Definition of perpetual in English:

perpetual

adjective

  • 1Never ending or changing.

    ‘deep caves in perpetual darkness’
    • ‘Some labor under the delusion that Alaska is smitten with almost perpetual darkness in winter and never ending light in the summer.’
    • ‘Do Americans want to live in a perpetual state of fear and war?’
    • ‘His subjects were taught that he created the dawn of each new day, so that his death in 1994 provoked fear of perpetual darkness.’
    • ‘The sole purpose of this ‘advisory’ appears to be to maintain people in a state of perpetual fear, and also rage at their impotence.’
    • ‘It had been huge, whirling, powerful, unrelenting, with a perpetual fury against anything and everything in the world.’
    • ‘Remus, in close orbit to Romulus, is locked in an odd rotation around its sun, causing half the planet to be in perpetual darkness.’
    • ‘The stars had disappeared and now everything looked like it had been swallowed by perpetual darkness.’
    • ‘Sontag saw the consequence of living in this perpetual state of fear as ‘an unparalleled violence that is being done to our sense of reality, our humanity’.’
    • ‘The staircase became treacherous, cast into a state of almost perpetual darkness, and since the tunnel was so steep and so narrow, a slip could prove to be fatal.’
    • ‘There is no other way he could explain it; one moment he was scouting with Kat and the next he was surrounded by perpetual darkness.’
    • ‘But the writers knew that a perpetual darkness was not something that would always keep the viewers coming back.’
    • ‘If the task were left up to C. and A., the neighbors to the west, we'd be plunged into perpetual darkness.’
    • ‘If I was in fact standing, the ground beneath me was blackened by the perpetual darkness of this now empty dream.’
    • ‘Then time seemed to become an abyss a perpetual fall that would never end.’
    • ‘There are now 11.4 million legal permanent residents in the United States living in perpetual fear that their status may be in jeopardy next.’
    • ‘They were able to fly in unnoticed thanks to the cover of perpetual darkness that was provided by outer space.’
    • ‘She had a feeling that any creature who lived in perpetual darkness would probably be cranky.’
    • ‘More importantly, it is a country that exists in perpetual darkness for most of the winter.’
    • ‘Just as money can't buy love, neither can an Oscar guarantee perpetual box office success.’
    • ‘It became a costly and heavy burden for the Zionists and a perpetual source of fear for its soldiers and settlers.’
    everlasting, never-ending, eternal, permanent, unending, endless, without end, lasting, long-lasting, constant, abiding, enduring, perennial, timeless, ageless, deathless, undying, immortal
    constant, permanent, uninterrupted, continuous, unremitting, unending, unceasing, persistent, unbroken
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[attributive]Denoting a position, job, or trophy held for life rather than a limited period, or the person holding it.
      ‘a perpetual secretary of the society’
      • ‘Their intention is, to crush all opposition, to their personal, perpetual world rule.’
      • ‘The overall winner will receive £2,000 and a perpetual trophy.’
      • ‘There is a perpetual trophy and 200 euros for the best overall float.’
      • ‘If Maeve is crowned Queen of the Land she will win a perpetual trophy, a substantial prize fund and a weekend for two in the Bridge House Hotel.’
      • ‘Medals and trophy presentations will be very much part of the day while a perpetual trophy for the best area will also be presented’
      • ‘Polly receives $150 for winning the award, while Richmond River High School was presented with the perpetual trophy.’
      • ‘A perpetual trophy depicting the Children of Lir is to be awarded to the winning student each year and will be displayed in their school for the next 12 months.’
      • ‘The Rotary Club of Corsham is planning to sponsor perpetual trophies for some of the town's sports clubs for the centenary landmark.’
      • ‘Winners will receive perpetual cups and trophies.’
      • ‘As well as receiving two certificates, which she is to place on the wall of her shop, Catherine also received three trophies, two of which are perpetual trophies.’
      • ‘For the fourth consecutive year and for the seventh time in the past nine years the County Carlow Darts championship perpetual trophy rests in Ballon.’
      • ‘The winner of the perpetual trophy, which recognises the school with the most awards, went to Churchtown National School.’
      • ‘If this trend continues, looks like Trish might be taking home the perpetual trophy this year.’
      • ‘The ladies Cup, for which yachts competed at Rosses Point at the weekend is reputed to be the oldest perpetual trophy in the world for which sailors still compete.’
      • ‘The under-14 quiz team from Brosna arrived home bearing gold medals and the Colum Mooney perpetual trophy after coming first in Ireland out of 50 teams.’
      • ‘There was a competition within each grade with a perpetual trophy at stake and small cups for the winners with placed dancers receiving medals.’
      • ‘The winners will receive a perpetual trophy and go forward to compete in the ESB All - Ireland Debating series.’
      • ‘The winner will receive the Michael Collins Youth Award perpetual trophy and will represent Waterford in the Regional Final later in the year.’
      • ‘According to Clark, an unrestricted market with absolute and perpetual land titles is sufficient to allocate land efficiently and distribute rent fairly.’
      • ‘The region's golfers can play alongside the national sportspeople plus have chance to win the perpetual trophy and a number of individual prizes.’
    2. 1.2(of an investment) having no fixed maturity date; irredeemable.
      ‘a perpetual bond’
      • ‘Under the agreement, the government will issue special bonds called perpetual promissory notes to the central bank to cover the loans.’
      • ‘In valuing equation, i should be the U.S. government perpetual bond yield representing the risk free rate for an infinite time horizon.’
      • ‘First, the most obvious example is the Internet bubble where the majority of enterprises have no economic value whatsoever without perpetual financing.’
      • ‘The national debt is really perpetual debt, and perpetual debt has characteristics that make it different from normal debt.’
      • ‘The main tax benefits of establishing a perpetual trust accrue not to the donor or anyone she knows, but to beneficiaries whom the donor has never met - the unborn.’
      • ‘Lenders being more fair and truthful in their practices helps consumers who need to make minimum payments avoid perpetual debt.’
      • ‘Those bonds issued by building societies that subsequently floated on the stock market are referred to as perpetual subordinated bonds (PSBs).’
      • ‘Suppose that the Argentine government issued perpetual bonds that paid an annual dividend equal to one ten-billionth of Argentine GDP, payable in pesos.’
      • ‘A final and vital flaw in a market-basket dollar is that Gresham's law would result in perpetual shortages and surpluses of different commodities within the market basket.’
      • ‘In credit card years, the debt is perpetual, thanks to interest-rate games, hidden fees, and low minimum payments.’
      • ‘There was the TMT bubble, where countless technology companies soared in value as investors fantasised over perpetual profit growth.’
      • ‘But issuing open-ended preference shares with fixed coupon rates would be more in the nature of perpetual bonds.’
      • ‘In the 1970s, the concept of perpetual government debt was still a relatively new idea in the United States.’
      • ‘These perpetual deficits are now on the verge of spiraling out of control, and only a blind optimist would discount the potential for a serious dollar accident.’
      • ‘Indeed banks issue perpetual bonds that have no maturity date.’
      • ‘Their particular PIBS thus became perpetual subordinated bonds (PSBs).’
      • ‘The triumph of the funding system and its corollary of perpetual debt is undeniable.’
  • 2Occurring repeatedly; so frequent as to seem endless and uninterrupted.

