One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1(of a cell wall) parallel to the surface of the meristem.
- ‘Superficially it appears to be a periclinal chimera with a chlorophyll-deficient mutation in the second layer of the meristem.’
- ‘Ornamentation of the periclinal walls could be used to discriminate four morphological types.’
- ‘Guard-cell walls parallel to the root surface are considered periclinal.’
- 1.1 (of cell division) taking place by the formation of periclinal walls.
- ‘Most parenchyma cells continue to divide by periclinal divisions.’
- ‘Moreover, in sun leaves, anticlinal and periclinal divisions occur almost synchronously.’
- ‘They also report the absence of periclinal cell divisions at the base of the mutant awn.’
- ‘This process is initiated by anticlinal and periclinal divisions of a few callus cells only.’
- ‘In a number of species, regardless of their wall formation type, new periclinal cell divisions may occur when the tapetum differentiates.’
Late 19th century: from Greek periklinēs ‘sloping on all sides’, from peri- ‘around’ + klinēs ‘sloping’ (from the verb klinein).
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