Definition of pending in US English:



  • 1Awaiting decision or settlement.

    ‘nine cases were still pending’
    • ‘He claimed few people had realised the significance of the inspector's pending decision.’
    • ‘With the party leadership preoccupied with the elections the decision on his successor is pending.’
    • ‘By now the number of drink driving cases pending locally runs decisively into three figures.’
    • ‘However, they've just been hastily reinstalled pending further legal decisions.’
    • ‘Three staff members tested negative for influenza A, while the results for the remaining two were pending.’
    • ‘Wait until after the opposition has passed later on Wednesday before making a final decision on a pending matter.’
    • ‘That path would not be open to him under pending legislation to deny benefits to illegal aliens who lied to get work.’
    • ‘The team has also applied for a U.S. patent on the technology; that decision is pending.’
    • ‘As long as this litigation was pending, uncertainty hovered over innovation like a dark cloud.’
    • ‘A court is to decide Tuesday whether he should remain in jail pending trial.’
    • ‘A decision from that court is pending as to how much of a role a court could claim, if any.’
    • ‘The motions seek the court's approval to dismiss all the cases as a result of a pending settlement.’
    • ‘The convention and the agreement containing the amendments remain pending in this committee.’
    • ‘My decision with respect to costs shall be reserved pending receipt of written submissions from the parties.’
    • ‘The only way to question pending decisions is by debate before the decision has been made.’
    • ‘He concluded that pending settlement, or trial, the proposed move was not in the children's best interests.’
    • ‘A post-mortem examination was due to be held on Tuesday and an inquest will be opened and adjourned pending inquiries.’
    • ‘The Archbishop did not reveal if further settlements were pending.’
    • ‘The rise is also due to the settlement of several pending claims, said a senior official.’
    • ‘A decision is pending at the present time and further review is also available by the Supreme Court.’
    unresolved, undecided, unsettled, unconcluded, uncertain, awaiting decision, awaiting action, undetermined, open, still open, hanging fire, in the air, up in the air, in limbo, in the balance, on ice, in reserve, in abeyance, ongoing, awaiting attention, outstanding, to be done, undone, not done, unattended to, unfinished, incomplete, left, remaining
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    1. 1.1 About to happen; imminent.
      ‘with a presidential election pending, it would be wrong to force the changes through now’
      ‘the pending disaster’
      • ‘And he says there is a pending ecological disaster as the weed smothers river life.’
      • ‘Some members of Congress are bracing for what they say is a pending man-made financial disaster.’
      • ‘The upside is that having a plan actually makes my life less stressful even when there are no pending disasters.’
      • ‘Now let's hope that that pending date falls on the near side of soon.’
      • ‘Without a precautionary approach, regulatory action might have been delayed pending more compelling evidence of a risk of harm.’
      • ‘The offer is technically still pending but expected to go through.’
      imminent, impending, about to be, about to happen, forthcoming, upcoming, on the way, coming, approaching, looming, gathering, prospective, near, nearing, close, close at hand, in the offing, in the wind, to come, -to-be, anticipated, expected
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  • Until (something) happens or takes place.

    ‘they were released on bail pending an appeal’
    • ‘The men, however, had been released from custody last June, pending the appeal.’
    • ‘The inquiry was believed to focus on establishing whether he had been paid for the locum work while he was on full pay pending an appeal against his dismissal.’
    • ‘When they were released pending a prosecution appeal, they immediately fled the country.’
    • ‘A drunk driver has been bailed pending a police investigation.’
    • ‘They agreed to give him sick leave until Monday, pending his return.’
    • ‘All penalties were suspended pending a crown court appeal.’
    • ‘In the event, I have decided that there should be a grant of bail in this case pending the hearing of the appeal or earlier order.’
    • ‘He was granted bail last May pending the outcome of his appeal.’
    • ‘He served six weeks before he was granted bail pending an appeal.’
    • ‘The defendant may have been granted bail pending the preparation of reports, and absconded.’
    • ‘He was jailed for two months, but was released on bail pending his appeal.’
    • ‘He was set free on Police bail pending his second trial on the original charges.’
    • ‘The editor and the publisher have pleaded not guilty and were released on bail pending a hearing in May.’
    • ‘He was released on police bail last night pending further inquiries.’
    • ‘He was granted conditional bail pending pre-sentence reports and will be sentenced on September 12.’
    • ‘He sought bail from that court pending the hearing of his appeal.’
    • ‘It is very unusual to grant bail pending a matter in the Court of Criminal Appeal.’
    • ‘He was charged with intimidation or assault of a flight crew and detained pending a bail hearing on Friday.’
    • ‘The four people arrested in connection with the assault have been bailed by police pending further inquiries.’
    • ‘This is an application for bail pending the hearing of an application for special leave.’
    awaiting, waiting for, until, till, before, until there are, until there is
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Mid 17th century: anglicized spelling of French pendant ‘hanging’.