Definition of paternal in English:

paternal

adjective

  • 1Of or appropriate to a father.

    ‘he reasserted his paternal authority’
    • ‘Needless to say, social life is charged with signs that affirm the paternal authority of those in power.’
    • ‘He's a father, and he takes his paternal responsibilities seriously.’
    • ‘His paternal authority is a relic of his younger and stronger days.’
    • ‘Those students who reported high levels of paternal / father acceptance and warmth did significantly better in school.’
    • ‘He himself is a father and yet, despite his best efforts, his paternal instincts are weird to the extreme.’
    • ‘The father's education also may be associated with levels of paternal involvement.’
    • ‘How can we free ourselves from this sense of paternal authority which is both intrusive and reassuring?’
    • ‘Another measurement of paternal effort is the intensity with which the father defends his offspring.’
    • ‘The young mother's parents and other female relatives can equally determine paternal involvement.’
    • ‘This item explores if expectant fathers perceived their own fathers as anxious in their paternal role.’
    • ‘However, her father, exercising every paternal instinct and right, ordered her out of the boat straight away.’
    • ‘Her status in law compared with an adult son still living in his father's house, under paternal authority.’
    • ‘I doubted that my father would but I waited anyway, just to see if I was right in my speculations about my fathers paternal instincts.’
    • ‘Western tradition dictated that that authority should be paternal.’
    • ‘Similar to early work in the U.S., no study on paternal involvement has been done using data collected from fathers themselves.’
    • ‘He has to provide an authoritative, paternal perspective without being dismissive of the disparate viewpoints enclosed.’
    • ‘These results suggest that paternal expectations motivate fathers' behavior.’
    • ‘Few studies examine paternal involvement among nonresident and low-income fathers.’
    • ‘Support from the adolescent father's parents may be a particularly important influence on paternal involvement.’
    • ‘Through the modalities of education and support, young fathers may advance in both their level of paternal involvement and their own development.’
    on one's father's side, patrilineal, patrimonial
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Showing a kindness and care associated with a father; fatherly.
      ‘my elders in the newsroom kept a paternal eye on me’
      • ‘His style with the crews is almost paternal, strong yet fair.’
      • ‘He denies feeling more paternal towards the dancers these days, but owns up to " avuncular".’
      • ‘Mason patted her on the arm, a strangely paternal gesture, and sauntered past her father with barely a tip of his hat.’
      • ‘Playing with the kids made me feel very paternal.’
      • ‘There was this strange feeling inside him as he held her, almost paternal, but not quite.’
      fatherly, fatherlike, patriarchal
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2attributive Related through the father.
      ‘his father and paternal grandfather were porcelain painters’
      • ‘Her paternal grandfather settled in Singapore more than 70 years ago.’
      • ‘This general interest evolved from my active pursuit in mapping my family's genealogy, most specifically my paternal grandfather's branch of the family.’
      • ‘Max's paternal grandfather was a member of the Red Army and had to carefully hide the fact his wife's parents had been landowners.’
      • ‘Iraqi Arabs have very long names, consisting of their first name, their father's name, their paternal grandfather's name, and finally their family name.’
      • ‘It was the fashion that the first son was named after the paternal grandfather and the second after the father and so on.’
      • ‘I used to figure that my weight was inherited from my paternal grandfather, who also was skinny.’
      • ‘Yesterday, the twins' paternal grandfather spoke of the family's anger and confusion at the treatment of the children.’
      • ‘My paternal grandfather was killed three months before my father was born who in turn was killed three months before my first birthday.’
      • ‘My paternal grandfather died when my father was 3.’
      • ‘Architecture comes naturally to him as a family profession, inherited from his paternal grandfather who was the curator of Taj Mahal and an architect.’
      • ‘His maternal grandparents travelled to the US from Emly, while his paternal grandfather hailed from Killoch in Co Down.’
      • ‘My paternal grandfather came over from England.’
      • ‘And his paternal grandfather wasn't exactly a role model, either.’
      • ‘Seth's father, three uncles, and paternal grandfather, along with a number of cousins and subsequent generations of relatives, were carpenters.’
      • ‘My parents and my mom's parents are the ones that haven't divorced - even my paternal grandfather divorced once before meeting my grandmother.’
      • ‘I'm certain it had something to do with his paternal grandfather's three tours of duty there.’
      • ‘One of the villagers showed him an old-fangled film projector which his paternal grandfather had requisitioned to show movies to the villagers.’
      • ‘Late in life, my paternal grandfather developed Alzheimer's.’
      • ‘Of his paternal grandfather, David, who died three years before Ian was born, he knew almost nothing, and it was to the far north that he headed in search of answers.’
      • ‘My paternal grandfather actually helped build the old part and then after it was built, got a job weaving and he was here all his life.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from late Latin paternalis, from Latin paternus ‘fatherly, belonging to a father’, from pater ‘father’.

Pronunciation

paternal

/pəˈtərnl//pəˈtərnl/