Definition of over in English:

over

preposition

  • 1Extending directly upward from.

    ‘I saw flames over Berlin’
    • ‘Lift the fish out onto warm plates and place the baking dish over a moderate flame.’
    • ‘Soaring directly over our heads, she disappears back into the main current and is gone.’
    • ‘This brings the centre of gravity directly over the right foot, which supports her weight.’
    • ‘Add olives to the pan and cook over a moderate heat until they begin to wrinkle.’
    • ‘Cook over a gentle heat for five minutes, and then add the chopped anchovies and the olives.’
    • ‘Cook over a high heat until just wilted, cool a bit, then squeeze out most of the moisture.’
    • ‘If you position your eyes directly over the ball then your eyes will always be aligned with the hole.’
    • ‘Put the yolk in a metal bowl, held close to a flame but not over it, and mix until it turns white.’
    • ‘Let it cook over a relatively low heat till the bottom has formed a golden crust.’
    • ‘We are welcomed in with open arms and hearts, and they prepare beautiful food, cooked over an open fire.’
    • ‘The meat is seared over the hottest flames, then moved to a cooler part of the fire to cook gently through.’
    • ‘For a more reliable source, you need to be directly over the clay seam where the fossils are buried.’
    • ‘Continue to cook over a low heat until vegetables are submerged in their own liquid.’
    • ‘This occurred when a new building was built directly over the top of the remains of its predecessor.’
    • ‘Melt the fat in a pan, beat the egg and milk together, add to the fat in the pan, season well and cook over a gentle heat.’
    • ‘In a large heavy pan, melt half the butter with the oil over a moderate heat.’
    • ‘Heat the oil in a large saucepan, add the leeks and bay leaves, and fry over a high heat until the leeks have some colour.’
    • ‘They were meant to be cooked the rest of the way by the diners over a flame that was brought in for that purpose.’
    • ‘Cook over a fairly high heat for two to three minutes, then add the tomatoes and juices.’
    • ‘Keep mixing the roux over the flame until the mixture comes off the sides of the pot.’
    above, on top of, higher than, higher up than, atop
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Above so as to cover or protect.
      ‘an oxygen tent over the bed’
      ‘ladle this sauce over fresh pasta’
      • ‘Mix together the salt and sugar, and rub evenly over both sides of the salmon.’
      • ‘A kind of invisible bell jar had been dropped over it, protecting it from change.’
      • ‘It was only when the council put a thick layer of clay over it that this flora was lost.’
      • ‘In case of cold weather, it would be a good idea to apply a layer of mulch over the bulbs.’
      • ‘When I stop the car for a while and switch off the engine, the silence falls like a cloak over the countryside.’
      • ‘Scatter the fresh coriander over the curry and serve with plain boiled rice.’
      • ‘Sprinkle cracker crumbs evenly over the bottom and sides, then pour in the ricotta mixture.’
      • ‘The blast from the bomb had blown out all the windows but my mother had pulled the covers over us.’
      • ‘He was on his bed with the covers over him and she thought he was asleep.’
      • ‘The cloths were laid on the ground directly over the plants and fixed with spikes.’
      • ‘I turned up to the theatre in the costume and a couple of people threw coffee over me.’
      • ‘Mix well and spray thoroughly over both sides of the foliage and onto the offending pest.’
      • ‘They have looked into loaning some covers to put over the pitch tomorrow night in case of overnight frost.’
      • ‘He innocently assumed that a steel cover placed over a drainpipe was safe to walk on.’
      • ‘Place a layer of tomato slices over the pesto then top with crumbled cheese.’
      • ‘Two engineers were then able to pull up the two covers over the damaged cable.’
      • ‘She then ran into the bedroom where her husband finally poured water over the flames.’
      • ‘They had set up a shelter over their fire.’
      • ‘Many of you suggested laying small lengths of holly over the damaged area of garden.’
      • ‘The kettle had boiled so Don poured the water over the coffee powder in the mug.’
    2. 1.2Extending above (a general area) from a vantage point.
      ‘views over Hyde Park’
      • ‘Looking over the side you would expect to see a treasure chest full of gold.’
      • ‘She looks out of the window over the parking lot and slides the tray of untouched fries away.’
      • ‘There's a large outside balcony area which faces South over the city centre rooftops.’
      • ‘He walked to the single window looking out over the front lawn and road and opened it.’
      • ‘A sunroom looks out over the vegetable garden.’
      • ‘This area has great views over the rear garden through large windows and a set of patio doors.’
      • ‘This is a gracious and welcoming house with spectacular views over open countryside.’
      • ‘Still wearing her pajamas she went onto the balcony and looked over the front lawns.’
      • ‘Even on the stormy day that we visited, the vista over some of the uninhabited islands was magical.’
  • 2Expressing passage or trajectory across.

