One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1Extremely poor; poverty-stricken.‘a penurious old tramp’
poor, as poor as a church mouse, poverty-stricken, destitute, necessitous, in penury, impecunious, impoverished, indigent, needy, in need, in want, badly off, in reduced circumstances, in straitened circumstances, hard up, on one's beam-ends, unable to make ends meet, underprivileged, penniless, without a sou, moneyless, bankrupt, bust, insolventView synonyms
- ‘Unlike the penurious English king, Louis provided substantial financial support for full-time investigation.’
- ‘He had grown up in a penurious middle-class family, and it was the middle class and the official world which predominated in his sketches, stories, and plays.’
- ‘Once some penurious student has finished loading up a piece of art into her van, it immediately gains in value.’
- ‘This, as you might appreciate, presents many problems for a man with the soul of a tortured and penurious poet.’
- ‘The garish festivities are set in one of the world's most penurious places.’
- 1.1 Characterized by poverty or need.‘penurious years’
destitute, poverty-stricken, impoverished, indigent, penniless, insolvent, impecunious, ruined, pauperized, without a penny to one's name, without two farthings to rub together, without two pennies to rub togetherView synonyms
- ‘One promising effort is intended to increase the low personal savings rate in the U.S., which could doom many people to a penurious retirement.’
- ‘But then again, memory is cheaper than at any time I've ever known it, and 1 GB of RAM is affordable by all but those in the most penurious of situations.’
- ‘He is encouraged by the fact that the penurious state of the game is forcing Scottish clubs to offer greater opportunities to youngsters.’
- ‘She never recovered from the Great Depression and lived a penurious existence to the end.’
- ‘His poems continuously make us understand the penurious effects of genocide in communal riots.’
- ‘Was the students' act bordering on something like savagery when they took advantage of the workers' penurious state?’
- ‘Your plan to spend everything you have and more as soon as possible seems a certain recipe for a penurious old age.’
- ‘A comparable case is that of Iraq, where in spite of the weekly strikes by the U.S. and Britain and the penurious condition of the country, has still not thrown in the towel.’
2Parsimonious; mean.‘a tight-fisted, penurious boss whose wage scale is well below other bandleaders’
mean, miserly, niggardly, parsimonious, penny-pinching, close-fisted, cheese-paring, scrimping, grasping, greedy, avaricious, scrooge-like, ungenerous, illiberal, closeView synonyms
- ‘It is rather penurious reasoning too, knowing what we know about the geo-strategic priorities of the United States at this conjuncture.’
Late 16th century: from medieval Latin penuriosus, from Latin penuria ‘need, scarcity’ (see penury).
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