Main definitions of pass in English

: pass1pass2

pass1

verb

  • 1Move or cause to move in a specified direction.

    [no object] [no object, with adverbial of direction] ‘he passed through towns and villages’
    ‘the shells from the Allied guns were passing very low overhead’
    [with object and adverbial of direction] [with object] ‘he passed a weary hand across his forehead’
    ‘pass an electric current through it’
    • ‘Last year, more than 125,000 paying members of the public passed through its gates.’
    • ‘She turned and walked slowly away, passing under the light of the lamps.’
    • ‘The silence was broken by the engine of a park ranger's orange van passing along the footpath.’
    • ‘We reached the marketplace where we did our weekly shopping every Sunday morning, passing between the hospital on the left and the public baths on the right.’
    • ‘We passed by apples trees filled with bright red fruits.’
    • ‘The victim was shot in the stomach at close range with a hand gun but the bullet passed through his body narrowly missing his vital organs.’
    • ‘A car passing along the street came to a halt.’
    • ‘Geoff said people will get the best view at about midnight each night when Mars passes directly overhead.’
    • ‘During the eclipse, the moon passed between the sun and the Earth, leaving a bright rim of fire.’
    • ‘A police patrol passing along the road at 2 a.m. became suspicious as they were constantly being preceded by a van.’
    • ‘Three masked men reached a first floor office on Sunday night after passing through at least one checkpoint as well as corridors and rooms secured by coded keypads.’
    • ‘He was passing along the road after the shooting and noticed the body before anyone else had come to investigate.’
    • ‘You travel along the coast and have some great views of the scenery, passing through several towns along the way.’
    • ‘She moved along the edge of the cliff and he passed along the rocks to get closer.’
    • ‘A shiver passed along her body.’
    • ‘Calmly curious, they cruise right up to us before passing gently overhead, circling back for a series of fly-bys.’
    • ‘As we passed along the road that led in to Hudsons Field, the first runners were already coming out and we broke into applause, cheering them on.’
    • ‘As noted elsewhere in your site, boats cannot pass under low bridges.’
    • ‘The airport is predicting it will see 330,000 passengers pass through the terminal by Sunday.’
    • ‘He said that he recalled something being thrown off the yacht as it passed between the pier and the other yacht.’
    go, proceed, move, progress, make one's way, travel, drive, fly
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Change from one state or condition to another.
      ‘homes that have passed from public to private ownership’
      • ‘But if the copyright is not worth even $1 to the owner, then we believe the work should pass into the public domain.’
      • ‘Iron has the property of readily passing from one valency condition to the other, as connects iron with the rhythmic breathing process.’
      • ‘At the least, it suggests how a building passes through stages of public recognition and can be changed quickly by events affecting it.’
      • ‘As she swam, she could see the shadows on the ocean floor slowly growing longer as day passed into night.’
      • ‘The tram system passed from private to public hands in February 1909 when York Corporation took it over.’
      • ‘His paintings pass easily from the public to the private sphere.’
      • ‘Before it became a hotel, it passed between various departments including Customs and Excise.’
      • ‘We show that channels pass through a dilated condition with altered selectivity as they are becoming defunct.’
    2. 1.2North American euphemistic Die (used euphemistically)
      ‘his father had passed to the afterlife’
      • ‘His father passed away when Todd was only 4 and so he didn't have much memory of his dad.’
      • ‘His father had passed away, and he was having a lot of trouble grieving and dealing with that.’
      • ‘His father-in-law Jimmy passed away this morning after a long illness.’
      • ‘The play opens on the eve of Catherine's twenty-fifth birthday, just days after her father has passed away.’
      • ‘When his father passed away, he returned to the area to help out his mother and be near his family.’
      • ‘My father, who passed away some twenty-five years ago, was one of the foremost ear, nose and throat specialists.’
      • ‘At the age of six his father passed away leaving his mum, Helen, to bring up four young children.’
      • ‘Sadly, Lily's mother and father have passed away, so she will walk down the aisle on the arm of her brother, Philip.’
      • ‘I have been in close proximity to many people of various ages and conditions as they have passed from this life.’
      • ‘He has been caring for his mother, Maria, now 85, since his father passed away.’
      • ‘His life changed when his father passed away and left a him a small locksmith's workshop.’
      • ‘His father passed away about 10 years ago; the household is run by his mother.’
      • ‘A year after his family set up home again in the Highlands his father passed away suddenly.’
      • ‘Nathaniel's father passed away when he was only eleven, and was never around much when he was alive.’
      • ‘His sister and father passed away while he was in prison.’
      • ‘She fell ill and within seven days passed away in her father's arms.’
      • ‘After my father passed away, my sisters got married, but I told my mother I didn't want to get married so soon.’
      • ‘My father passed away but before he passed he told me to go ahead and make another movie because he could see how depressed I was.’
      • ‘Sadly, my father, Roy, passed away in August 2001 after a two-year battle with cancer.’
      • ‘Life was difficult after her father passed away in 1946 and eventually the family farm was sold.’
  • 2[with object] Go past or across; leave behind or on one side in proceeding.

    ‘she passed a rest area with a pay phone’
    ‘the two vehicles had no room to pass each other’
    [no object] ‘we will not let you pass’
    • ‘I would be only too pleased to have bicycles passing my front door rather than noisy, speeding vehicles.’
    • ‘We passed the Greenbank station and went down to the railroads shops just a mile or two down the road.’
    • ‘The journey is always brightened up for me by the miniature golf course we pass along the seafront.’
    • ‘Just as I was making my move and passing the table I tripped and fell, lunch tray and all.’
    • ‘He passes his brother and moves towards center stage.’
    • ‘Upon discovering it was empty the group moved on, passing portraits and tapestries far too grimy to be determinable.’
    • ‘When the traffic finally started to move, I passed an embankment on the right hand side of the motorway which was covered with grazing sheep.’
    • ‘You'll be more likely to enjoy and understand the weird places you end up if you know how you got there and what you passed along the way.’
    • ‘They apologised for blocking the road and let me pass, slowly crunching snow under my tyres.’
    • ‘All drivers have to do to pass each other safely is to stay on their side of the road.’
    • ‘I am still moved every time I pass the old neighbourhood where I lived.’
    • ‘The sun had been up for an hour or so when I passed the Seattle city limit sign.’
    • ‘After passing a few side roads, Bastian pulled into her driveway and stopped the car.’
    • ‘The tour will start on the Victoria Embankment of the Thames, near Blackfriars Station, and pass the Houses of Parliament.’
    • ‘To Clark's surprise, when he passes them, the director's hand reaches out to flag his attention.’
    • ‘In October 1999, a train passed a red signal departing Paddington Station in London.’
    • ‘For a while, Heather wandered with no purpose or direction, passing apartment buildings and rows of small shops.’
    • ‘Whenever I pass the old drive-in cinema south of the Heavitree Gap, I get a melancholy feeling.’
    • ‘The walk up the stairs took no time at all, Kyle started to move slower as they passed Jenny's room.’
    • ‘Before we moved here I passed this junction twice a day for the last 12 years and I never saw an accident.’
    1. 2.1Go beyond the limits of; surpass; exceed.
      ‘this item has passed its sell-by date’
      • ‘At some point the limit of acceptable risk has been passed.’
      • ‘You shouldn't eat any food product that has passed its 'use by' date.’
      • ‘Changes in the market started way back when the Nasdaq passed its peak last year.’
      • ‘I hear that there is peace that passes understanding… there for the taking.’
      • ‘On the plus side the group has already passed its peak capital investment on the network.’
    2. 2.2Tennis
      Hit a winning shot past (an opponent)
      • ‘He chased down every drop shot and passed Nastase with ease.’
      • ‘The 19-year-old Spaniard began blasting returns at her feet when she wasn't passing her altogether.’
      • ‘He saves the first with a fine backhand volley but is passed by his opponent on the next.’
      • ‘He began the finals last week in his customary way of drawing Richards, the best volleyer in the world, to the net so that he could win points by passing him.’
  • 3[no object] (of time or a point in time) elapse; go by.

