Definition of parathyroid in US English:



  • A gland next to the thyroid which secretes a hormone (parathyroid hormone) that regulates calcium levels in a person's body.

    as modifier ‘parathyroid tissue’
    • ‘The larynx, thyroid, and parathyroid glands were also encased by the sclerotic, yellow tissue.’
    • ‘When the human body is deficient in vitamin D because of reduced dietary intake or inadequate exposure to sunlight, the parathyroid hormone mobilizes calcium from its stores in the skeleton to restore calcium balance in the blood.’
    • ‘The major glands that make up the human endocrine system are the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroids, adrenals, pineal body, and the reproductive glands, which include the ovaries and testes.’
    • ‘Within the neck, there are neck muscles, arteries, veins, lymph glands, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, oesophagus, larynx and trachea.’
    • ‘In practice, however, endocrine pathology has been traditionally more narrowly defined as the subspecialty that deals with the major endocrine organs, such as the thyroid, parathyroids, pancreas, and adrenal glands.’