited to nonfood crops - to, say, tobacco or castor beans.’
- ‘Instead of using expensive pharmaceutical factories, advocates envisage fields of GM crops being harvested to reap new medicines cheaply, a process known as " pharming ".’
- ‘The book will be useful for molecular biologists and protein biochemists in academia and industry with an interest in molecular pharming.’
- ‘An outgrowth of genetic engineering, the technique has been branded "pharming."’
- ‘Dubbed "pharming" by its opponents, this is the latest step in technology which allows medicines to be grown in plants.’
- ‘Earlier this year the U.S. Department of Agriculture updated its guidelines for industrial pharming, but many scientists believe these are grossly inadequate.’
- ‘"Pharming" is a new field of research involving herds and flocks of animals that are transformed into chemical factories to produce pharmaceutical products.’
- ‘Then there's what's known as pharming - the relatively new practice of using genetically altered livestock to produce proteins used in pharmaceuticals.’
- ‘Jeremy Rifkin is a modern-day Bellerophon, fighting to stop pharming - and any other research involving chimeras, for that matter.’
- ‘The genetic engineering of livestock for human medical applications is known as pharming.’
- ‘Recent mergers, as well as research into ‘bio - pharming,’ have erased many boundaries between the pharmaceutical and agricultural industries.’
- ‘For example, there has been talk about southern agriculture specializing in growing GM plants that are used by the pharmaceutical industry (so-called pharming).’
- ‘This is vital to prevent New Zealand being exploited as a 'wild west' playground for inappropriate and unethical developments like 'pharming'.’
2The fraudulent practice of directing Internet users to a bogus website that mimics the appearance of a legitimate one, in order to obtain personal information such as passwords, account numbers, etc.
- ‘As users become harder to dupe with phishing schemes, we may see a shift from phishing to pharming.’
- ‘A DNS cache poisoning attack over the weekend also highlights the potential use of DNS tricks in ' pharming ' (phishing using redirection rather than bait emails).’
- ‘Pharming is another online scam, in which hackers download 'crimeware' to the users' computer.’
- ‘Another theoretical variation on pharming is based on Domain Name System poisoning.’
- ‘Pharming attacks use DNS poisoning or domain hijacks to redirect users to dodgy urls.’
- ‘Dubbed "pharming" by MX Logic, the new attacks use malware or DNS cache poisoning to redirect users to fake sites in an attempt to steal personal data.’
- ‘Both experts agree that pharming is simply a new application of well-known security weaknesses.’
- ‘The next wave of Internet-related scams, however, may move from phishing to pharming.’
- ‘Thieves use dumpster digging, phishing, and pharming to obtain your information.’
- ‘It also has to take account of social engineering such as phishing and pharming.’
- ‘To understand pharming, you need a little background on DNS.’
- ‘The latest type of attack, sometimes referred to as pharming, redirects a victim trying to go to popular legitimate sites instead to a malicious website or a pay-per-click website.’
- ‘The trick - dubbed pharming - is potentially more sinister than phishing because it avoids the need to coax users into responding to junk email alerts.’
- ‘Now the latest cyberswindle, pharming, threatens to reel in entire schools of victims.’
- ‘"Pharming is a next-generation phishing attack," Scott Chasin, CTO of MX Logic, told Government Computer News.’
- ‘While phishing is one of the more recognisable online threats, perhaps a more serious risk is pharming, according to Henry.’
- ‘More fundamentally, the nascent threat of pharming re-emphasises the need to revamp DNS systems and domain registration that critics argue is long overdue.’
- ‘It offers complete protection against phishing, pharming, trojans, worms, spyware, adware, viruses and spam.’
- ‘Phishing and pharming (I hate cute names for criminality) are adding to the concern.’
- ‘So when I see the numbers of victims of online phishing, pharming, and 419 scams, I'm not surprised.’
1990s: pharming (sense 1) punningly after farming; pharming (sense 2) patterned on phishing.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.