    ‘the day and night passed slowly’
    ‘the moment had passed’
    • ‘After the goals the game slowed to a crawl and the minutes passed agonisingly slowly for Aberdeen.’
    • ‘The minutes passed slowly, for some reason no one spoke, and everyone waited.’
    • ‘The rest of the day passed slowly and uneventfully, but later that night the weather seemed to be clearing up.’
    • ‘Time just passes so quickly, it's unbelievable.’
    • ‘However, as the days passed everyone went on with their daily lives as if nothing had ever happened.’
    • ‘The rest of the time passed quickly without incident.’
    • ‘Six months have passed, yet the public has seen little improvement in the bureaucracy.’
    • ‘A week had passed since the ball, and already Angelie was bored.’
    • ‘At one restaurant we went to, more than an hour passed between ordering and receiving our main courses.’
    • ‘The boat starts to feel more like a prison and time passes very slowly.’
    • ‘Maybe it is just me, but somehow when I was in school, time seemed to pass more slowly.’
    • ‘Minutes passed before the public address system crackled back into life again.’
    • ‘Time passes slowly when we are bored or in pain; time vanishes when we are having a good time.’
    • ‘A moment of silence passed and he slowly lowered his arm, as if he had thought better of it.’
    • ‘The evening passes agonisingly slowly.’
    • ‘I was glad that there was no clock to tell me exactly how slowly the time was passing.’
    • ‘It appears that the group has decided to go public, now that a few weeks have passed.’
    • ‘The next few moments passed in a blur.’
    • ‘The night passed peacefully without any trouble.’
    • ‘The weeks passed slowly, but I never had a moments rest to think about anything.’
    elapse, go by, go past, proceed, progress, advance, wear on, slip by, slip away, roll by, glide by, tick by
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1Happen; be done or said.
      ‘not another word passed between them’
      [with complement] ‘this fact has passed almost unnoticed’
      • ‘I was still aware of what had passed between us earlier even if he wasn't.’
      • ‘The protests did not pass unnoticed within the government parties.’
      • ‘Anything that passed between you and them about this case is confidential.’
      • ‘It seems reasonably clear that something passed between them on the subject.’
      • ‘This weekend had been the longest the two of them had spent solely in the other's company, and barely a full conversation had passed between them.’
      • ‘Whatever had passed between them outside was private, and we didn't pry further.’
      • ‘Harriet had constantly reassured her that she was cool with whatever passed between them.’
      • ‘I wondered what had passed between them to make them so wary of one another.’
      • ‘The jury did not know anything of what had passed between them.’
      • ‘I had no idea what had passed between the two, but the negative vibe was stifling.’
      • ‘He seemed to know what had passed between them, but didn't say anything further about it.’
      • ‘Little conversation and less counsel passed between the two groups of soldiers.’
      • ‘Even now, after all that passed between us, I think what he told us was basically true.’
      • ‘Selfishly speaking, I am almost tempted to let this state of affairs pass unremarked.’
      • ‘Something else had passed between them, she felt sure of it.’
      • ‘But try as she might, Kate couldn't find out exactly what had passed between them.’
      • ‘And yet, how can any writer allow this centenary to pass unremarked?’
      • ‘The sparkle in Kit's eyes was back in full force, a reminder of all that had just passed between them.’
      • ‘I was left to just look at him, not sure as to what had just passed between us.’
      • ‘Something had passed between him and James, though she wasn't sure as to what it was.’
    2. 3.2[with object]Spend or use up (a period of time)
      ‘this was how they passed the time’
      • ‘The old man had moved to Mount Akum a decade ago, keeping to himself, occasionally fishing to pass the time away.’
      • ‘The mistresses lead easy and extravagant lives by local standards, passing the time between trysts by playing mah-jong, eating out and shopping.’
      • ‘We passed the night in a shelter that let in all the rain.’
      • ‘Without television, radio, or books, the bath was one way to pass the cold winter days.’
      • ‘When I was awake I passed the time by munching on bags of sweets.’
      • ‘We'd been out sightseeing all day, and passed the evening with friends, working our way through one of those long French dinners.’
      • ‘The villagers pass the long winter nights by listening to stories.’
    3. 3.3Come to an end.
      ‘the danger had passed’
      • ‘The pain from the blow would pass but the pain from the word stayed with him forever.’
      • ‘Once the danger has passed, the emergency services would tell people to go outside into the fresh air.’
      • ‘Some of these conditions are mild and will pass quickly with minimum treatment, others are more serious and need specialised care.’
      • ‘When all danger of frost has passed, then they can be planted out in their final location.’
      • ‘But that sensation passes and then he realizes that his skin is his prison.’
      • ‘They holed themselves up until the danger had passed.’
      • ‘Alexander still held her arm cautiously, but he soon let go, sensing that the danger had passed.’
      • ‘The issue has waited until well after electoral danger has passed before emerging.’
      • ‘Once the thrill of its discovery had passed, Peter got onto the business of exploring the place a little better.’
      • ‘After frost danger has passed, set out seedlings or plants in well-drained soil in full sun.’
      • ‘The plan was to run into my room and shut the door, until all the possibility of danger had passed.’
      • ‘The vibrant football that ushered in the start of the season has long since passed and is in danger of becoming a distant memory.’
      • ‘When all danger of frost has passed, prune down to the firm, green area of each stem or branch.’
      • ‘He knew the greatest danger had passed.’
      • ‘Remember that half-hardy and tender plants should not be planted out until all danger of frost has passed.’
      • ‘All of them were still a little panicky, but now that the danger had passed, they were settling down.’
      • ‘But geologists said if a tsunami has not been sighted within three hours local authorities could assume the danger had passed.’
      • ‘They had to gather and at least confirm that the danger had passed first.’
      • ‘He announced that he believed the danger had passed.’
      • ‘Traffic was backed up for miles until the fire died down and the danger of explosion passed.’
  • 4[with object] Transfer (something) to someone, especially by handing or bequeathing it to the next person in a series.

    ‘your letter has been passed to Mr. Rich for action’
    ‘please pass the fish’
    [with two objects] ‘he passed her a cup’
    • ‘Most family businesses suffer as they are passed from generation to generation.’
    • ‘In addition, wealth is passed from one generation of the wealthy to the next.’
    • ‘A trade that has been passed down for generations came very close to extinction in the late Nineties.’
    • ‘The stories are passed from generation to generation, often in the form of songs.’
    • ‘The newspaper's findings have now been passed to the Trade and Industry Secretary.’
    • ‘There is no limit on the value of business assets that may be passed to a child in this way.’
    • ‘The secret arts of the Egyptians were passed orally from one generation to the next.’
    • ‘He filled three cups from a large flask, passing them round and drinking a long draught from his own, before introducing himself as Seth.’
    • ‘If you haven't received an invite, let me know, and I'll pass one along.’
    • ‘I've learned some things about sorting out my home archives that I will pass along to students in my database course.’
    • ‘We know how tempting it can be to indulge in listening to or passing along a juicy rumor.’
    • ‘Please pass this information on to anyone you know who may be interested.’
    • ‘The curd tart recipe has been passed down for many years and is a closely-guarded secret.’
    • ‘The disease could not be passed between humans and was easy to cure if caught early enough.’
    • ‘If you're fed up paying too much for petrol, please pass this message on.’
    • ‘Will you please pass the salt, I don't think these French fries were salted.’
    • ‘Tales of mermaids in these parts have been passed down over the years.’
    • ‘Enmities between rival factions - and even families - are passed down the years, and some go back a century or more.’
    • ‘He will provide a display of traditional techniques that have been passed down through the years.’
    • ‘Since manic depression is hereditary, did his parents go through a phase of feeling guilty for passing along the gene?’
    hand, let someone have, give, hand over, hand round, reach
    View synonyms
    1. 4.1[no object]Be transferred from one person or place to another, especially by inheritance.
      ‘infections can pass from mother to child at birth’
      ‘if Ann remarried the estate would pass to her new husband’
      • ‘He presumes that everything would pass to me and that I would have no Inheritance Tax liability.’
      • ‘It is well known that cells from the blood of the foetus can pass to the mother during pregnancy.’
      • ‘It was agreed in the event of either death the estate of the deceased would pass to the survivor.’
      • ‘If he were to die as well, then the throne would have to pass to Emmalie, his horrible little sister.’
      • ‘If a car is not removed when requested the cost of collection is now likely to pass to the owner/owners involved.’
      • ‘Pigs carry a variety of viruses, and some viruses pass from pig to offspring.’
      • ‘Both landlord and tenant have legal estates which may pass to others on sale, by way of gift or under the rules of testate or intestate succession.’
      • ‘My other brothers were well situated and had given their birth-rights up, so it would pass to me.’
      • ‘The French throne did not pass to his son, as he had hoped, but to Louis XVIII, the brother of Louis XVI.’
      • ‘The problem is that when the second spouse dies their joint assets pass to the next generation minus just one inheritance tax allowance.’
      • ‘Joyce stipulated that, in the event of Nora's death, his estate was to pass to their children.’
      • ‘The taco shop would pass to heirs untaxed, just as the vast majority of small businesses do.’
      • ‘In the second half of 2005, the EU presidency will pass to the UK.’
      • ‘They had no children, but it is understood that the hall will pass to another family member.’
      • ‘As Mrs Bennet complained, it was cruel for the estate to pass to a Mr Collins ‘whom nobody cared about’.’
      • ‘This goes against the widely held belief that the disease could not pass to different species of animals.’
      • ‘The family has now decided to end its 130-year link with the house, and a duty of care will pass to the next purchasers.’
      • ‘Co-ordination of the forests will pass to the Forestry Commission after this time and the cash will help prepare for the transition.’
      • ‘All or a portion of the cash you inherited can pass to your daughters without being treated as a gift as long as you sign a disclaimer.’
      • ‘Infections have been known to pass to other athletes via both routes.’
    2. 4.2(in football, soccer, hockey, and other games) throw, kick, or hit (the ball or puck) to another player on one's own team.
      • ‘We passed the ball well and responded well to giving a goal away.’
      • ‘Every coach has paired off players and had them pass the ball back and forth, back and forth, back and forth.’
      • ‘The tagged player must then pass the ball to a teammate.’
      • ‘Everybody wants to dunk and showboat, but few can make free throws or pass the ball.’
      • ‘But Todd was disappointed with only a point and felt his side should have passed the ball a lot better.’
      • ‘He picked up the ball in the inside-right position and trotted forward, although seemingly looking for a teammate to pass to.’
      • ‘He drew the cover defence to pass to Johnny McGahan who ran half the pitch to score near the posts.’
      • ‘The ball gets passed to a player who can't shoot and has never made a basket, even in practice.’
      • ‘Once a player has been tackled, they pass to a team mate.’
      • ‘He might have been better off taking his score but he elected to pass to Michael Lawlor on the edge of the square.’
      • ‘I am a great believer in players improving their ability to pass the ball.’
      • ‘We laughed and started passing a soccer ball to one another.’
      • ‘Both sides were passing the ball well and creating chances.’
      • ‘It was a joy to watch them play: they were smart and they passed the ball brilliantly.’
      • ‘If the back defender stays near the basket, pass the ball to one side or the other.’
      • ‘If one watches Brazil play soccer, they play one-touch soccer, passing the ball around to create the openings.’
      • ‘The jerseys were too similar in colour and this led to a number of mistakes when players passed the ball to an opponent.’
      • ‘He can pass the ball well and scores a lot of goals for a midfielder.’
      • ‘The game starts and the ball is passed from player to player.’
      • ‘She may opt to pass the ball out to a teammate instead of shooting it.’
    3. 4.3Put (something, especially money) into circulation.
      ‘persons who have passed bad checks’
      • ‘A counterfeit 10-dollar bill was found in Scott's wallet leading the prosecutor to charge him with attempting to pass fake currency.’
      • ‘He received three concurrent sentences of four and a half years for passing bad checks.’
      • ‘One of my earlier cases was investigating a bad cheque that had been passed at a local merchant.’
      • ‘She was given community service after admitting passing counterfeit currency.’
      • ‘When the FBI grabs him for passing counterfeit money, he cuts a deal.’
    4. 4.4[no object](especially of money) circulate; be current.
      ‘cash was passing briskly’
      • ‘Whether the money passes automatically depends on the type of joint accounts you have established.’
      • ‘The rent currently passing under the lease is £10, 660.00 per annum.’
      • ‘The amount of money passing through international currency markets has reached $1.5 trillion a day.’
      • ‘The significant difference here is that no money passed at the first meeting.’
      • ‘Does it matter that there is real money passing in some and not others?’
  • 5[with object] (of a candidate) be successful in (an examination, test, or course)

