Definition of pathology in English:



  • 1The science of the causes and effects of diseases, especially the branch of medicine that deals with the laboratory examination of samples of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes.

    • ‘The field of forensic pathology investigates sudden, unnatural, unexplained, or violent deaths.’
    • ‘The provision of perinatal and paediatric pathology services is a sign of an enlightened society.’
    • ‘Formaldehyde is used widely as a tissue preservative in pathology laboratories and embalming services.’
    • ‘In British Columbia, pathology laboratories are required by law to report all newly diagnosed cancers to the Registry.’
    • ‘In paragraph 1 he gives details of his experience in forensic medicine and pathology.’
    • ‘The learning objectives include those related both to general computing and to pathology informatics specifically.’
    • ‘The question of what constitutes a diagnostic error in anatomic pathology should be addressed.’
    • ‘Science itself was a new, fragile discipline at this time: experimental physiology, pathology, and pharmacology first flourished in Berlin and Paris in the 1820s.’
    • ‘Several aspects of practice and their effect on surgical pathology consultations were studied.’
    • ‘The last part of the book recognizes the increasing importance of molecular pathology and genetics.’
    • ‘The instinctive personal preference and familiarity with formalin is an important factor in diagnostic surgical pathology.’
    • ‘The tissue specimens were interpreted by the pathology departments of the respective participating centers.’
    • ‘He received many awards and prizes and was president of five medical societies of pathology and ophthalmology.’
    • ‘The hacker gained initial access through a Linux system in the hospital's pathology department.’
    • ‘Experts in anaesthesiology, pathology, gynaecology and radiology are particularly in demand.’
    • ‘Some hospital clinical and pathology departments hold regular audits of deaths.’
    • ‘Six anatomic pathology reports were selected to cover a range of specimens and complexity.’
    • ‘An understanding of the traditional photographic work flow in anatomic pathology is essential to designing a successful digital imaging solution.’
    • ‘With slight modification, the questions are organized here into 15 topic categories within pathology informatics.’
    • ‘What happens to a bullet once it is turned over to the pathology department?’
    1. 1.1Medicine Pathological features considered collectively; the typical behavior of a disease.
      ‘the pathology of Huntington's disease’
      • ‘The problems won't be resolved until scientists get a firmer grip on the pathology of the disease.’
      • ‘Although reduction of mtDNA is a critical factor in type 2 diabetes pathology, the question remains as to the nature of the original insult.’
      • ‘Semiquantitative analysis of lung pathology confirmed these changes.’
      • ‘If the only evaluation is a semen analysis, underlying pathology can be missed.’
      • ‘A causal mechanism and the potential reversibility of lung pathology await elucidation.’
    2. 1.2Medicine A pathological condition.
      ‘the dominant pathology is multiple sclerosis’
      • ‘Many pathologies were recorded from the remains, such as evidence of poor nutrition, poor dental hygiene and a life of physical, repetitive work.’
      • ‘All had cerebral atrophy, but none had intracranial vascular pathology on magnetic resonance imaging examination.’
      • ‘This section reviews the emerging knowledge on the role of DCs in several major lung pathologies.’
      • ‘Underlying rotator cuff pathologies should be treated before injection.’
    3. 1.3Mental, social, or linguistic abnormality or malfunction.
      ‘the city's inability to cope with the pathology of a burgeoning underclass’
      • ‘Social scientists, using modern research techniques, now had it in their power to use the state to prevent social pathologies from emerging.’
      • ‘The patient was referred to speech pathology and for psychological counselling.’
      • ‘And I think it has led to a lot of the social pathologies that we see in the United States almost 30 years later.’
      • ‘It's also being applied to the correction of speech pathologies.’
      • ‘History teaches us that populism has recurring pathologies; it is especially important to recognize and counteract them.’
      • ‘My effort, in talking about the pathologies of public opinion, is to root the criticisms in well-established realities of public psychology.’
      • ‘Far from virtue, this is pathology, behavior that serves neither the self nor others.’
      • ‘Others who don't have that degree of pathology might just need behavioral weight loss treatment.’
      • ‘School drop-outs, juvenile delinquency, and gang wars were symptoms of underlying social pathology.’
      • ‘Despite its lack of an evolutionary perspective, the book has some value for specialists interested in the pathologies of individual belief.’
      • ‘There is the belief that functional brain scanning can individuate mental pathologies in the living brain.’
      • ‘I do think that mental pathologies can be written, and I think that prose fiction is a particularly good way of doing it.’
      • ‘Economic and social development as twin goals of the developmental state cannot take place under the pathologies of greed, tribalism and incompetence.’
      • ‘To me, outsourcing is a symptom that we have pathologies in our economic system that we must solve.’
      • ‘The state associations for speech-language pathology and audiology also maintain listings of licensed and certified therapists.’
      • ‘This, I think, helps explain some modern liberal and leftist pathologies.’
      • ‘Others point to long-enduring pathologies of American foreign policy.’
      • ‘Globalism gratifies the same mental pathologies as Marxism and is therefore perfect for disillusioned intellectuals looking for a new home.’
      • ‘At the time, many cities seemed consumed with social pathologies like illegitimacy, crime, and drug addiction.’
      • ‘All these moralistic pathologies are likely to impinge on individual liberty and economic efficiency.’


Early 17th century: from modern or medieval Latin pathologia (see patho-, -logy).