Definition of orthodox in US English:

orthodox

adjective

  • 1(of a person or their views, especially religious or political ones, or other beliefs or practices) conforming to what is generally or traditionally accepted as right or true; established and approved.

    ‘orthodox medical treatment’
    ‘orthodox Hindus’
    ‘the orthodox economics of today’
    • ‘Although Berlin has the fastest growing Jewish population in the world, the community is ethnically diverse and spans a range of traditions from orthodox to secular.’
    • ‘As an orthodox Jew and a doctor in training I completely agree with your statements.’
    • ‘Others come from more orthodox religious traditions, readily linking parapsychology with its heterodox metaphysical precursors.’
    • ‘The therapy is not intended as a substitute for orthodox medical treatment, the Association of Reflexologists stresses.’
    • ‘As in orthodox economics, the practitioners of econophysics fall into either the deductive or empirical camps.’
    • ‘According to the Association of Reflexologists, the therapy is not intended as a substitute for orthodox medical treatment.’
    • ‘My philosophy is normal orthodox philosophy, such as has come down from the Indians through the Greeks, to Spinoza.’
    • ‘There are also those who believe in reincarnation who would appear to have no orthodox religion.’
    • ‘Our response is that the third party followed the orthodox practice, which was dry drilling in coal or soft strata and wet drilling in stone.’
    • ‘There is a very profoundly conservative side to Newman's thought which appeals to traditionalists and those who wish to maintain the orthodox tradition.’
    • ‘The fundamentalist is always trying to conform his or her experience to his or her orthodox belief, to his or her fundamentalism.’
    • ‘Thus, Hegel's rationalism was seen as a threat not only to orthodox religion but to orthodox politics as well.’
    • ‘At the same time, there was a significant portion of the youngest Catholic men whose beliefs and practices were very orthodox.’
    • ‘That they not only accept this situation but value it and actively re-create it is due to the nature of orthodox beliefs and practices.’
    • ‘I now accepted the orthodox Christian doctrine of Creation.’
    • ‘He follows the orthodox code and strictly observes the Sabbath from sundown on Friday to sundown on Saturday, so there is an obvious impact on his political life.’
    • ‘For 150 years, it fell from orthodox medical practice.’
    • ‘Like orthodox Muslims, they prayed five times a day, though not facing Mecca.’
    • ‘First, some women reject feminism in favor of more orthodox forms of religion.’
    • ‘Instead of joining forces with the best of these traditions, orthodox medical practitioners have either ignored them or denounced their practitioners as quacks.’
    conservative, traditional, observant, conformist, devout, strict, true, true blue, of the faith, of the true faith
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    1. 1.1 (of a person) not independent-minded; conventional and unoriginal.
      ‘a relatively orthodox artist’
      • ‘But, as Koerner amply demonstrates, Linnaeus was scarcely an orthodox thinker in any realm.’
      • ‘This is the finest moment of Dead Poets Society, the story of a thoroughly unorthodox teacher at a thoroughly orthodox boys' prep school.’
      • ‘The orthodox husbands will be peeved, no doubt.’
      • ‘They're quite orthodox, not gimmicked in any way.’
      • ‘She came from an orthodox family and her father's political leanings provided her an opportunity to meet political leaders.’
      • ‘Yes, she is thoroughly orthodox, but her concern for truth is far deeper than mere orthodoxy and harmony with tradition.’
      • ‘She was as hip in her outlook as her parents were orthodox.’
      • ‘This has been explained by the conservative and orthodox mindset and a tradition where dance and music were more popular than visual arts of painting and sculpture.’
      • ‘Sethu remembers her mother-in-law as an orthodox person who managed to run the house with very little money.’
      • ‘Branch, back in for the first time since Boxing Day, ran hard but without much joy and was replaced just after the hour by the more orthodox Ben Muirhead.’
      • ‘The Rangers right winger was a fine orthodox player but on this occasion he had to be replaced by the skilful, but out-of - position, Ralph Brand.’
      conventional, mainstream, conformist, accepted, approved, received, recognized, correct, proper, established, well established, authorized, authoritative, traditional, traditionalist, prevailing, prevalent, common, popular, customary, usual, normal, regular, standard, canonical, doctrinal, unheretical, conservative, unoriginal, derivative
      View synonyms
  • 2(of a thing) of the ordinary or usual type; normal.

