Definition of patronage in English:

patronage

Pronunciation: /ˈpatrənəj//ˈpātrənəj/

noun

  • 1The support given by a patron.

    ‘the arts could no longer depend on private patronage’
    • ‘The social respectability of science attracted the patronage of wealthy and influential figures.’
    • ‘But due to lack of finance and patronage, the students lost interest in the art.’
    • ‘But cooperatives also look to their members for necessary support, patronage and direction.’
    • ‘Evidence of this philanthropic attitude can be seen all over this country in the very large number of Victorian public buildings built with private patronage.’
    • ‘That sort of sponsorship or patronage I should say, just goes way back.’
    • ‘Exploration, however, depended upon private patronage despite theorists imploring that maritime expansionism should be state-sponsored.’
    • ‘Both encourage government patronage of the arts.’
    • ‘As an artist I rely upon the support and patronage of a public audience; I rely upon my words and images being seen as I created them.’
    • ‘It enjoyed no government funding and no guarantee of private patronage.’
    • ‘Private patronage was scarce and was dominated by expatriates and a small bourgeoisie.’
    • ‘The West maintained a system of state, industrial, and private patronage.’
    • ‘He wanted to be taken seriously as a composer and attract the patronage of the powerful, but he also delighted in showing-off in front of audiences.’
    • ‘Reed's generous patronage of contemporary American artists was exceptional in the early nineteenth century.’
    • ‘The artists can get their funding the old fashioned way… through private patronage.’
    • ‘Without the patronage of readers like you at home, none of this would be possible.’
    • ‘The first exhibition devoted to the collection formed by the Queen Mother reflects her interest in and patronage of contemporary artists from the 1930s onwards.’
    • ‘The aim is to encourage patronage, so that access is improved and road congestion and environmental impacts are reduced.’
    • ‘Poor patronage for the art had forced the artistes to take up alternative employment for a living.’
    • ‘Thank you for your continued patronage, input, and support.’
    • ‘Your support and ongoing patronage is very much appreciated.’
    • ‘Of course, philanthropy and patronage have always played a primary role under capitalism, and even earlier.’
    sponsorship, backing, funding, financing, philanthropy, promotion, furtherance, help, aid, assistance, support, guaranty, encouragement, championship, advocacy, defence, protection, guardianship, aegis, auspices
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  • 2The power to control appointments to office or the right to privileges.

    ‘recruits are selected on merit, not through political patronage’
    • ‘Leaders of other parties have powers of patronage and can select their own people in positions.’
    • ‘At the same time its patronage and its power were greatly extended.’
    • ‘Even though royalty no longer holds the power of life and death, they still hold the power of patronage.’
    • ‘If he could not succeed himself, his whole political framework of support and patronage would be interrupted.’
    • ‘This belief was most evident in his use of royal patronage and in his appointments of councillors.’
    • ‘That's a tall order, especially without the kind of patronage the possibility of power provides.’
    • ‘He or she will also have considerable patronage in making appointments to groups, including the police authority.’
    • ‘She dominated the distribution of court patronage and her political influence increased as the years progressed.’
    • ‘Imperial authorities also used their powers of patronage or appointment, the mechanisms of taxation, and the provision of public works, to the same end.’
    • ‘Two decisions, both reeking of political patronage, were most important in influencing the control of Australia's media.’
    • ‘Ancient assemblies such as the House of Lords are predicated on men's power, patronage and personal dominion.’
    • ‘The crowning reform in Britain in the 1850s was the abolition of appointment by political patronage in favour of competitive examination.’
    • ‘In return for common contributions, the subjects of all the kingdoms should have equal access to offices and patronage.’
    • ‘In most states it is a one-time appointment, and a form of political patronage.’
    • ‘Such cheating and corruption thrive due to political patronage and the complicity of the authorities who are supposed to protect the citizen's interests.’
    • ‘Over-zealous political patronage, greed and power are behind the latest saga, no doubt.’
    • ‘A cynical politician who believed in the power of patronage, he knew almost everyone of importance in Scotland and how to appeal to their self-interest.’
    • ‘This degree of control over the inheritances and marriages of the wealthiest people in the kingdom meant that the king's powers of patronage were immense.’
    • ‘In the past the civil service was used as an employment office for political patronage.’
    • ‘The film highlights the immense power and patronage of the church.’
    power of appointment, right of appointment, favouritism, nepotism, partisanship, partiality, preferential treatment
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  • 3A patronizing or condescending manner.

    ‘a twang of self-satisfaction—even patronage—about him’
    • ‘Without a hint of patronage or condescension, he shows how both characters are victims of circumstance.’
    condescension, patronizing, deigning, stooping, disdain, disrespect, scorn, contempt, mockery
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  • 4The regular business given to a store, restaurant, or public service by a person or group.

    ‘the direct train link was ending because of poor patronage’
    • ‘Many restaurants were reluctant to participate in this study, believing it might interfere with customer patronage or employee service.’
    • ‘At the time we were aboard, there was a small but well selected book collection, which included children's books, that attracted considerable patronage.’
    • ‘The Transport Secretary also claimed there had been substantial increases in bus patronage, including in Leeds.’
    • ‘In these circumstances, the appropriate bus priority treatment may be analysed using the predicted traffic conditions and bus patronage levels.’
    • ‘Loyalty programmes work on the basis of providing rewards to customers in return for their continuing patronage.’
    • ‘Public transport patronage in Sydney and Melbourne more than quintupled between 1890 and 1930 but slumped in the 1930s.’
    • ‘I need to prepare for a new chapter in my coffee shop patronage.’
    • ‘My own patronage of his shop has been steadfast over these 27 years since that initial purchase.’
    • ‘Its proven client patronage is clearly stronger than ever.’
    • ‘Immigration has enriched the range of restaurants, and restaurant patronage is rising.’
    • ‘But like all service industries, whether subsidised or not, its ultimate survival depends on patronage.’
    • ‘The rows of motorbikes parked in front of the toddy shop betrays its large patronage among the yuppie crowd.’
    • ‘A picket outside the casino earlier this month attracted about 80 people and resulted in a loss of patronage.’
    • ‘The store, clearly overwhelmed with new customers, had a sign on the door that limited patronage to just 10 customers at a time.’
    • ‘In order to encourage ongoing patronage of a particular store, loss-leaders tend to be products that consumers buy frequently.’
    • ‘Tom was a very hardworking person who worked the land and his haulage business enjoyed the patronage of a wide clientele over the years.’
    • ‘Instead patronage increased only at a rate of between 2 and 4 percent annually.’
    • ‘The loyalty scheme would reward only online customers for their patronage, persuading those who don't buy online to test the water.’
    • ‘Casters and carvers depended on commercial patronage.’
    • ‘Still, while many downtown galleries are challenged by their isolation, they still manage to attract a healthy patronage.’
    custom, trade, business, commerce, trafficking
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  • 5(in ancient Rome) the rights and duties or the position of a patron.

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French, from patron protector, advocate (see patron).

Pronunciation:

patronage

/ˈpatrənəj//ˈpātrənəj/