Definition of Peru in US English:


proper noun

  • A country in South America on the Pacific coast, crossed throughout its length by the Andes; population 31,400,000 (estimated 2015); capital, Lima; languages, Spanish and Quechua.

    The center of the Inca empire, Peru was conquered by the Spanish conquistador Pizarro in 1532. Liberated by Simón Bolívar and José de San Martín in 1820–24, a republic was established. It lost territory in the south in a war with Chile 1879–83 and also had border disputes with Colombia and Ecuador in the 1930s and 1940s. Peru was troubled by revolutionary guerrilla and terrorist activity in the 1980s and 1990s