A sensation experienced by someone who has had a limb amputated that the limb is still there.
- ‘Phantom limb pain, stump pain and phantom limb sensation describe the feelings of people who are missing a limb or part of a limb.’
- ‘Soon after amputation, many amputees feel the presence of a phantom limb or a feel that there is a limb where there isn't.’
- ‘Five years ago I had my left leg amputated above the knee and ever since have experienced continuous phantom limb pain.’
- ‘The phenomenon may be analogous to phantom limb pain: although there is no observable tissue damage in the area of the reported pain, the central nervous system behaves ‘as if’ tissue damage were present.’
- ‘If in addition central pain processes are active, phantom pain is experienced in the phantom limb.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.