Definition of parent in English:



  • 1A father or mother.

    ‘the parents of the bride’
    ‘his adoptive parents’
    • ‘The lottery is a metaphor for what can happen to any parent, mother or father, and their children, at the hands of the secret family courts.’
    • ‘The court was told the defendant was suffering from delusions and believed his mother and father were not his parents.’
    • ‘The fact that the mother is the natural parent of all five children is, of course, a significant factor to take into account.’
    • ‘Born on the Virgin Islands, he was brought up in New Jersey and Florida, with his mother, her parents and his sister.’
    • ‘If you're talking about a child, you're talking about a parent, a father or a mother at the moment of absolute grief, perhaps complete numbness.’
    • ‘Most adoptive parents prefer a child between two and six months of age.’
    • ‘It applies to new fathers, adoptive parents and women who do not qualify for paid maternity leave.’
    • ‘Both Marie and Jane believe forms should be changed so that they ask for the names of parents rather than mother and father.’
    • ‘Children and parents, grandparents, singles and young adults are all equally welcome.’
    • ‘The alternative is a private arrangement with the birth mother and the adoptive parents.’
    • ‘Children can come along with their parents and meet Father Christmas.’
    • ‘My Dad's parents were actually his mother and step-father, and so my Nan had a different surname to me.’
    • ‘A child emulates its parents and if the father is a clerk it may aim to become a supervisor.’
    • ‘Both died, leaving their brother to become an adoptive parent to their children.’
    • ‘He believes what he had to say about the innocent children of the single mothers and lone parents.’
    • ‘Now the youngest victim's mother has advised other parents to warn their children to take extra care.’
    • ‘As a result, said the unnamed parent, concerned mothers and fathers have pulled more than half of the school's pupils out, leaving a student body numbering about 18.’
    • ‘Family and community, husband and wife, father and son, parent and child, were redefined in the later nineteenth century.’
    • ‘An adopted child is deemed to be a descendent of his adoptive parent or parents.’
    • ‘The emotions and experiences of birth mother, adoptive parent, and child are all embraced by God.’
    mother, father
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    1. 1.1archaic A forefather or ancestor.
      ancestor, forefather, forebear
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    2. 1.2 An animal or plant from which younger ones are derived.
      • ‘By tissue culture methods, these can then be used for the regeneration of another plant like the parent.’
      • ‘The link between contemporary groups of animals is achieved when at least one animal in a group has a common parent with an animal in another group.’
      • ‘The three propagation methods above will produce a new lily plant identical to the parent.’
      • ‘A progeny animal is one derived from sexual reproduction that has at least one cloned animal as a parent (but could result from two cloned animals mating).’
      • ‘For an animal parent to neglect its own offspring would therefore be for it to behave contrary to its nature.’
      • ‘We constructed plasmid fusions by cloning the promoter regions of the wild-type parent and the inversion mutant onto the pRS550 plasmid.’
      • ‘Acalypha wilkesiana, the Fijian fire plant, is the parent of many modern cultivars and is in itself a showy ornamental.’
    3. 1.3 A source or origin of a smaller or less important part.
      • ‘To begin with, heat must be injected into the parent rock material in order for partial melting to occur.’
      • ‘Metamorphic rock names may reflect any or all of the following: the nature of the parent rock; the grade of metamorphism and the minerals present; the texture of the rock.’
      source, origin, genesis, originator, root, fountain, cause, author, architect
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    4. 1.4often as modifier An organization or company that owns or controls a number of subsidiary organizations or companies.
      ‘policy considerations were determined largely by the parent institution’
      • ‘In Pegler's language, controllable capital employed is capital within its control as a subsidiary, as opposed to capital under the control of the parent company.’
      • ‘The parent organization is a limited liability company of General Motors and General Dynamics, located in Sterling Heights, Michigan.’
      • ‘Central Parking Systems, the parent company of Control Plus, is a US-quoted firm and one of the biggest parking enforcement bodies in the world.’
      • ‘Company Reports are available for both parent companies and subsidiary companies.’
      • ‘Most of the former TIP workers are either retired or working for other subsidiaries of the parent company.’
      • ‘Domestic laws are patchy and unevenly applied in poor countries, and TNCs can avoid prosecution by exploiting the legal separation between parent companies and their subsidiaries.’
      • ‘Managing the strategic direction of a company's facilities is the glue that binds the facility management organization to its parent company.’
      • ‘Marsh is relying on the corporate clients of its parent company to publicise its service, and expects that employees will view it as an additional voluntary benefit.’
      • ‘Will products and their parent organizations claim a right to privacy?’
      • ‘Although the Susquehanna retained its separate corporate status, it was no longer able to set lower rates and in business and operating terms increasingly became a subsidiary of the parent company.’
      • ‘China Telecom's management said on Wednesday it had no plans to acquire more networks from its parent, ruling out new revenue streams.’
      • ‘It's also a big corporate parent company that owns a lot of little local subsidiaries, including the old US West.’
      • ‘Sometimes the creditors will include the parent company or the subsidiary next up the line.’
      • ‘A possible explanation of the correlation is that a large part of trade is composed of intra-firm trade, e.g. trade between a subsidiary and its parent company.’
      • ‘In any case, such setbacks have been rare in a career that has seen the Barr group's parent company, Barr Holdings Ltd, grow from eight employees to about 1,500.’
      • ‘Most of these services are municipally organized, but some take the form of nonprofit foundations, private companies, and parent cooperatives.’
      • ‘The management contract is held by the main provider itself and not by a parent organization that controls the main provider and the provider-based entity.’
      • ‘Ravenel, who started at Liberty a year ago, will continue to consult for the company and its parent organization, Liberty Media Group.’
      • ‘The fact that these services developed at all is amazing, given the constraints of the parent companies or organizations.’
      • ‘One significant part of stability is financial stability of the parent organization.’