    ‘she passed her driving test’
    • ‘There is an intense pressure on them to be successful - to pass exams and tests.’
    • ‘If third-grade students did not pass the test, they would be retained in third grade.’
    • ‘Since pupils must pass an examination to proceed to the next standard there is a wide age range in some of the higher grades.’
    • ‘Often, he says, a student will pass a state test in elementary school only to fail by seventh or eighth grade.’
    • ‘During her personal development course, Jenny passed exams in food hygiene, health and safety and first aid.’
    • ‘Only a small percentage of the village pupils pass the state examination at the end of sixth grade in order to go on to high school.’
    • ‘If pupils can't pass the modern exams, the whole system has failed completely.’
    • ‘All 160 boys at St Paul's School in Barnes passed all subjects with grades A * to C.’
    • ‘Most soldiers go beyond the bare requirements of staying in shape to pass the Army Physical Fitness Test.’
    • ‘Every two years they have to take a refresher course and pass the test.’
    • ‘This year again, the percentage of candidates who passed their final exams rose.’
    • ‘Schools also have to present evidence of pupils having passed unit assessments throughout the year.’
    • ‘The students of a good teacher pass their course, graduate and settle down with good jobs.’
    • ‘A final exam score of 70 percent is required to pass the lesson and move on to the next one.’
    • ‘The best way I have found to pass exams is simply to turn up to as many lectures as possible.’
    • ‘Applicants must pass a written test.’
    • ‘Also, many states now require students to pass an achievement test in order to graduate or be promoted.’
    • ‘The inquest heard he had only recently passed his driving test.’
    • ‘In college, the goal is not only to pass the course but hopefully remember some of it for the rest of your life.’
    • ‘All secondary school pupils will have to pass tests in the basics - literacy, maths and information technology.’
    be successful in, succeed in, gain a pass in, get through, come through, meet the requirements of, pass muster in
    View synonyms
    1. 5.1Judge the performance or standard of (someone or something) to be satisfactory.
      [with object and complement] ‘he was passed fit by army doctors’
      • ‘A few days before the full mission simulation, the medical board had passed us fit for flight.’
      • ‘He had been put through a very rigorous test before he was passed fit.’
      • ‘In fact, if he is passed fit to play following his ankle ligament injury, he will suffer from a serious lack of match fitness.’
      • ‘He could be back in the senior squad if he is passed fit.’
      • ‘I have a license with the Nevada State Athletic Commission and they have passed me fit to box.’
      • ‘The leg was put in plaster and Garth had to delay his flight home until doctors passed him fit to fly.’
      • ‘He was passed fit to ride by the doctor on Saturday morning.’
    2. 5.2[no object]Be accepted as adequate; go uncensured.
      ‘she couldn't agree, but let it pass’
      ‘her rather revealing dress passed without comment’
      • ‘I wasn't going to comment on it, but the media spin was just too unbelievable to let it pass.’
      • ‘Tina narrowed her blue eyes slightly, but she decided to let it pass.’
      • ‘John recognized the mocking tone in his voice and knew that he still didn't believe him, but he let it pass.’
      • ‘Harry had been ready to let it pass, to accept his confession, and he had refused that.’
      • ‘Strange thing to say, I thought, but there was something comforting about it even so, and I let it pass.’
      • ‘The implication that he holds ownership over me makes me seethe, but I let it pass.’
      • ‘I could tell he was just trying to cut through the awkward silence that would have filled the air, so I let it pass.’
      • ‘A boy was bitten by his neighbour's dog but his parents just let it pass because they thought the boy was not seriously injured.’
      • ‘Actually, it was a couple of days back, but let it pass.’
      • ‘Of course, a lot of those mechanisms are hooked up to the Internet, but let it pass.’
      • ‘I feel that he does not believe me and although this is hard for me to accept I let it pass.’
      • ‘At first the firemen saw no humor in the escapade but finally let it pass without charging any one for turning in a false alarm.’
      • ‘Alex didn't even question how the DVD player worked and let it pass when I made instant popcorn.’
      • ‘However, by that time I was so hooked by the story that I let it pass.’
      • ‘Katherine caught the expression and was growing angry herself, but she let it pass.’
      • ‘There was a slight tension between them but Callum tried to let it pass.’
      • ‘We exchanged a look at this, but both decided to let it pass.’
      • ‘Some people are willing to let it pass and the rest of us aren't.’
      • ‘He should have remarked on this, but let it pass.’
      • ‘We could give up in disgust, forget the whole thing and let it pass.’
    3. 5.3[no object]Be accepted as or taken for.
      ‘he could pass for a native of Sweden’
      • ‘On the highway, you can get quite a thrill overtaking all those puny vehicles passing for buses.’
      • ‘Do they seriously think their nasty, sarcastic comments come close to passing as witty?’
      • ‘What we have passing for democracy, therefore, is elected dictatorship.’
      • ‘These days it's difficult to tell the difference between the babes and pretty boys passing as presenters and the pop starlets saturating their shows.’
      • ‘Eras of gender-distinctive clothing could help women disguise themselves, but passing as a eunuch was even easier - no need to lower your natural voice tone or even pretend to shave.’
      • ‘This is the opposite of passively watching corporate-sponsored TV programs with government press releases passing for news.’
      • ‘They watch the corporate owned media and accept the garbage passed as news.’
      • ‘I've picked out his gift and struggled over an appropriate note that makes a vain attempt to impart something passing for wisdom.’
      • ‘Over and over he filmed the scenario of a light-skinned women passing as white, and a dark-skinned man ignoring a women of his own shade to aspire to that wan princess.’
      • ‘We have to accept that most of what passes for knowledge cannot be proved beyond all doubt.’
      • ‘He wanted to know what I was doing in Atlanta while a comedy of errors was passing for local politics on the island.’
      • ‘There is something seriously amiss among most people passing for politicians.’
      • ‘I was in year 9 and, despite being capable of growing a passable imitation of a beard, wasn't capable of passing for 18.’
      • ‘We feel obliged to come up with something that passes as native.’
  • 6[with object] (of a legislative or other official body) approve or put into effect (a proposal or law) by voting on it.

    ‘the bill was passed despite fierce opposition’
    • ‘Laws are passed by legislatures on the basis of necessity, rather than morality.’
    • ‘The Constitution was amended to eliminate the king's power to block bills passed by parliament.’
    • ‘It is not a requirement of international law that we pass this legislation.’
    • ‘Congress quickly passed a non-binding resolution backing him.’
    • ‘My union branch committee has unanimously passed a resolution to back all the protests.’
    • ‘Laws are passed with retrospective effect, late at night with bipartisan support and virtually no debate.’
    • ‘The new law was passed despite opposition from the Health Ministry and medical community.’
    • ‘If Parliament - the body that passes the laws - does not uphold the law, how can we expect the public to have faith in our courts and our lawmaking institutions?’
    • ‘That has been the strongest, principled position against passing the bill at this stage.’
    • ‘In our system of government, he said, the legislature passes laws and then the executive interprets them.’
    • ‘Have all administrative, legal and legislative avenues to pass a law truly been exhausted?’
    • ‘The following year he passed the Trade Disputes Act, which declared general strikes to be revolutionary and illegal.’
    • ‘Other European governments are closely watching French developments as they consider passing similar laws.’
    • ‘However, I am disappointed that we could not unanimously pass this legislation today because of Democratic obstruction.’
    • ‘Parliament is expected to pass legislation approving the Prime Minister's move early this year.’
    • ‘In 1969 an Act was passed which lowered the age of all voters to 18.’
    • ‘I'd like to appeal to the Florida senators to please, please pass this new bill.’
    • ‘When the New York legislature failed to pass an emancipation law, some slaves ran away.’
    • ‘The motion was passed by 555 votes in favour and 4 against, 48 abstained.’
    • ‘It is clear that the parties are taking positions to pass this bill in its entirety.’
    1. 6.1[no object](of a proposal or law) be examined and approved by (a legislative body or process)
      ‘the bill passed by 164 votes to 107’
      • ‘While the voucher scheme did not pass Congress, the testing proposals passed both the House and the Senate.’
      • ‘It didn't pass committee without a fight.’
      • ‘A similar bill to address the digital divide already passed the Senate unanimously.’
      • ‘It already has passed the Senate and the Assembly will vote on it in late-August.’
      • ‘That plan passed the Senate but died in the House as lawmakers wrapped up work to adjourn for the year.’
      • ‘The bill was removed from the legislature's schedule, together with other bills that failed to pass committee review.’
      • ‘The bill still has to pass the House of Lords.’
  • 7[with object] Pronounce (a judgment or judicial sentence)