    ‘their perpetual money worries’
    • ‘It is the essential nature of work to be perpetual, repetitive, habitual.’
    • ‘The seemingly compassionate phrase, ‘Don't worry,’ eases few people of their perpetual worries.’
    • ‘What's less clear is whether that application growth is itself driven by the falling cost of bulk disk capacity and by the perpetual need to do more for less money.’
    • ‘It is not ready for the federal election and is a perpetual worry.’
    • ‘Neglected to an extreme, he is in an emotional state of perpetual and chronic traumatic stress - a state of alienation and self-annihilation.’
    • ‘Many of the small and shrinking group of health researchers in Pakistan work in a state of perpetual despondency, frequently with little access to policymakers and planners.’
    • ‘There are no tests for a start and no perpetual worries over league table places.’
    • ‘In some cases even wards such as teachers who are supposed to look after children abuse them and many parents are now in perpetual worry over the safety of their children.’
    • ‘Now he took his anger out on all three of them, including Summer, whose poor grades and frequent partying were perpetual sources of disappointment.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, there remained that perpetual money question.’
    • ‘And I was appalled at the recurrent, perpetual mistakes that had been made by the international community of nations when it comes to Third World debt.’
    • ‘What with their incessant, continual, never ending, perpetual and stop-less demands for financial assistance I see only one clear course of action.’
    interminable, incessant, ceaseless, endless, without respite, relentless, unrelenting, persistent, frequent, continual, continuous, non-stop, never-ending, recurrent, repeated, unremitting, sustained, round-the-clock, always-on, habitual, chronic, unabating
    View synonyms
  • 3(of a plant) blooming or fruiting several times in one season.

    ‘he grows perpetual carnations’
    • ‘He grows perpetual carnations, a laborious and painstaking business, putting a collar on each one to prevent it from splitting before a show.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French perpetuel, from Latin perpetualis, from perpetuus continuing throughout from perpes, perpet- continuous.

Pronunciation:

perpetual

/pərˈpeCH(o͞o)əl/