    ‘she trudged over the lawn’
    • ‘Once changed we set off over the fell with the rain thankfully absent for the time being.’
    • ‘We headed off down Pierce's Passage and over a muddy boulder slope until we reached some cascades.’
    • ‘It was possible that a big cat could roam over a huge area.’
    • ‘Police, including six armed officers, swarmed over the area and the gangsters fled.’
    • ‘The Act, creates a new legal right to roam over areas, mapped as open land and registered common land.’
    • ‘Ranks closed and the birds swept over the estuary, rising and falling, packed together.’
    • ‘Some headed directly east: over the mountains and into the tribal areas of Pakistan.’
    • ‘Together we bounded over a meadow and parked the car on the edge of a copse.’
    • ‘A small climb up over a muddy slope gains a corner with some fine formations.’
    • ‘The more obvious route goes directly up the ridge over steep, rocky ground, though there is a path to follow.’
    • ‘Flying over vast areas of vegetation, the scale of the disaster caused by the floods begins to unfold.’
    • ‘Then it was time to go home and everyone started to drive over the newly fallen snow in their cars with the big fat tyres on them.’
    • ‘The pace picks up as the river flows swift and shallow over a rocky bed.’
    • ‘An injured climber walked for a mile over rocky terrain after falling off a cliff and breaking his arm and foot.’
    • ‘Ignore side roads as you go up the hill and over a cross roads with traffic lights.’
    • ‘Clamber over this, and follow the passage through a short canal to a rope climb up a rift.’
    across, on to, around, throughout, all through, throughout the extent of, everywhere in, in all parts of
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1Beyond and falling or hanging from.
      ‘it toppled over the cliff’
      • ‘On a perfect day, with someone on shark-watch, we had leapt over the side to go for a swim.’
      • ‘It drops over the side of the canoe as I try to store it away in a waterproof container.’
      • ‘There are five people on board and you have to decide who to chuck over the side to save the rest.’
      • ‘Wounded in the leg, he fell back over a ledge and was fortunate to be snagged by a tree.’
      • ‘They claimed they were breaching a crazy law that was forcing them to dump fish caught in their nets over the side.’
      • ‘Working on a film in St Lucia, he almost crashes a bus over the side of a ravine.’
      • ‘As it is, any adult proposing to get comfortable back there is going to have to dangle their feet over the sides.’
      • ‘Can I report a loss because I have dropped my wallet over the side of the boat on the way back from France?’
      • ‘He left the pub alone at closing time and must have fallen over the wall on his walk home.’
      • ‘Six-foot waves crash over the sides of the landing craft and several are swamped.’
      • ‘Many of the owners are given time frames of how long it will be before their homes topple over the cliff.’
      • ‘He fell 25 feet over a ledge and suffered head injuries after crashing into rocks.’
      • ‘They wrapped the first bomb in a sack and carefully rolled it over the side, where it exploded.’
      • ‘I scowled into the night, took a swig of my beer and dumped the rest over the side of the deck.’
      • ‘Cars had been crushed like balls of paper, and chucked over the side of the bridges.’
      • ‘When we moved off and dropped over the hull side, however, we found the visibility was as good as 1m!’
      • ‘Her long, brown legs were draped over the side of the boat.’
      • ‘Bait and decoys keep the sharks close to the boats, and a cage can then be dropped over the side for a diver to get a much closer look.’
      • ‘They roll him over on his side and his arm flaps limply over the side of the gurney.’
      • ‘He is splashing fish heads over the side of the boat, looking sick and out of place.’
    2. 2.2At the other side of; beyond.
      ‘over the hill is a small village’
  • 3At a higher level or layer than.

