Definition of perennate in English:

perennate

verb

[NO OBJECT]Botany
  • (of a plant or part of a plant) live through a number of years, usually with an annual quiescent period.

    • ‘The soil was maintained at 60% field capacity for 6-8 weeks, until plants produced 3-4 new stems from the perennating structure.’
    • ‘The nitrogen from this source has been shown to be extensively reutilized in the synthesis of proteins in seeds and perennating organs.’
    • ‘This is especially true for individuals growing in dense shade, where they seldom reach the reproductive phase before the above-ground parts die at the end of the flowering season, while the rhizome perennates.’
    • ‘Fructan occurs in many economically important species, for example, in the vegetative tissues of the temperate forage grasses and cereals and in the perennating organs of chicory, artichoke, asparagus, dahlia, and the onion family.’
    • ‘Individuals of V. palmensis, like those of other Viola species, can be maintained in a population for a long time as a result of the perennating root system.’

Origin

Early 17th century: from Latin perennat- continued for many years (from the verb perennare) + -ate.

Pronunciation:

perennate

/pəˈrenāt//ˈperəˌnāt/