Definition of paronym in English:



  • 1A word that is a derivative of another and has a related meaning.

    ‘“wisdom” is a paronym of “wise.”’
    • ‘Its adjectival paronym poneroi is used of the people of Sodom at Genesis 13: 13, while the verbal form ponereusesthe is employed by Lot to characterize the intentions of the men of the town at Genesis 19: 7.’
    1. 1.1A word formed by adaptation of a foreign word.
      ‘“preface” is a paronym of Latin “prefatio.”’
      Contrasted with heteronym
      • ‘The serene Mexican peak, however, sprawls some lava from time to time, however its Bulgarian paronym is part of the colossal play with words, which deluges the Bulgarian Orthodox homeland for an entire month already.’


Mid 19th century: from Greek parōnumon, neuter (used as a noun) of parōnumos naming by modification from para- beside + onuma name.