    ‘watching a television hanging over the bar’
    • ‘Sherry had another excellent chance after 27 minutes but he sent his header over the bar.’
    • ‘Byatt almost doubled his tally seven minutes later after a fine run ended with his shot whistling over the bar.’
    • ‘Just to make sure, I now usually use a second layer of bandage over the first.’
    • ‘His sweet right shot looked destined for the net but just sailed over the bar.’
    • ‘The drysuit can be worn over a layer of clothing and it keeps its wearer completely dry and warm.’
    • ‘This was done from the rear of the ranks in most circumstances, and over the heads of the shield wall of the thrower.’
    • ‘They were used and enjoyed by townsfolk who lived over their businesses and were unable to escape to a garden.’
    • ‘After a long delay, he stepped up to sky the spot-kick over the bar.’
    • ‘He whipped in a viciously dipping shot that spun just a foot over the bar.’
    • ‘A pair of tame shots by Ben Thornley that floated up and over the bar were as much as they could muster in the first half.’
    • ‘At the other end, a speculative lob from Ian Duncan dipped just over the bar.’
    • ‘His powerful shot was just over the bar.’
    • ‘He then had an opportunity to put the visitors level but he flicked the shot just over the cross bar.’
    • ‘The ball eventually came into the possession of Mike Cooper and he stuck it over the bar.’
    • ‘Then they must either transfer it quickly either over the bar or to a player in a better position.’
    • ‘He thumped a chance over the bar.’
    • ‘The volley sailed over the front rank of soldiers and fell among the battle leaders beyond.’
    • ‘The office was over a newsagent's shop in the centre of Manchester.’
    above, on top of, higher than, higher up than, atop
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1Higher in grade or rank than.
      ‘over him is the financial director’
      • ‘The first-level manager, of course, has another manager over him.’
      • ‘John had two levels of management over him.’
      • ‘He had six senior officers over him.’
    2. 3.2Expressing authority or control.
      ‘editorial control over what is included’
      • ‘Let's hope it is just a first step in giving back people control over their own lives.’
      • ‘At this time there was little or no control over speed boats by the authorities.’
      • ‘Family doctors in England are being given control over the budgets which buy hospital services.’
      • ‘However, the ship was teeming with children whose parents had absolutely no control over them.’
      • ‘He is no longer the grim dictator with the power of life and death over his subjects.’
      • ‘This structure is one which allows the spectator a degree of power over what is seen.’
      • ‘Second, it centralises that information and gives you control over what is visible to others.’
      • ‘Instead, the locals enjoy their town and impose some control over the speed of motor vehicles using it.’
      • ‘This time they will choose a government that will have real power over the direction of the country.’
      • ‘They also insist local authorities will still have some control over their own waste policies.’
      • ‘Help them to regain a sense of control over their life by offering choices and options.’
      • ‘Also, I always feel as though I have a certain measure of control over the situation.’
      • ‘However, a Ministry of Defence official says his department has no control over the plant.’
      • ‘The membership of the party have no say over the policy and direction of the party.’
      • ‘He is concerned about the local education authority losing some control over the school.’
      • ‘The charity said that women who had babies at home tended to have greater privacy and more control over the birth.’
      • ‘Britain retains sovereign rights over two areas to be used as military bases.’
      • ‘Those receiving benefits would be given control over their own training budgets.’
      • ‘What they will not put up with, however, is a lack of control over other people.’
      • ‘They seemed less stressed and they acted as if they had real control over what they were doing.’
    3. 3.3Expressing preference.
      ‘I'd choose the well-known brand over that one’
      • ‘For long distances, he prefers the bus over airliners or rail because he likes the atmosphere.’
      • ‘How could anyone prefer that over a real democracy that had evolved since the end of World War Two?’
      • ‘In the old days, we used to prefer the wider good over personal convenience.’
      • ‘It also reveals a preference for debt over equity as a means of providing external funding.’
      • ‘In terms of manufacture and for aesthetic reasons, plastics are preferred over metal.’
      • ‘None of this persuades me that my preference for poetry over politics is a wrong choice.’
      • ‘Do seed predators, floral herbivores and pollinators prefer one sex over the other?’
      • ‘The shares are best left for those who prefer hope over reality with their investments.’
      • ‘Since then the cartel has been attempting to show how responsible it is and has favoured price over volume.’
      • ‘It seems to be working as the family audience are slowly preferring it over other films.’
      • ‘Either way, give me this lot over a bunch of monosyllabic scowlers any day.’
      • ‘The choice of a sloping tiled roof over a flat roof had more to do with the local climatic conditions than with style.’
      • ‘Is care and concern always to be preferred over more emotionally detached ways of relating to others?’
      • ‘For those hoping to stay, it should be noted that their manager considers attitude over ability.’
      • ‘It is necessary to look at the grounds on which we are persuaded to prefer one theory over another.’
      • ‘The evidence that the country's people would have preferred an invasion over other options is slight.’
    4. 3.4Expressing greater number.
      ‘there was a slight predominance of boys over girls’
      • ‘Care was taken to attend showings at which the audience contained a predominance of adults over children’
      • ‘There was an excess of men over women.’
    5. 3.5Higher in volume or pitch than.
      ‘he shouted over the noise of the taxis’
      • ‘The television screen was enormous, but I had to turn up the volume to hear it over the roar of Park Lane.’
      • ‘Much of the night was spent shouting at increasing volumes over ear-splitting music.’
      • ‘Hearing him shout over a rumbling beat is one of life's singular pleasures.’
      • ‘There was some music playing in the background, which could barely be heard over the noise.’
      • ‘A confused babble of voices rose over the hubbub.’
      • ‘People crowded round the bar frantically shouting their orders over the noise of the band.’
      • ‘The noise got so loud we had to shout over it.’
      • ‘I loved it so much that I wanted to shout about it over the cacophony of the real world.’
      • ‘Rogers screamed over the noise of rifle shots ringing out through the cool, night air.’
      • ‘I shouted over the noise.’
  • 4Higher than or more than (a specified number or quantity)