    ‘passing judgment on these crucial issues’
    ‘it is now my duty to pass sentence upon you’
    • ‘Accordingly, he proceeded to pass the sentences of 8 years concurrent on each count.’
    • ‘They applauded as the judge passed a mandatory life sentence.’
    • ‘Pope Clement VIII demanded that Bruno be sentenced as a heretic and the Inquisition passed the death sentence on him.’
    • ‘Although the verdict has been reached and sentence passed, all 13 defendants have the right of appeal.’
    • ‘The magistrates passed sentence after reading pre-sentence reports.’
    • ‘A jail term had to be passed to deter others.’
    • ‘Magistrates deliberated for over an hour before passing a four-month custodial sentence on the 32-year-old farmer.’
    • ‘The last two of the accused were found guilty today and the judge announced he will pass sentence on all the defendants tomorrow.’
    • ‘She passed a nine years term on each of the four offences, all to run concurrently.’
    • ‘Each member of this court would, it should be recorded, have passed a longer sentence for that offence.’
    • ‘In passing sentence the judge said that the appellant had an appalling record.’
    • ‘North Yorkshire Police have said national guidelines prevent them from commenting on the case until sentence has been passed.’
    • ‘Everything went smoothly until the judge was about to pass sentence in accordance with the plea bargain.’
    • ‘A judge passing sentence at Preston Crown Court told her she had been convicted on overwhelming evidence.’
    • ‘They passed a two-month consecutive term for the assault, with a concurrent 14 days for criminal damage.’
    • ‘On that day the Crown invited the court to proceed to pass sentence on both defendants, and to postpone the determination of a confiscation order.’
    • ‘When the sentences were passed at York Crown Court in May 2001, he walked free because of the time he had spent in custody on remand.’
    • ‘The Court also declared that only a member of the judiciary could pass a sentence and that this was out of the remit of the Home Secretary.’
    • ‘She admitted she had grave misgivings about passing such a sentence, but said she was prepared to give the defendant a chance.’
    • ‘The judicial decision must be made before sentence is passed and the decision must be made obvious by the judge.’
    declare, pronounce, utter, express, deliver, issue, set forth
    View synonyms
    1. 7.1Utter (something, especially criticism)
      ‘she would pass remarks about the Paxtons in their own house’
      • ‘He recently passed critical comments about the attitude of cotton farmers.’
      • ‘I was brought up not to pass remarks.’
      • ‘They were young guys themselves and they kept passing comments.’
      • ‘Everyone thought they had the right to pass comment and judgement on her.’
      • ‘Justine said that when in company some people had passed remarks such as: ‘Have you tried to kill yourself?’’
    2. 7.2archaic [no object]Adjudicate or give a judgment on.
      ‘a jury could not be trusted to pass upon the question of Endicott's good faith’
      • ‘In the theory of our legal system that is a matter for a jury to pass upon, not for judges, though judges have to do it in the retrospective courts of criminal appeal.’
      • ‘Instead of that, you come here now, some three years and more after the decision, seeking to have this Court pass upon it.’
      • ‘This decision was passed upon by their Lordships' House.’
      • ‘Why do we not think in terms of your right, prima facie, unless it is a very clear case, to have the matter passed upon by a jury of fellow citizens?’
      • ‘If the hypothesis is that good practice suggests that the jury should pass upon the differentiation, then procedure just has to bend to the resolution of the question.’
  • 8[with object] Discharge (something, especially urine or feces) from the body.

    ‘frequency of passing urine’
    • ‘When you pass urine, the muscular wall of your bladder contracts, helping to squeeze urine out through a tube from your bladder called the urethra.’
    • ‘He was still able to pass urine and there was no evidence of infection.’
    • ‘This may lead to lower abdominal discomfort or backache, or may press on the bladder causing symptoms such as needing to pass urine more often than normal.’
    • ‘Caffeine and alcohol make you pass more urine or irritate your bladder and give you urgency.’
    • ‘This is simply to help relax the muscles - no urine will actually be passed.’
    • ‘Chlamydia can cause pain when passing urine, long-term pelvic pain and infertility.’
    • ‘Urinary incontinence is passing urine when you don't mean to because of partial or total loss of control of the bladder.’
    • ‘Catheters are thin flexible tubes which are inserted into the bladder to allow urine to be passed.’
    • ‘The patient complained of a three year history of difficulty passing urine, being able to produce only a thin trickle of urine with straining.’
    • ‘He was released without charge after seven days but his beatings were so bad that he had passed blood in his urine and had blood in his ear canals.’
    • ‘The side-effects of radiotherapy include tiredness, a burning sensation on passing urine and early menopause.’
    • ‘It affects mainly men over the age of 45 and common symptoms include a need to get up several times in the night to pass urine.’
    • ‘‘He suffers from a bladder problem which means he has to pass urine frequently and urgently,’ he said.’
    • ‘This can cause pressure on the bladder, increasing the sensation of needing to pass urine.’
    • ‘Fifteen per cent of both men and women got up at night to pass urine.’
    • ‘She was seen a week ago complaining of being sore ‘down below’ and pain on passing urine for one week.’
    • ‘Some people also complain of tension headaches, stomach cramps and of having to get up repeatedly at night to pass urine.’
    • ‘Men may have a discharge, pain on passing urine or painful testicles.’
    • ‘Any enlargement of the prostate (cancerous or benign) can cause problems with passing urine.’
    • ‘It's important not to pass urine for at least four hours - and sometimes overnight - before a urine sample is taken.’
    discharge, excrete, eliminate, evacuate, expel, emit, void, release, let out
    View synonyms
  • 9[no object] Forgo one's turn in a game or an offered opportunity.

    ‘we pass on dessert and have coffee’
    • ‘We invited them over and they said they had to pass.’
    • ‘We passed on a sweet and ordered a second bottle of fizz instead.’
    • ‘Company after company passed because they were unsure whether to handle it as music or a book.’
    • ‘Thank you for the offer, but I think I'd better pass.’
    • ‘I had three opportunities to sell, all of which I passed on because I thought something bigger and better was coming.’
    • ‘Until some changes are made, I'm going to have to pass.’
    1. 9.1[as exclamation]Said when one does not know the answer to a question, for example in a quizzing game.
      ‘to the enigmatic question we answered “Pass.”’
      • ‘A fellow was asked a few questions on 20th Century Irish history, and he kept saying ‘pass’, to every question.’
      • ‘It is easy enough to say ‘Pass’ at once when I know that I don't know and have never known the answer to a question.’
    2. 9.2[with object](of a company) not declare or pay (a dividend)
      • ‘When the Company passed its dividend in 1867, the value of its shares fell sharply.’
      • ‘They'll have to pass their dividend.’
      • ‘It passed its halfyear dividend and turnover fell almost 30 per cent.’
    3. 9.3Bridge
      Make no bid when it is one's turn during an auction.
      • ‘The minimum bid is one, and each player in turn must either bid higher than the highest bid so far or pass.’
      • ‘If at least one bid was made, the auction ends when two players have passed.’
      • ‘Starting with the player to dealer's left, each player has just one chance to bid or pass.’
      • ‘Some play that if the first three players pass, the dealer is not allowed to pass, but must bid.’
      • ‘Each bid must be higher than the previous one, and a player who does not wish to bid can pass.’

noun

  • 1An act or instance of moving past or through something.

