Definition of peshwa in US English:

peshwa

(also peishwa)

noun

historical
  • A chief minister of the Maratha princes from 1660; (usually with capital initial) any of the rulers of the Maratha kingdom, in central India, from 1713 until 1818.

Origin

Mid 17th century; earliest use found in William Foster (b. 1591), Church of England clergyman and writer. From Urdu pešwā chief, leader from Persian † pēšwā (now pīšwā).

Pronunciation

peshwa

/ˈpeɪʃwɑː/