    ‘over 40 degrees C’
    ‘they have lived together for over a year’
    • ‘The house, which is very elegant, had not been lived in for over four years and was slowly crumbling away.’
    • ‘As the globe warms and over a billion people live on less than one dollar a day, a global left is needed more than ever.’
    • ‘He was trapped in the car, which burst into flames, for over an hour.’
    • ‘Pensions have fallen in value by over a third since the change was introduced.’
    • ‘Water in the house reached a level of over three feet and considerable damage was caused.’
    • ‘On that basis the unemployment levels of those over forty are not reasonable.’
    • ‘Mind you, I think it was probably over thirty degrees when this was filmed earlier today.’
    • ‘In fact he supervised the production of over 30 volumes in his role as general editor.’
    • ‘The house, the entrance lodge and garden of just over an acre comprise lot one.’
    • ‘The age of some of the rocks in the area has been a subject of debate by geologists for over 150 years.’
    • ‘The shores of these islands are often sandy but temperatures over 30 degrees are rare.’
    • ‘Applicants must be over 25 and have had a clean driving licence for more than five years.’
    • ‘Most of the material is stuff we'd been playing in front of live audiences for over a year.’
    • ‘We spent a lot of time together, well over two months, and so we really got to know each other.’
    • ‘We had been together for over a year, but I left him because everything he did seemed so boring and dull.’
    • ‘In some areas of the county over half the number of fires reported are started deliberately.’
    • ‘She was born in Oxford and has lived in Ireland for over twenty five years.’
    • ‘We raise such a hue and cry when a tree is cut down, but with every heavy shower over a dozen trees fall.’
    • ‘Flood levels over three meters deep drowned cars and drove people from their homes.’
    • ‘I have friends who have lived in Thailand for over thirty years and can't speak a work of Thai.’
    more than, above, in excess of, exceeding, upwards of, beyond, greater than
    View synonyms
  • 5Expressing duration.

    ‘inventories have been refined over many years’
    ‘she told me over coffee’
  • 6By means of; by the medium of.

    ‘a voice came over the loudspeaker’
  • 7On the subject of.