    ‘repeated passes with the swipe card’
    ‘an unmarked plane had been making passes over his house’
    • ‘If you have a 26-inch path and get 6 inches of snow, single passes with a snowblower will reveal the ground.’
    • ‘The wide swath means fewer passes over the target area.’
    • ‘The helicopters made several low passes over the area and both drew fire, he said.’
    • ‘If you are going to seed the lawn, you should make six to 10 passes over the area with a machine.’
    • ‘A seaplane operated by protest groups made several passes over the area.’
    • ‘Before heading for the coast I made a pass over Mt Caburn and had a look down into the quarry at the east side of it.’
    • ‘Ben flew his first eight night passes, and we departed the pattern for our side-to-side crew swap.’
    • ‘I was doing well and had even made a pass at 207.94 mph, but then I ran into a little problem.’
    • ‘The fresh bull is put through its paces by the banderillos and the matadors, who will make some passes to study its movement and pace.’
    • ‘The laser is set to the appropriate settings and a single pass is made over the entire face, including the eyelids.’
    • ‘After a number of passes around the Sun the comet becomes largely or completely de-iced and so resembles an asteroid.’
    • ‘The tractor broom with the lowest forward gear performed best and generally removed the surface in a single pass.’
    • ‘All three pictures that follow were taken today in a single pass by the satellite.’
    • ‘The trials involve the delivery of stores and up to 90 British paratroopers from a single pass.’
    • ‘In one of the tests, five 5000 lb pallets were offloaded in a single pass.’
    • ‘One of the things that gets me is that the report so far seems to suggest that the pilot took two or three passes over the area before dropping the bomb.’
    1. 1.1An act of passing the hands over anything, as in conjuring or hypnotism.
      • ‘Before the startled girl could move, the witch made a pass with her hands and muttered a spell and the girl was instantly transformed into a bird.’
      • ‘At the end of his prayer he made a pass with his hands, and suddenly his mind was filled with the image of his master, dead in his chambers.’
      • ‘As he spoke, he made a magician's pass, and a microphone appeared in his hand.’
    2. 1.2A thrust in fencing.
      • ‘He fells them with one sweeping pass of his sword.’
      • ‘He cut off the attacker's hand with a single pass, but another blade had already found his left side exposed.’
      • ‘Agrippa taught this form of shoulder thrust along with the common use of the pass.’
    3. 1.3A juggling trick.
      • ‘In this case you juggle 4 for a bit, throw a pass and then juggle 3 for a bit.’
    4. 1.4Bridge
      An act of refraining from bidding during the auction.
      • ‘The player that opened with a pass may respond by doubling the bid, in which case the usual procedure is followed.’
      • ‘The bidding ends after two consecutive passes.’
    5. 1.5Computing
      A single scan through a set of data or a program.
      • ‘In all honesty, I have yet to create a regular expression in my work without a couple of passes to get it exactly right.’
      • ‘You can also overwrite the disk with one or more passes of random data, though this additional step is not necessary.’
      • ‘The whole thing can now be done with a single pass, using a single repository and that's a big boon.’
  • 2A successful completion of an examination or course.

    [as modifier] ‘a 100 percent pass rate’
    • ‘Entrants should have five GCSE passes at grades A-C.’
    • ‘However, those figures are based on grades A to E, whereas only grades A to C count as passes in Highers.’
    • ‘She was delighted with the results and the overall pass rate of 97 per cent.’
    • ‘She scored ten passes, including an A grade in art, a B for religious education and Cs for English, science and food technology.’
    • ‘The student who relies upon lecture notes is destined to achieve, at best, a borderline pass and risks failing.’
    • ‘At 95 per cent, the overall pass rate was on a par with the national average.’
    • ‘The headteacher said that 81 per cent of the passes were A and B grades.’
    • ‘At Manchester High School for Girls the pass rate was 100 per cent.’
    • ‘Overall, the percentage of students achieving a pass has increased to 98 per cent.’
    • ‘Last year more than 21% of students attained A grade passes at A level.’
    • ‘He is now looking at just four GCSE passes as opposed to the eight high grade passes she believes he is capable of.’
    • ‘Of key interest to parents is the percentage of students achieving five or more GCSE passes at grade C or above.’
    • ‘Only two per cent of students in Wandsworth schools failed to gain a single pass.’
    • ‘He held a very careful oral examination after a student had been awarded a pass in a written examination.’
    • ‘Somehow or another I managed to get the right combination of honours and passes to be accepted at college.’
    • ‘Twelve boys achieved the incredible feat of achieving five A-grade passes each.’
    • ‘She wants to read maths at Cambridge University, for which she requires good passes in two advanced maths Highers.’
    • ‘Drivers are expected to fork out £53 of their own money to take the test which has a pass rate of just 35 per cent.’
    • ‘Overall, 85 per cent of students walked away with five GCSE passes at grades A * to C.’
    • ‘She obtained a first-class pass in her final examination.’
    1. 2.1US The grade indicating this.
      • ‘He was put forward for the exam this summer after teachers spotted his unusual ability for the subject and got a grade B pass.’
      • ‘She got four A grade passes and plans to study psychology at Lancaster University.’
      • ‘Other successes included one student who got one of the top five Law passes in the country and a group of five maths students who gained four or five grade A passes each.’
      • ‘He saw his expected grade C pass plunge to a grade U fail.’
      • ‘Fifteen students at Chislehurst and Sidcup Grammar School achieved three A grade passes.’
      • ‘He achieved five grade A passes at A level and a further two at AS level.’
      • ‘One student got five Grade A passes.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, Windermere St Anne's held true to the trend of escalating A grade passes.’
      • ‘He earned seven A * and two A grade passes.’
      • ‘This year 91.1% of the school's A-level entries achieved grade A or B passes.’
    2. 2.2British An achievement of a university degree without honors.
      [as modifier] ‘a pass degree’
      • ‘He did very poorly in his degree and had to settle for only a pass degree.’
      • ‘The University of London revealed she only achieved a pass in her degree.’
      • ‘It will also focus attention on why so many more men get a pass degree, almost right across the board.’
      • ‘They include those who come down from University with no other qualification than a pass degree and perhaps a Blue, and no prospects whatsoever.’
      • ‘He went on to Christ's College, Cambridge, took a pass degree, and became a clergyman.’
  • 3A card, ticket, or permit giving authorization for the holder to enter or have access to a place, form of transportation, or event.

    • ‘Entry to the event is free, but strictly through student ID cards or passes.’
    • ‘I take out my wallet and rifle through my collection of passes and membership cards.’
    • ‘Individual shows are $9, but weekend and festival passes are available.’
    • ‘The sentries at the main gate refused to let him enter because his pass had expired.’
    • ‘Transit passes are available to visitors attending meetings, conferences, and conventions.’
    • ‘Domestic passengers can use the touch-screen kiosks to receive a boarding pass if they have an electronic ticket.’
    • ‘Upon starting the tour, you receive a boarding pass with a name of a passenger.’
    • ‘Just this week, the first journalist blogger was granted a daily pass to White House press briefings.’
    • ‘For a fraction of the costs of a bus pass, students will get unlimited access to transit.’
    • ‘Staff directly employed by Transport for London receive a free travel pass.’
    • ‘A very distinct advantage to having a press pass is getting in before the general public.’
    • ‘A half fare bus pass is available allowing travel throughout Wiltshire and Swindon.’
    • ‘VIP passes were widely counterfeited, and double the expected number of people showed up.’
    • ‘A six-day adult lift pass costs £85.’
    • ‘Those with travel passes can now travel free on the bus.’
    • ‘Seating is limited so make sure you get your passes in advance.’
    • ‘All personnel on duty in Portsmouth for the duration of the festival will get special passes giving free access.’
    • ‘My wife and I would suffer a great loss if our bus passes were withdrawn.’
    • ‘My media pass only permitted access to the Grandstand, where the dress rules were more relaxed.’
    • ‘Half of them will soon qualify for their free bus pass.’
    permit, warrant, authorization, licence
    View synonyms
  • 4(in football, soccer, hockey, and other games) an act of throwing, kicking, or hitting the ball or puck to another player on the same team.

    • ‘He's throwing short and intermediate passes with laserlike accuracy but must improve on the deep ball.’
    • ‘He caught five passes in that game, which turned out to be his last with the Giants.’
    • ‘Scouts watch each prospect throw hundreds of passes.’
    • ‘The 50 passes he made indicate how heavily he was involved in the game.’
    • ‘He marshalled the attack, creating numerous openings with his astute forward passes.’
    • ‘Among his accomplishments was a 19-yard touchdown pass on his first play of the season.’
    • ‘Returning from injury, the loose head set the move in motion then reappeared on the wing to take a scoring pass and dive over for a fine score.’
    • ‘The players were subdued, passes went astray, and the game lost any intensity.’
    • ‘Players make mistakes all the way through the game and give the ball away with bad passes.’
    • ‘The Briton clinches the set at his first opportunity with a backhand pass down the line.’
    • ‘The home side began to launch long diagonal passes from the full backs looking to reach wide players.’
    • ‘He became reluctant to run the ball when pressured and sometimes threw ill-timed passes.’
    • ‘Even if a player under pressure makes a good pass, the ball might end up with the offense's fourth or fifth option.’
    • ‘The defense has been prone to giving up long passes late in games.’
    • ‘He's more flexible and more capable of moving and stretching for passes.’
    • ‘The game was littered with mistakes, as both sides tried to force the pass, and the ball went to ground.’
    • ‘He seemed to touch down in the corner only for the referee to rule it out, appearing to indicate that the final pass had been forward.’
    • ‘On at least two occasions, he threw passes to receivers who weren't looking for the ball.’
    • ‘He returned kicks and caught passes and ran the ball - he did everything in that game.’
    • ‘The passing was dreadful, even short passes under no pressure went astray, while the lack of real shape to the team was quite evident.’
    kick, hit, throw, shot, header
    View synonyms
  • 5informal An amorous or sexual advance made to someone.

    ‘she made a pass at Stephen’
    make sexual advances to, make advances to, make sexual overtures to, proposition, make a sexual approach to
    come on to, make a play for
    hit on, make time with, put the make on
    make love to
    View synonyms
  • 6A state or situation of a specified, usually bad or difficult, nature.

    ‘this is a sad pass for a fixture that used to crackle with excitement’
    • ‘It is a pity though that things have come to a pass where you and others feel this way.’
    • ‘It is unlikely that the situation will ever come to such a pass because good sense is ultimately bound to prevail.’
    • ‘But don't you see, my poor darling, that loyalty is a silly virtue in the pass we are in?’
    • ‘This marks a sad pass for a brand name that, while dreaded by many parents, spelled excitement to a generation of kids.’
    • ‘The record industry has reached a strange pass when it makes more economic sense to give away an entire album than to spend the money needed to persuade people to buy it.’
    reach a regrettable/bad state, reach a bad state of affairs, reach a regrettable state of affairs, be in a worrying state, be in a sad plight, be in troubled circumstances, be in dire straits
    be in a hole, be in a pickle
    View synonyms
  • 7Bridge
    An act of refraining from bidding during the auction.