[WITH OBJECT]often as noun parenting
  • Be or act as a mother or father to (someone)

    ‘the warmth and attention that are the hallmarks of good parenting’
    • ‘There are also other kinds of families in this country, and the statistics from the Ministry of Social Development that have been revealed point out that 0.2 percent of families are parented by same-sex couples.’
    • ‘Finally, the finding of lack of economic consequences to the applicant resulting from a relationship where she has parented a child since 1982 is troubling as a step in determining standing to claim spousal support.’
    • ‘In Jungian theory, the personal father is the male whom the child knows and by whom he or she is parented.’
    • ‘Very often the father has left, and if he parents the boy at all, it's likely to be poor parenting.’
    • ‘This goes to his credibility and judgment, and in that sense bears on his ability to parent Jeremy.’
    • ‘Now everybody here is really focused on rehabilitation and advocating for the girls, giving them a better chance of parenting than they had of being parented.’
    • ‘Opposition parties say laws are needed urgently to deal with the issue of surrogate parenting after an Irish gay couple parented triplets through a surrogate mother in California.’
    • ‘She worried that V.C. had a number of physical complaints, which affected the way she parented her children.’
    • ‘The number of children being parented consisted of the sum of all children living in the family home.’
    • ‘Heck, some parents even took in their child's partner with open arms and parented both children.’
    • ‘Such parenting behavior has lasting effects; parents who parent poorly tend to have been parented poorly themselves, and without intervention, the cycle of substance use and poor parenting perpetuates itself.’
    • ‘Surely these boys will one day be fathers and the more they know of parenting the better they will be as parents.’
    • ‘Liz is used to working with groups of parents who ask for support with parenting their teenagers.’
    • ‘In addition, the children in these families are parented by monoracial individuals who cannot fully understand what it means to be biracial.’
    • ‘We parent in response to the way we were parented.’
    • ‘His androgyny built in me a kind of trust, later reinforced by the relationships I would have with a few very important gay men, who parented me and made me who I am today.’
    • ‘Anyone who has ever parented small children knows how difficult it is to get them to eat something they would prefer not to eat.’
    • ‘Often too the parents are severely traumatized by the experience of detention, which reduces their ability to parent their children.’
    • ‘In a recent study of substance-dependent men and women entering treatment, 20% of these adults lived with and parented a child.’
    • ‘This isn't the case, clearly, because not all families are parented by lesbians.’
    bring up, be the parent of, look after, take care of, rear, raise, nurture
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Late Middle English: from Old French, from Latin parent- ‘bringing forth’, from the verb parere. The verb dates from the mid 17th century.