    ‘a heated debate over unemployment’
    • ‘There were concerns over your level of alcohol consumption and its effect on your conduct.’
    • ‘We need joint union rallies over pensions and a serious campaign among rank and file members.’
    • ‘That has raised fresh concerns over the nation's ability to pull itself out of recession.’
    • ‘Protests were staged in Kew on Monday over fresh attempts by a phone company to put up a mast in North Road.’
    • ‘Many couples fall out over the house when they separate since it is usually the biggest asset.’
    • ‘Right now, the world is faced with a debate over how to deal with the water crisis.’
    • ‘We argue all the time, whether it's over my driving or directions or anything really.’
    • ‘The debate over the use of cannabis in medicine is controversial and emotive.’
    • ‘He has been getting a lot more aggressive recently over such trivial things as the housework and his dinner.’
    • ‘New figures show that the highest number of complaints are made over domestic noise.’
    • ‘A fresh row has erupted over the thorny issue of a northern bypass for Witham.’
    • ‘The next battles were over the first direct elections to the European Parliament.’
    • ‘The traffickers then had a gunbattle with a rival drug gang over drug selling areas.’
    • ‘Publicans are falling out over new licensing laws allowing pubs to open much later.’
    • ‘This incident raises fresh concerns over safety, and public access to the water's edge.’
    • ‘The protagonists are ex-college buddies who fell out over a girl called Betty Anne.’
    • ‘After bringing the railways to the city, he fell from grace over dodgy financial dealings.’
    • ‘There has been a strong feeling among rank and file workers to walk out over this issue.’
    • ‘MPs said it was a straight fight between the two sides over who would win approval for a new medical school.’
    • ‘There is a great deal of debate over the safety of buying on the internet.’
    on the subject of, about, concerning, apropos of, with reference to, speaking of, with regard to, with respect to, regarding, as regards, relating to, respecting, in connection with, as for, re
    View synonyms

Phrases

  • be over

    • No longer be affected by.

      ‘we were over the worst’
      • ‘Wendy has been advised to stay on HRT for only five years, when she should be over her symptoms.’
      • ‘If I can keep it up right through the weekend I reckon I'll be over the worst of it.’
      • ‘We seem to be over the stomach problems now.’
      • ‘He is now over his cold and is doing better everyday.’
      • ‘Please just strike me down here and now because I am just destined to never be over any of this.’
  • get something over with

    • Do or undergo something unpleasant or difficult, so as to be rid of it.

      • ‘I am just looking forward to getting it over with.’
      • ‘Damage was minimal and despite my irritation and extreme annoyance, my only goal was to get the formalities over with, get back into my car and go home.’
      • ‘They made everyone stand up at staff meetings in order to get them over with quickly.’
      • ‘He wanted to get the whole thing over with.’
      • ‘I suppose it was a good idea to get it over with quickly.’
      • ‘I just confessed and pled guilty and got it over with.’
      • ‘We shopped at a leisurely pace in the supermarket, browsing and thinking rather than madly grabbing the same products as last week in order to get it over with.’
      • ‘It was a case of just getting it over with and looking forward to next season.’
      • ‘While this often seems like a good way of speeding up a painful process and getting it over with, it is certainly no aid to communication or good public speaking.’
      • ‘I think he got it over with quickly because he hated auditions, just like me.’
  • over against

    • 1Adjacent to.

      ‘over against the wall’
      • ‘He spied three familiar figures hunched over against the wall.’
      • ‘A teacher who had joined the insurgents keeled over against him and whispered, ‘There is no god but God ‘, before dying.’’
      • ‘A voice called out, telling them to settle down, and they seated themselves on a mismatch of assorted chairs, a couple perching themselves on barrels and bales over against the wall.’
      • ‘The bed that was in the center of the room was now over against the left wall.’
      • ‘Instead it stands over against this process like a mirror held up to it.’
      1. 1.1In contrast with.
        ‘over against heaven is hell’
        • ‘The Commentary on the Song of Songs points much more in this direction, in that the synagogue and the church are set over against one another as the ‘old Eve’ and the ‘new Eve.’’
        • ‘From that perspective, a main problem in the book is its tendency to posit psychosocial explanations over against ecclesiastical, theological, and philosophical turns.’
        • ‘He sets over against this his own clear spiritual position.’
        • ‘She put her sixth-century royal French name and wealth to work for a safe and peaceful women's religious community over against the violence and brutality around her.’
        • ‘Evangelical Protestantism defines itself over against mainline Protestantism.’
        • ‘In fact, the New Testament is clearer and fuller on this than the Old Testament, as can be seen by looking at what Jesus, the incarnate Son of God, taught about Hell, over against the prophets, for example.’
        • ‘They do not need to define Christianity as a religion of grace over against a religion of law, because they discover in the actual words of Paul that no such contrast exists in his letters.’
        • ‘The Report could have chosen to speak in the strident tone of the Apocalypse, defining the church over against the whore of Babylon.’
        • ‘But to find this a compelling argument, one must already be convinced of the inalienable sanctity of choice, over against every other social good.’
        • ‘She is attempting to define herself over against the established powers.’
  • over and above

    • In addition to.