Phrases

  • come to a pretty pass

    • Reach a bad or regrettable state of affairs.

      • ‘Or to put it another way, things have come to a pretty pass in England when we have to rely on the Tory Party to stand up for freedom of speech.’
      • ‘We have come to a pretty pass when Scotland's chief quango is pilloried, just because it has forgotten to apply for £32m due to it (or, rather, to the Scottish public) from the European Union.’
      • ‘Things have come to a pretty pass when the Left starts to sing the praises of nuclear deterrence.’
      • ‘‘If a 79-year-old married couple cannot feel safe in their home then this country is coming to a pretty pass,’ he said.’
      • ‘Things have come to a pretty pass when you can't even rely on our capitalists for a robust defence of black humour.’
      • ‘We have come to a pretty pass when territorial customary rights are referred to as ‘TCRs’.’
      • ‘Things have come to a pretty pass indeed when the UK's ‘human rights envoy’ disgraces herself and her party by exhibiting such naked racism toward the subjects of colonial rule.’
      • ‘Things have come to a pretty pass when a Guardian columnist has to advise the Tory party not to panic.’
      • ‘If people didn't know a perfectly ordinary bath-sponge when they saw it, things were coming to a pretty pass.’
      • ‘If we can't settle our economic differences by truly free economic bargaining without damaging seriously the United States, then we have come to a pretty pass.’
      • ‘It comes to a pretty pass when we're relying on a 17-year-old lad who's barely out of his school shorts to win games for us.’
      • ‘According to the Good Doctor, things have come to a pretty pass.’
      • ‘It is coming to a pretty pass when a woman cannot walk the street without being arrested as disorderly’
      • ‘While any theatre festival should resist parochialism and embrace the international, the paucity of domestic productions, much less any new Irish writing, suggests things have come to a pretty pass for Irish theatre.’
      • ‘Things have come to a pretty pass when, under a Labour government, the fight against a new attack on trade union rights is left to a small old Labour band in the House of Lords.’
      • ‘IT has come to a pretty pass when a leading business psychologist claims Scots are so lacking in confidence that they only make the grade when they are exiled from the land that bore them.’
      • ‘The GM crops débâcle is a typical such issue; we have come to a pretty pass when even Monsanto recognises it is time to uproot itself and move to another flowerpot, but the Great Charlatan still clings to his delusions.’
      • ‘Things have come to a pretty pass when ever a Bishop and his wife cannot drive along the Queen's highway in broad daylight without being battered with stones by loitering navvies.’
      • ‘Pity about the Lions as well, as I have said before, this time last year perhaps, it comes to a pretty pass when I have to rely on the England cricket team for some sporting success…’
      • ‘It came to a pretty pass when pensioners had to preface their comments with ‘please do not shout me down’, especially when they were agreeing with the majority of those who were there.’
  • pass the baton

  • pass the buck

    • Shift the responsibility for something to someone else.

      • ‘Instead they have been engaged in the old game of passing the buck, and shifting all blame onto the civil service.’
      • ‘It seems as if government departments are playing games with us, passing the buck from one minister to another.’
      • ‘What is especially telling is the depiction of a bureaucracy unable to react, passing the buck and avoiding responsibility.’
      • ‘Have you ever noticed, ironically, that the folks who spend so much time talking about ‘responsibility’ are usually the first to try to pass the buck?’
      • ‘I don't know if it's been chief and council passing the buck or the co-manager passing the buck.’
      • ‘This is unfair and shows that a hidden tax is often a devious tax, especially when the Government passes the buck to local councils and then disclaims all responsibility for what is going on.’
      • ‘It seems to me that it is far easier to pass the buck than to take personal responsibility for our own actions.’
      • ‘It seems they keep on passing the buck - no one wants to accept responsibility.’
      • ‘The government can pass the buck to companies, and workers can abdicate all responsibility.’
      • ‘But have any so breezily dodged responsibility and so glibly passed the buck?’
  • pass one's eye over

    • Read (a document) cursorily.

      • ‘I have passed my eye over as many passages of the 'Southern Farmer and Market Gardener,' as time and circumstances permitted me to do.’
      • ‘My best friend is a libel lawyer, so I would get him to pass his eye over it as well.’
      • ‘He passed his eye over the report.’
      • ‘You can't merely pass your eyes over a page, underline a few things, and consider the job done.’
      • ‘She has agreed to pass her eye over my personal journal and point out the typos.’
  • pass the hat

    • Collect contributions of money from a number of people for a specific purpose.

      • ‘Corporates and individuals pitch in, passing the hat around, so that the target is met.’
      • ‘We'll also use the occasion to pass the hat around for a charity (to be confirmed) which is working on tsunami relief.’
      • ‘Some restaurants have plans to ignore the ban altogether and pass the hat around for the fines.’
      • ‘And in Richmond, organizers plan to pass the hat at parties and hold other fund-raisers for the US $1,000 or so needed to charter a bus.’
      • ‘So the group passed the hat at school, asking the families of the 675 kids for donations, and raised another $14,000.’
      • ‘After each performance, they pass the hat, collect what they can, and move on to the next village.’
      • ‘Celebrities are for the most part airheads, true, but they're really good at passing the hat for lobbying funds.’
      • ‘Of course, he left his unsuspecting assistant to pass the hat, and of course the money filled it to the brim.’
      • ‘We'll also be passing the hat for additional donations, so drink up and loosen your purse strings.’
      • ‘Or you can watch the show from any vantage point on the plaza and pay what you can when they pass the hat.’
  • pass one's lips

    • Be eaten, drunk, or spoken.

      • ‘He started to speak but his words fell apart before they could pass his lips.’
      • ‘The explanation is that I was drunk, though given that I was driving I should add swiftly that not a drop of alcohol had passed my lips.’
      • ‘It's 7: 00 p.m., and for the first time for more than 16 hours, food and drink is passing their lips.’
      • ‘Not a drop of alcohol passed our lips last night which was cool after lapsing on Tuesday night following Debbie's tumble.’
      • ‘A drop of alcohol has not passed my lips tonight.’
      • ‘Indeed, in a dozen years spent monitoring his progress first as shadow chancellor and then as head honcho at the Treasury I can't recall the words passing his lips.’
      • ‘This one-time party animal has also sworn off the drink, with only the very occasional drop passing his lips in recent months.’
      • ‘As darkness claims me I speak, barely conscious of the words passing my lips.’
      • ‘If you restrict your calories, ban entire food groups from passing your lips or start and end each day by standing on your head and whistling ‘Flower of Scotland’, you'll probably shift some weight.’
      • ‘I have never met a woman who doesn't like chocolate but I've met many men who claim they can go for years without it even passing their lips.’
  • pass muster

    • Be accepted as adequate or satisfactory.

      ‘a treaty that might pass muster with the voters’
      • ‘Many strongly believe he didn't pass muster at either!’
      • ‘The whole combination managed to stay on the right side of blandness, however, and just about passed muster.’
      • ‘Secondly, in spite of a fair degree of hype, it is highly improbable that there will be any sanctions or counter-measures against those countries that fail to pass muster.’
      • ‘But, to me, that explanation doesn't even come close to passing muster.’
      • ‘Still, despite his reservations, his verdict was that it just about passed muster.’
      • ‘The debate lasted nine hours and, in the end, the plan passed muster by only a single vote - 57 to 56.’
      • ‘Michael's beef olives also passed muster, judging by the satisfied silence from across the table.’
      • ‘He knew the treaty would never pass muster with the Senate.’
      • ‘Both reckoned this place comfortably passes muster and represents good value.’
      • ‘A couple of her other relatives did manage a brief visit and the house passed muster nicely.’
      be good enough, come up to standard, come up to scratch, measure up, be acceptable, be adequate, be sufficient, fill the bill, fit the bill, do, qualify
      make the grade, be up to snuff, come up to snuff, cut the mustard
      View synonyms
  • pass the parcel

    • A children's game in which a parcel is passed around to the accompaniment of music, the child holding the parcel when the music stops being allowed to unwrap a layer.

      • ‘So we spent the afternoon in isolation in our bedroom, dreaming of pass the parcel and Punch and Judy and paedophile alcoholic magicians pulling rabbits out of hats.’
      • ‘We bring in traditional games like pass the parcel and pin the tail on the donkey - but we relate them to the theme.’
      • ‘Wilde's epigrams slip from character to character like a game of pass the parcel and significant moments flutter helplessly alongside the frivolous, until it all starts to sound the same.’
      • ‘About 30 youngsters had been dancing and playing games like pass the parcel and bingo when the gunman walked in.’
      • ‘It is little wonder that we have this sort of chaos within the building industry when that is the sort of game of pass the parcel that this Labour Cabinet plays in its approach to building issues.’
      • ‘The result was that possession felt decidedly temporary, leading to a frenetic attempt to score in one phase with every use of the ball, which usually deteriorated into an unsightly version of pass the parcel.’
      • ‘The children are excited about the party and there will be plenty of fun and games, including pass the parcel and a treasure hunt, and we will also be having a visit from Father Christmas.’
      • ‘‘It was a case of pass the parcel,’ said the civil servant.’
      • ‘A game of pass the parcel developed, the loser being the diver holding the balloon when it popped.’
      • ‘After he has extracted himself from the room full of children, he is relieved to remove his hat and beard; he's feeling rather hot after the children's party games of pass the parcel and musical statues.’
  • pass the time of day

    • Exchange greetings or casual remarks.

