Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1Turn into bone or bony tissue.‘these tracheal cartilages may ossify’
turn into bone, become bony, harden, solidify, stiffen, rigidify, petrify, fossilizeView synonyms
- ‘Growth of a bone ceases when the growth plate ossifies, and this occurs at different times for different bones.’
- ‘Other techniques can be used for older bodies, such as the amount of cartilage that has ossified or turned into bone-like material and how worn the teeth are.’
- ‘Subungual exostosis begins as a reactive fibrous growth that develops cartilage and ultimately ossifies.’
- ‘In most fossil coelacanths, the swimbladder appears to be ossified and, consequently, these fishes were probably confined to shallow water.’
- ‘The flat bones ossify directly from such fibrous tissue rather than from intermediary cartilage.’
- ‘In humans, the connection ossifies during early adulthood.’
- ‘In later years some of these joints completely ossify (are converted to solid bone material).’
- ‘The postcranial skeleton, and especially the vertebrae, carpals and tarsals, were very slow to ossify.’
- ‘The joint between the incus and stapes is likewise a cartilagenous joint, with a tendency to ossify in older humans.’
- ‘Fossilized embryos are rarely discovered, because their bones only begin to ossify late in development.’
2often as adjective ossifiedCease developing; be stagnant or rigid.‘ossified political institutions’
become inflexible, become rigid, fossilize, harden, rigidify, stagnate, become obdurate, become unyielding, become unprogressive, cease developingView synonyms
- ‘By the 1980s, political life was suffocating and the political system had ossified.’
- ‘A really revolutionary programme can't just be preserved, it must develop through tackling new realities, otherwise it becomes ossified and sterile.’
- ‘Now, she is qualified to join forces and she can be pacified by this inane and ossified ideology.’
- ‘One of my favorite postelection maps showed the United States divided along the traditional, and increasingly ossified, red and blue state lines.’
- ‘In addition, the agricultural protectionism of the European Union, ossified in the economic miasma of the Common Agricultural Policy, needs to be scrapped.’
- ‘Because of deep specialization, the scientific enterprise has a built-in tendency to ossify.’
- ‘He goes on to insist he believes in a meritocracy and that achieving this is ‘an economic necessity’, adding: ‘Economies that do not bring out the best in people will ossify and fall behind’.’
- ‘Too much debate on the Left is about defending ossified thought patterns and structures which have actually outlived their usefulness.’
- ‘I have a less ossified view of culture, one that sees it as not fixed in a person's or nation's history, but as a fluid, ongoing process.’
- ‘Tradition for me comes from establishing a dialogue with something rather than blindly following an age old or ossified system.’
- ‘The problem with union rights requiring judges and courts to uphold them is that they ossify and become the target of lawyers and others who wish to destroy them.’
- ‘Bodies like the Property Services Agency, the Common Services Agency and others, which were seen as out-dated and ossified, were gradually cleared out and then privatised.’
- ‘The danger for any new movement is that it too ossifies and becomes another orthodoxy.’
- ‘The drawing style has completely ossified, too.’
- ‘He said that initially he had an aversion to opera, seeing it as a somewhat ossified form of music.’
- ‘How this imaginative and commercially successful development was allowed to stand still, indeed to ossify, in the hands of its originator is one of the most remarkable stories of industrial history.’
- ‘The baron ought to be repellent, but he quickly gathers the audience on his side, as an unlikely agent for freedom in a repressive, ossified society.’
- ‘As two business scholars observed, ‘Yesterday's winning formula ossifies into today's conventional wisdom before petrifying into tomorrow's tablets of stone.’’
- ‘It is capable of continuous creativity rather than, like other civilizations, ossifying and losing the capacity of creative adjustment to new challenges.’
- ‘If we did this, our cities would stand still, ossify and die.’
Early 18th century: from French ossifier, from Latin os, oss- ‘bone’.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.