Definition of outer in US English:

outer

adjective

  • 1attributive Outside; external.

    ‘the outer door’
    • ‘In the next few weeks the roof, outer cladding and external works will be added.’
    • ‘Their downslope change in symmetry suggests that a thin outer layer of competent salt buckled.’
    • ‘Collectively, these observations suggest that the thin outer layer is a primary feature of the sclerite wall.’
    • ‘She came to a stop outside the outer door to the king's privy chamber, swallowing hard.’
    • ‘And while this reconstructs the outer skin layer, it does not reconstruct the pigments and pores in the skin.’
    • ‘Be sure the outer layer of clothing is tightly woven, preferably wind - resistant, to reduce body-heat loss caused by wind.’
    • ‘As they clattered into the street outside I heard voices of slaves, and the outer door creaking open.’
    • ‘He also admits he might be running out of countries since his brand of humour touches only ‘a very superficial outer layer’ of each place.’
    • ‘There is evidence that beneath a thick outer layer of ice the moon is covered in liquid or slushy water.’
    • ‘As red giants age, they eventually cast off the outer layers of their surfaces.’
    • ‘The ear of a mammal is divided into three regions: the external or outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear.’
    • ‘This allows small ‘pouches’ of the inner layers to be forced outwards through the outer layer.’
    • ‘Skinflint walkers can walk on by the gatehouse and follow the deep ditch that runs outside the high outer curtain of 14 th-century walls.’
    • ‘Made of what is called cortical bone, the outer shell is remarkably thin.’
    • ‘Using a potato peeler, remove any harder outer layers (larger stalks need thorough paring down; thinner stalks don't need much at all).’
    • ‘The outer edges are white, barred with black, with a dark center.’
    • ‘The retinal pigment epithelium, which is the outer layer of the retina, fails to carry out its function as a result of which there is accumulation of the breakdown products.’
    • ‘Here, there would be such a huge number of electrons and positrons created that the radiation would be trapped, except for a thin layer at the outer edge of the gas.’
    • ‘I knocked on the outer door of the porch - no answer.’
    • ‘The results may look simple, but the shape has in fact been gently molded to flatter, and the edges sheared and overlapped to offer glimpses of the neck and brow through the outer layers.’
    outside, outermost, outward, exterior, external, surface, superficial
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Further from the center or inside.
      ‘the outer hall at the museum's main entrance’
      • ‘Elsewhere, motorists using the A64 in both directions found difficult conditions, and extra-long queues developed at busy parts of the city's outer ring road.’
      • ‘‘There's no comparison between Manchester city centre and the outer areas and it would help everybody in the area,’ he added.’
      • ‘Charles' district in the outer suburbs of Melbourne is considered a bellwether seat.’
      • ‘Scott and Fran left the main castle and they walked around the village inside the outer castle walls.’
      • ‘In a leaflet sent to every York household, people have backed site A, which is located inside the outer ring road behind the Civil Service sports ground.’
      • ‘The key to it is to develop a new outer breakwater in our harbour.’
      • ‘Have any of them lived in the rural areas or the outer suburbs?’
      • ‘There are two heavy guns on the outer wall that are just inside the outer mouth of the port.’
      • ‘Flower buds formed quickly and now two have bloomed with pink outer petals and white centres contrasting well, if accidentally, with the dark red stems of the dogwood.’
      • ‘Surely it makes sense to develop that and allow a phased switch from the city centre to an outer Dublin location.’
      • ‘The biggest project, however, was the preliminary work on the second river crossing, the city bypass and the outer ring road.’
      • ‘In the last seven years, more than 80,000 households have been relocated from city centre to outer areas.’
      • ‘The 28-year-old heroin drug addict is banned from the city centre and from begging inside the outer ring road for five years.’
      • ‘The site was chosen on the assurance of a motorable road to connect the centre with the outer ring road.’
      • ‘People in today's outer suburbs love their homes and enjoy their lives.’
      • ‘Without hesitation, she climbs out and makes her way out into the outer trench right outside.’
      • ‘Andrew stood on the edge of the ruins that marked the outer boundaries of the city centre.’
      • ‘It is outside the outer ring road of Shanghai, which is very far from the city.’
      • ‘Aluminium pans should be fairly thick to allow the heat to travel from the centre to the outer rim; cheap, thin pans burn food easily.’
      • ‘He also expressed confidence that further improvements to the city's infrastructure would be witnessed with the commencement of the city bypass and outer ring road.’
    2. 1.2 (especially in place names) more remote.
      ‘Outer Mongolia’
      • ‘He spent his childhood and teenage years in the suburbs of outer London, already marginalised, already looking in at the centre from the edges.’
      • ‘It sounds more like the quality of life in a struggling inner-city area than a leafy outer London suburb like Bexley.’
      outlying, distant, remote, faraway, furthest, peripheral, fringe, border, marginal, suburban, perimeter
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 Objective or physical; not subjective.
      • ‘Many patients buried their emotions, utterly helpless and dependent as they were, for the sake of peace, maintaining an outer stoicism they did not feel.’
      • ‘The outer landscape stays the same; the inner landscape changes.’
      • ‘She can show her inner world changing, even as her outer optimism and cheer stays painted on.’
      • ‘Inner and outer beauty makes a perfect photographic subject.’
      • ‘The images act as both a mapping of the session itself, and as transitional objects that lie between inner and outer reality.’
      • ‘He judged on the outer, the material not the spiritual.’
      • ‘He offers his, and indeed the century's, standard example of clocks which may have various internal mechanisms to produce the same outer effects.’
      • ‘Simplify your outer life so your inner life can take charge.’
      • ‘But our two worlds, the outer one and the inner one, sometimes remain separate realms.’
      • ‘When we are attuned in this way, the inner and the outer coincide.’
      • ‘We are completely distracted toward outer phenomena.’
      • ‘Inner consciousness and outer reality are intimately related and co-create each other.’
      • ‘Gestures figured or embodied the dialectic between inner essence and outer appearance, since they were supposed to express to the viewer the secret movements of the soul within.’
      • ‘For Mohammed dance is the outer physical expression of the inner being, disciplined by rhythm.’
      • ‘The cognitive outer mask that we often live in, or at least I used to live in, it sort of draws you away from who you really are.’
      • ‘We work with the outer form of our physical existence by bringing our complete attention to the physical body, which is the primary basis for our clinging.’
      • ‘Only then do we balance the inner with the outer.’
      • ‘The film plays with the concepts of inner beauty and outer beauty, physical beauty and the beauty of true emotions.’
      • ‘I don't think you can really differentiate between the inner spiritual world of yourself and the outer physical world around you.’
      • ‘Strictly speaking, our knowledge reaches only as far as the phenomena of inner and outer experience.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from out + -er, replacing earlier utter.

Pronunciation

outer

/ˈoudər//ˈaʊdər/