Main definitions of palatine in English

: palatine1palatine2

palatine1

adjective

historical
  • 1[usually postpositive] (of an official or feudal lord) having local authority that elsewhere belongs only to a sovereign.

    • ‘In Chester the palatine earl had a master serjeant of the Peace.’
    • ‘An example of a palatine earl was William fitz Osbern, who was made earl of Hereford in 1066 or 1067.’
    • ‘The earls and bishops palatine were powerful men, but subjects they remained.’
    1. 1.1(of a territory) subject to palatine authority.
      • ‘Speeding down the M6, we entered the county palatine of Lancashire.’
      • ‘It also undertakes various administrative duties associated with the area of the historical County Palatine of Lancaster.’
      • ‘The county of Cornwall, although not normally reckoned a palatine county, has a similar status to Lancashire.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from French palatin(e), from Latin palatinus of the palace.

Pronunciation:

palatine

/ˈpaləˌtīn/

Main definitions of palatine in English

: palatine1palatine2

palatine2

adjective

Anatomy
  • Relating to the palate or especially the palatine bone.

    • ‘The two tonsillar pillars define the palatine tonsils anteriorly and posteriorly.’
    • ‘Figure 3 shows the needle penetrating the tissue of the palatine tonsil in an attempt to drain an abscess.’
    • ‘Symptoms of strep throat may include pharyngeal erythema and swelling, tonsillar exudate, edematous uvula, palatine petechiae, and anterior cervical lymphadenopathy.’
    • ‘The lingual artery may provide the following unusual branches: the superior laryngeal, the submental, and the ascending palatine arteries.’
    • ‘The blood supply of the palate is provided anteriorly through the incisor foramen and posteriorly through the great palatine foramen where the great palatine artery emerges.’

noun

Anatomy
  • Each of two bones within the skull forming parts of the eye socket, the nasal cavity, and the hard palate.

    • ‘The three distinct tonsillar masses include the palatine, lingual, and pharyngeal (clinically, the adenoids), which form an incomplete ring around the entrance to the throat.’
    • ‘Posteriorly, the palatine continues this shelf and restricts the maxilla to a more lateral position.’
    • ‘The palatines lie between the suborbital fenestrae, with the anterior palatine processes forming a short V-shaped wedge.’
    • ‘The palatines are dermal bones in the mid-palate.’
    • ‘No vomers or palatines are preserved in any phlegethontiid.’

Origin

Mid 17th century: from French palatin(e), from Latin palatum palate.

Pronunciation:

palatine

/ˈpaləˌtīn/

Main definitions of palatine in English

: palatine1palatine2

Palatine

proper noun

  • A village in northeastern Illinois, northwest of Chicago; population 67,080 (est. 2008)

Pronunciation:

Palatine

/ˈpaləˌtīn/