      • ‘Another said: ‘You only see people around here when you're out walking the dog, but when you see her she always gives a big smile and passes the time of day.’’
      • ‘The market was well attended, and increasingly one sees people sitting outside under trees, passing the time of day, almost as if we were in the Continent!’
      • ‘Whether he was in his eighties or not, he was still handsome and charming, and obviously still liked to pass the time of day with a strange woman.’
      • ‘One thinks of the shopkeepers and craftsmen in and around the Agora with whom Socrates passed the time of day.’
      • ‘They passed the time of day, and chatted for a few minutes, as dozens, if not hundreds or more, students then went to their next classes.’
      • ‘A few women stood chatting in the water, only their heads showing above the rippled surface - looking as natural as old ladies passing the time of day at a London bus stop.’
      • ‘They could be valued public spaces where people can enjoy the local shops, meet with neighbours and pass the time of day.’
      • ‘It was empty except for the owner who was passing the time of day with some of his acquaintances.’
      • ‘But I think now that he was picking up information, sizing people up, while appearing to be passing the time of day.’
      • ‘They always passed the time of day and she always waved.’
  • pass water

    • Urinate.

      • ‘I told you I wanted to pass water three hours ago and you said I should wait till we got here.’
      • ‘He would cast doubt on the manliness of a player by asserting that he could only carry out the bodily function of passing water while in a sitting position.’
      • ‘A special ‘urine police’ squad is to be launched under plans to halt the damage being caused to historic buildings by men passing water on them.’
      • ‘Nowadays I need to pass water more often than before, but I'm otherwise well.’
      • ‘He was having trouble passing water, and seemed to be in some discomfort.’
      • ‘We were both passing water in to the same toilet bowl, and he was telling me in faltering English how proud he was to be part of this company.’
      • ‘Some women do get symptoms of high blood sugar, such as increased thirst, increased need to pass water and increased hunger, although these are also common later on in pregnancy anyway.’
      • ‘Most people need to pass water every three to four hours during the day and up to once or twice in the night.’
      • ‘If a urinary infection is not treated, it may spread upwards to the kidneys and damage them, so it is important not to ignore any pain or burning sensation on passing water.’
      • ‘The need to pass water is sometimes very urgent, and doing so can be painful.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • pass away

    • Die.

      ‘she passed away in her sleep’
  • pass someone by

    • Happen without being noticed or fully experienced by someone.

      ‘sometimes I feel that life is passing me by’
      • ‘We were blissfully unaware of the days passing us by.’
      • ‘If you are not accustomed to being up at this hour, it's one of those pleasures in life that is passing you by.’
      • ‘On the other hand, there was a nagging feeling that chances were passing us by - chances that were almost within our reach, but not quite.’
      • ‘For the first time I felt like life was passing me by.’
      • ‘I realised that life had been passing me by, and felt I should be enjoying it a bit more by giving myself some free time.’
      • ‘How horrible it must be to be forced to live in such a place while life is passing them by.’
      • ‘I can remember being 22 and feeling that the world was passing me by and that I was never going to make it.’
      • ‘In a fret about how life is passing us by, we feel compelled to draw up a list of all our faults and failures.’
      • ‘As ‘progress’ happens, year by year, it passes us by.’
      • ‘It feels like we are kind of standing still while the world is passing us by.’
  • pass off

    • (of proceedings) happen or be carried through in a specified, usually satisfactory, way.

      ‘the weekend had passed off entirely without incident’
      • ‘She said the event had passed off peacefully with no arrests.’
      • ‘Despite a huge police presence following months of warnings about the potential for trouble, the event passed off peacefully.’
      • ‘Buskers and street artists performed at every corner and the entire proceedings passed off without a hitch.’
      • ‘Earlier, a march by around 250,000 demonstrators had passed off peacefully but one large group set fire to government buildings.’
      • ‘An event on this scale takes a lot of preparation we're working hard to ensure it all passes off smoothly.’
      • ‘‘The night passed off without any major incident, indeed it was very quiet,’ he said.’
      • ‘Around 20 000 people turned up to this year's festivities and it passed off without any trouble.’
      • ‘It's up to me to make sure everything passes off without a hitch.’
      • ‘We will be policing this event appropriately, to make sure the rally passes off without incident.’
      • ‘Police have advised many pubs to provide plastic glasses and extra doormen to ensure the big day passes off safely.’
      take place, go off, happen, occur, be carried though, be completed, be brought to a conclusion, be accomplished
      View synonyms
  • pass something off

    • 1Evade or lightly dismiss an awkward remark.

      ‘he made a light joke and passed it off’
      • ‘It seemed as if he meant to pass it off as a casual observation.’
      • ‘When I meet him, he tries to pass it off with a joke.’
      • ‘Simpson now passes the comment off as ‘a joke’.’
      • ‘He forced a smile, hoping to pass the remark off as a mild joke.’
      • ‘He might have passed her words off as the whims of childishness but she was not alone in her condemnations.’
    • 2Basketball
      Throw the ball to a teammate who is unguarded.

      ‘he scored eight times and passed off six assists’
      • ‘Paul quickly picked up on Will's style and was able to quickly pass the ball off to his other teammates before Will could steal it.’
      • ‘That meant he would have to shoot from long range or try to drive and pass the ball off.’
      • ‘Instead of taking the ball to the hoop, for a lay-up, the guy passes the ball off and continues the offense.’
      • ‘He raised his hand in the air, signaling the offensive play, and passed it off to Rob, who had run up to the free-throw line.’
      • ‘He did a nice fake then passed the ball off to our power forward under the basket.’
  • pass someone/something off as

    • Falsely represent a person or thing as (something else)

      ‘the drink was packaged in champagne bottles and was being passed off as the real stuff’
      • ‘They are deliberately stealing someone else's words and passing them off as their own.’
      • ‘Making assumptions and passing them off as truth is a poor reflection on someone's character.’
      • ‘She took a great delight in telling everybody she spoke to that it was my birthday and even tried to pass me off as five years younger than I actually was.’
      • ‘Trading standards officers will be carrying out checks on licensed premises to make sure they are not cheating customers by passing off cheap cash-and-carry drinks as leading brands.’
      • ‘The disturbing issue is that this advertisement was passed off as a legitimate newsworthy article in the sports section.’
      • ‘Each year thousands of shoppers are being conned into buying fake Aberdeen Angus beef passed off as the genuine article by unscrupulous retailers.’
      • ‘More than a third of women admit to heating up supermarket products and passing them off as their own creations.’
      • ‘A trader has been fined £400 after passing off an ‘inferior’ car alarm as an independently approved model.’
      • ‘She passes off her mood swings as tiredness and shock due to the plane crash, but the truth is that Marc is occupying her every waking thought.’
      • ‘It says that staff in some poultry slaughterhouses commonly repackage and re-date raw chicken several times, passing it off as fresh meat.’
      misrepresent, falsely represent, give a false identity to
      disguise, dress up
      View synonyms
  • pass on

    • Die.

      ‘his wife passed on twelve years ago’
  • pass out

    • 1Become unconscious.

      ‘he consumed enough alcohol to make him pass out’
      • ‘She doesn't help matters by getting totally drunk every night and passing out, only to wake in the morning with no memory of what she's done.’
      • ‘He had been diagnosed with a brain tumour in 2003 after passing out at the wheel of his car.’
      • ‘At this point, sheer panic set in, as I was about 30 seconds from passing out.’
      • ‘It is rare that anyone can last more than 5 minutes before passing out.’
      • ‘Fortunately, my nephew has made a complete recovery and remembers everything that happened before he passed out.’
      • ‘The court heard the woman passed out and was dragged unconscious from the creek.’
      • ‘After being released on probation, he ended up passing out drunk and was picked up by police.’
      • ‘He passed out and woke up later in the recovery room, his wrists tied with gauze to the bed and gagging from the tube in his throat.’
      • ‘At the Convention Centre, people stumbled toward the helicopters, dehydrated and nearly passing out from exhaustion.’
      • ‘You're going to pass out unless you can get your breathing under control.’
      faint, collapse, lose consciousness, black out, keel over
      flake out, conk out
      swoon
      View synonyms
    • 2Complete one's initial training in the armed forces.

      • ‘Martin successfully passed out at the Royal Marines training centre in Devon.’
      • ‘He was a member of the sea cadets in Trowbridge and passed out from an officers' course before sailing out to Singapore on the aircraft carrier, Illustrious.’
      • ‘He passed out in June 2001 following a 40-week intensive training course.’
      • ‘He passed out of the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst last year.’
      • ‘Jonathon passed out of basic training last month and is now looking forward to a full army career.’
      • ‘After graduating with a BA in geography from Salford University, he joined the Royal Marines and passed out in 1996.’
      • ‘He joined the Royal Signals in 1999 after passing out from Sandhurst as the year's top academic graduate, winning him the Queen's Medal.’
      • ‘After passing out recently, he joined 42 Commando.’
      • ‘He ended up in the Territorial Army, joined the Commandos and passed out at Sandhurst as an officer in the Welsh Regiment.’
      • ‘He was the fittest recruit to pass out of training for the Royal Marines.’
    • 3(of bridge players) not play a hand because all players have passed.

      • ‘If all four players pass on their first turn to speak the hand is said to be passed out.’
      • ‘In second seat my hand looked awful to me, so I passed, and it was passed out.’
      • ‘This is passed out and Laura comes down with a 10-count including 3 hearts.’
  • pass someone over

    • Ignore the claims of someone to promotion or advancement.