      ‘exceptional service over and above what normally might be expected’
      • ‘Drill pay, while adequate, is over and above what they are paid on their civilian jobs.’
      • ‘Each target audience requires information that is unique to itself over and above the general information.’
      • ‘There are some locations where traffic calming, over and above that provided by the existing laws of the highway, may be desirable.’
      • ‘Any money allows us to improve patient comfort or bring in new equipment that is over and above what we would normally buy for ourselves.’
      • ‘The deal included a signing on bonus and an extra £85-a-day over and above their wages.’
      • ‘A farmer may also apply for an additional bond over and above his or her basic quota.’
      • ‘In fact, he had made a new addition to his daily itinerary over and above what he had been doing before.’
      • ‘It is not envisaged that the proposal will lead to any increase in noise from the site over and above any that may be generated at present.’
      • ‘He behaved as an employee but had an interest as shareholder over and above that of employee and stood to gain if the company prospered.’
      • ‘Any profit they make over and above the interest charges of the loan, increases the value of the fund for all participating investors.’
      in addition to, on top of, over and beyond, plus, as well as, besides, not to mention, along with, let alone
      View synonyms
  • over and done with

    • Completely finished.

      • ‘I'm not too concerned about the exam, just looking forwards to getting it over and done with.’
      • ‘I'd like to get this over and done with as quickly as possible.’
      • ‘It was as if everyone was waiting for the official speeches to be over and done with.’
      • ‘It is a strange feeling to work on this project for a whole year, only for it to be over and done with in what feels like the blink of an eye.’
      • ‘But all we want to do is get it over and done with and hope that our daughter can go on to lead a normal life.’
      • ‘My only hope at this point is that they get this wretched debacle over and done with as soon as possible, and preferably before it gets really messy.’
      • ‘We go up and do our training, get it over and done with, and try not to be distracted by what people are saying about the match.’
      • ‘If I have to testify I ask that it be done as soon as possible, because I just want to get this over and done with and get on with my life.’
      • ‘The longer this fiasco goes on, then the more shareholders are going to be hurt, so let's get it over and done with as quickly as possible.’
      • ‘Thank goodness that's all over and done with for another year.’
      completed, concluded, consummated, finalized, terminated, over and done with, over, in the past, at an end
      View synonyms
  • over and over

    • Again and again.

      • ‘I liked The Jungle Book soundtrack which I used to play over and over on my tape player.’
      • ‘It one of those movies you can watch over and over.’
      • ‘There is this song repeating itself over and over in my head but I can't get further than a few words.’
      • ‘Repeat this over and over at gradually lengthening intervals until your baby goes to sleep.’
      • ‘She read the novel over and over.’
      repeatedly, again and again, over and over again, time and again, time and time again, many times over, on many occasions, on several occasions, often, frequently, recurrently, constantly, continually, persistently, regularly, habitually, ad nauseam
      View synonyms
  • over to you

    • informal Used to say that it is now your turn or responsibility.

      ‘it's over to you, the people of Scotland, to decide who should win’
      • ‘Over to you to discuss whatever you want in the world of football transfers’
      • ‘We think this sums up things more eloquently than we ever could, so over to you John.’
      • ‘The nominees have been suggested by our judging panel but it's over to you to decide who should win.’
      • ‘Anyway, it's over to you now to listen to five of our favorites and pick the one that you fancy the most!’
      • ‘Over to you consumer: vote with your feet.’

Origin

Old English ofer, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch over and German über, from an Indo-European word (originally a comparative of the element represented by -ove in above) which is also the base of Latin super and Greek huper.

Pronunciation:

over

/ˈōvər/