Definition of past participle in English:

past participle


  • The form of a verb, typically ending in -ed in English, that is used in forming perfect and passive tenses and sometimes as an adjective, e.g., looked in have you looked? and lost in lost property.

    • ‘Conversely, ‘copyright’ is often misspelled as ‘copywrite’ and its past participle written as ‘copywritten’.’
    • ‘Although the noun and the past participle elf-schot are identical in form, their grammatical functions are different, and they must be considered separately.’
    • ‘Election comes from electus, the past participle of the Latin verb eligere ‘to choose’, and the adjective elect meaning ‘chosen’ has also become a part of the English language.’
    • ‘Those are words which are used to describe a state of immunity in respect of things which are then expressed with adjectival past participles, any advice furnished, anything done, omitted to be done.’
    • ‘Thus, in all verbs the preterite and the past participle were the same and ended in ed.’
    • ‘When its past participle passed into English in the 16th century as the verb capitulate, it still held this meaning and it did not become the more specific ‘make terms of surrender’ until the 17th century.’
    • ‘You know,’ he begins with a wry smile, ‘when I asked my English teacher the past participle of the verb to tear, she hesitated, then promised to look it up for me.’’
    • ‘The same is true of an adjective distinguished from a past participle: an agèd man as opposed to aged 30; a learnèd professor as opposed to learned English quickly.’
    • ‘The past participles affectus and effectus got borrowed into English (perhaps with passage through French) as affect and effect.’
    • ‘Both of them have a raft of irregular preterites and past participles, suggesting long standing confusion.’
    • ‘However, when studying German I was taught some grammar: so I thus learned the difference between a past tense and a past participle, and the difference between the nominative and the accusative cases.’
    • ‘Moreover, shut, in slam the door shut, might well be regarded as derived from the past participle of the verb shut.’
    • ‘It is the past participle of the verb consommer, meaning to consume or accomplish or finish, and indicating in this context a ‘finished’ soup as opposed to a simple stock or broth.’
    • ‘Well, you are quite right: if you count auxiliaries to the past participle, the third principal part, it is almost 30.’
    • ‘It is the past participle, used adjectivally, of the verb striegeln.’
    • ‘The past participle stem for pat - was pass -, from which an adjective stem passiv - was derived.’
    • ‘Challenges become threats, pop heroes become corpses and present tense becomes past participle.’
    • ‘I don't remember previously noticing this, but for me the idiom go it alone is extremely limited in its contexts of occurrence: there can be no tense inflection on go, nor past participle inflection.’
    • ‘The word ‘tradition’ comes from the Latin traditio, and before that from the past participle of the verb tradere, which means ‘to deliver,’ in the sense of carrying something across, from one place to another.’
    • ‘There are about 24 verbs in English that have identical past participle, preterite, and plain form.’