A group of people living together in community, free of external regulation and holding property in common.
- ‘The central part of the Palace or Phalanstery ought to be appropriated to peaceful uses, and contain the dining-halls, halls for finance, libraries, study, etc.’
- ‘For them, architecture, not symbolic clothing, was central to planning the ideal community, which they called the ‘phalanstery’ (an amalgam of ‘phalanx’ and ‘monastery’).’
- ‘Fourier believed a radically egalitarian society could be organized into a confederation of communes or phalansteries.’
Mid 19th century: from French phalanstère (used by Fourier in his socialist scheme for the reorganization of society), blend of Latin phalanx band (of soldiers), group and French monastère monastery.