      ‘he was passed over for a cabinet job’
      • ‘He was passed over for the job of Director of the State Medical Services.’
      • ‘You passed me over for promotion.’
      • ‘The technician, who claimed she had been passed over for promotion and was being paid 30% less than her male colleagues, was awarded $37,000.’
      • ‘When Bruce is passed over for the news anchorman job he covets, he turns his gaze heavenward and curses God for his ill fortune.’
      • ‘In 1947, he was passed over for the post of professor of English literature at Merton College.’
      • ‘But his severity made him unpopular with the boys and he was passed over for promotion.’
      • ‘How many times has she passed you over for a promotion?’
      • ‘You want me to pass you over for promotions and pay you less for doing the same job?’
      • ‘She was passed over time and again for pay raises and promotions.’
      • ‘Talk to the decision makers and ask why you were passed over and what improvements are necessary for you to be considered for future promotions.’
  • pass something over

    • Avoid mentioning or considering something.

      ‘I shall pass over the matter of the transitional period’
      • ‘These omissions of authors and the selectivity silently practised with included authors is to be expected, though its ramifications are passed over.’
      • ‘We were good at passing it over because your instinct is to protect an alcoholic, so you let them get away with behaviour that would be unacceptable in anyone else.’
      • ‘Indeed, in Yorkshire records at the time and subsequently, the event is passed over with scant mention.’
      • ‘One is reminded of Francis Bacon's celebrated phrase: ‘In taking revenge, a man is but even with his enemy; but in passing it over, he is superior’.’
      • ‘More important, the teacher passes over an opportunity for expanding learning when she does not respond to Emily's question about the pumpkin.’
      • ‘Certain highly sensitive subjects might be passed over for legitimate national security reasons.’
      • ‘Too often the truth is passed over in favour of pleasing advertisers and third parties.’
      disregard, overlook, ignore, avoid considering, not take into consideration, forget, pay no attention to, let pass, let go, gloss over, take no notice of, pay no heed to, take no account of, close one's eyes to, turn a deaf ear to, turn a blind eye to, omit, skip
      overleap
      View synonyms
  • pass something up

    • Refrain from taking up an opportunity.

      ‘he passed up a career in pro baseball’
      • ‘If you get the chance to see this band live, do not even consider passing it up.’
      • ‘She would never be able to forgive herself if she passed up an opportunity like this.’
      • ‘Two scoring chances had been passed up before Clarke put his side four up again with yet another remarkable point.’
      • ‘It was a once in a lifetime opportunity, so I could not pass it up.’
      • ‘Having waited so long for the chance he can't envisage passing it up.’
      • ‘As their campus minister, I had urged them not to pass up an opportunity to reach out to the poor and oppressed.’
      • ‘Surely his superiors would not want him to pass up such an opportunity.’
      • ‘Well, sir, I don't know too many men who, given the opportunity to serve on a boat like the Seaview would pass it up!’
      • ‘She would hit upon things that were such a good deal she felt she couldn't justify passing them up.’
      • ‘My grandfather has been going to the races for years, and when he got the opportunity to buy this car, he didn't pass it up.’
      fail to take advantage of, turn down, reject, refuse, decline, deny oneself, give up, forgo, let go by, let pass, miss, miss out on, ignore, brush aside, dismiss, waive, spurn, neglect, abandon
      give something a miss
      View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: from Old French passer, based on Latin passus pace.

Pronunciation:

pass

/pas/

Main definitions of pass in English

: pass1pass2

pass2

noun

  • 1A route over or through mountains.

    ‘the pass over the mountain was open again after the snows’
    [in place names] ‘the Khyber Pass’
    • ‘Police believe that Mr Johnson was trying to avoid the high mountain Alpine passes in the park, but may have been forced to attempt the route by the prevailing conditions.’
    • ‘We drove north, broken-down trucks littering the road as we travelled up to the summit of the pass through the mountain.’
    • ‘So he goes out and zooms around the mountain passes of California for a week, and I wish him a fond farewell, but I don't go on these trips with him.’
    • ‘Thus, there are prayer flags, wheels, mani stones and mantras everywhere - on the terraces of housing blocks and at the most desolate of mountain passes.’
    • ‘Rather than retrace our steps, we continued southwards, traversing the mountain down to a pass called Bwlch Tryfan.’
    • ‘By late afternoon they had reached the valley of the mountain pass and the south road.’
    • ‘What it is Off-road running on dirt tracks and mountain passes.’
    • ‘Snow levels will be dropping throughout the daytime tomorrow from above the mountain passes down to below the mountain passes.’
    • ‘The brothers travelled clandestinely through Iran, and crossed illegally into Turkey over a mountain pass.’
    • ‘The road twisted and hairpinned and climbed, but as scary mountain passes go, it was pretty tame.’
    • ‘The mountain pass is a difficult road to travel and it appears as though you are not apothecaries or wandering salesmen.’
    • ‘There were more twists and turns in the BMW International Open over the flatlands of Nord-Eichenried than on the most serpentine of mountain passes.’
    • ‘The government's weakness and Washington's fear that terrorists might set up camp in the country's mountain passes have kept it there.’
    • ‘During December and January the ground was frozen hard, and even travelling to the site over mountain roads and passes proved hazardous.’
    • ‘The best hope of that will be in July and August, when the snow will melt, as much as it ever does, and the mountain passes are at their most accessible.’
    • ‘Beware of what appear to be shortcuts on maps - these often turn out to be unpaved roads or mountain passes.’
    • ‘Soon the winter weather will close in and, in the high reaches of the Hindu Kush and Karakoram ranges, the mountain passes will be closed when the temperature drops below freezing for months on end.’
    • ‘Militants' camps have never been completely wound up and infiltration takes place after the melting of snow at the passes straddling over the mountains.’
    • ‘The mountain passes are high and demanding, the climate gives extremes of weather conditions, the infrastructure is primitive and the hidden wastelands are boundless.’
    • ‘She has breathtaking pictures of a mountain pass so high, that the clouds may be seen way down below.’
    route, way, road, narrow road, passage, cut, gap, gorge, canyon, ravine, gully, defile, col, couloir
    bealach
    notch
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A passage for fish over or past a weir or dam.
      • ‘The agency is also looking at installing a fish pass at Farington Weir to help the fish reach spawning ground upstream.’
      • ‘To add to this assurance of quality, Graham fillets each fish by hand, which allows him to monitor every single fish that passes through the Smokehouse.’
      • ‘An existing fish pass has fallen into disrepair and is not maintained, resulting in fish finding it hard to get upriver to spawn.’
      • ‘The agency will also create a new fish pass at Callis Bridge.’
      • ‘The Environment Agency stressed it was a long-term strategy and it was reviewing all the weirs in the river system to see if fish passes could be put in place.’
      • ‘Some passes produced more fish than others, but none left us empty-handed.’
      • ‘Fish were currently unable to bypass the weir because the fish pass was not operating, he said.’
      • ‘We are making alterations to the concrete wall beside the fish pass, and installing a wooden baffle to push more water towards the fish pass entrance.’
      • ‘The company was now being asked to spend £20,000 on a fish pass based largely on anecdote.’
      • ‘Fish struggling to find their way through a fish pass have been given a helping hand by the Environment Agency.’
      • ‘It said two persons were apprehended while attempting to take fish illegally at the fish pass in November.’
      • ‘They died because a fish pass was built using incorrect water levels.’
      • ‘Coffey argues that this was always possible when the existing fish pass at the Weir was properly maintained.’
      • ‘A fish pass was incorporated into the new culvert constructed over the Corroy River to allow passage for fish when river flows are low.’
      • ‘The group received funding for repairs to the stonework and other remedial repairs to the fish passes of the Cooper Salmon Fishery at Ballisodere.’
    2. 1.2US A navigable channel, especially at the mouth of a river.
      ‘Sabine Pass’
      • ‘About a dozen Iraqi trucks had emerged from the mouth of the pass.’
      • ‘When the mouth of the pass opened itself at last, a wide, craggy mouth of trees and stone, the eagle rock came into full view.’
      • ‘Other areas, we found on a coral reef we have a current coming through a passage or a pass, quite often on the edges of those passes or channels, there's less bleaching occurring.’
      • ‘One is called the Shark-hole, and the other is the channel or pass itself.’
      • ‘There are eight passes and many fine anchorages, which make up for the shortage of beaches.’
      • ‘The rank of men at the mouth of the pass trying to hold back the bulk of Kasra's army forcing its way through the valley began to crumble.’
      • ‘They would damn the river and create a water by pass.’
      • ‘Looking down from the mouth of the pass, I could see now that a lot of our members wouldn't make it before the storm broke.’
      • ‘It gets in and out of the lagoon through any channels or passes there may be in the reef.’
      • ‘The regiment stood there howling victory as the other armies ran toward the mouth of the pass.’
      • ‘By the time they reached the mouth of the pass, there was a faint dusting of snow on the ground around them.’
      • ‘There are two passes where the storm surges come from the Gulf to Lake Pontchartrain.’
      • ‘Competitors face a technical track never previously used in the Dakar that requires careful navigation through breathtaking passes and over unavoidable ergs.’
      • ‘The floods at one stage forced the famous scenic city of Guilin to close its river pass.’

Origin

Middle English (in the sense division of a text, passage through): variant of pace, influenced by pass and French pas.

Pronunciation:

pass

/pas/