    ‘they avoided orthodox jazz venues’
    • ‘One aspect of these changes was the weakening of the orthodox heterosexual double standard.’
    • ‘The patients in this study underwent allergic testing according to standards of orthodox medicine.’
    • ‘Mr Wood acknowledged that most routine orthodox types of surgery were currently performed without the need for blood products.’
    • ‘During a loan period with Middlesbrough in season 1999-2000, he looked an ordinary player, locked into an orthodox four-man midfield.’
    • ‘Not much about Grimaud's career has been predictable or orthodox.’
    • ‘Supreme Command challenges what has become the orthodox or ‘normal’ theory of civil versus military command.’
    normal, average, ordinary, standard, regular, routine, run-of-the-mill, stock, conventional, predictable, unsurprising, unremarkable, unexceptional
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  • 3usually Orthodox(of the Jews or Judaism) strictly keeping to traditional doctrine and ritual.

    • ‘You were shocked only due to a lack of knowledge of a widespread practice among Orthodox Jews.’
    • ‘One way is to stress that Orthodox Jews regard halakha as binding.’
    • ‘Orthodox Jews believe in the divinely inspired ‘oral tradition’.’
    • ‘Do they apply only to Orthodox Jews, all Jews, part of humankind or all of humanity?’
    • ‘It tells the stories of Hasidic and Orthodox Jews who are gay or lesbian.’
    • ‘For Orthodox Jews, kashrut laws are extremely important; for Reform Jews, nothing could be further from the truth.’
    • ‘Half an hour before Shabbat, the Orthodox rabbi in Sacramento that they knew retrieved us.’
    • ‘The film's focus works perfectly to elucidate what it means to be gay and Jewish and Orthodox.’
    • ‘My daughter is enrolled at the Orthodox Day School and we belong to a small Orthodox synagogue.’
    • ‘Instead of Wall Street, the son has made the spiritual life as an Orthodox Jew his primary focus.’
    • ‘He acted as head of the Los Angeles Beth Din or Orthodox Jewish rabbinical court.’
    • ‘I do cannot understand how an Orthodox Jewish site can allow such an article to be published.’
    • ‘However, some Hasidic Jews, an Orthodox sect, forbid the eating of these products.’
    • ‘In order to marry, a Jewish citizen of Israel must meet the Orthodox Halachic requirements that are applied in the Rabbinical courts.’
    • ‘He became the guide of Orthodox Jewry around the world because the community sought his guidance.’
    • ‘There are excesses to be found in celebrations of Orthodox Jews as there are in those of Jews of other affiliations.’
    • ‘Sounds like the liberal Jewish complaint against the Orthodox synagogue.’
    • ‘Glatt remained an Orthodox Jew but also a true European of the old school.’
    • ‘He is an Orthodox Jew who teaches Rabbinic Studies in California.’
    • ‘Our world offers things that both accelerate and impede our jobs as Orthodox Jews.’
  • 4usually OrthodoxRelating to the Orthodox Church.

    • ‘On the basis of this principle, an approach to the Anglican and the Orthodox churches has been sought.’
    • ‘Not a single mainline Protestant, Eastern Orthodox, or Catholic leader was invited.’
    • ‘Today, the World Council of Churches also represents Eastern Orthodox Churches.’
    • ‘On the eve of both Christmas day and Easter day, Orthodox Copts break their fast with a variety of dishes made of beef and poultry.’
    • ‘Ben is now the pastor emeritus of the Orthodox Christian Reformed Church of Cambridge Ontario.’
    • ‘There were many faithful Orthodox and Protestant bishops, pastors and evangelists.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Greek orthodoxos (probably via ecclesiastical Latin), from orthos ‘straight or right’ + doxa ‘opinion’.

Pronunciation

orthodox

/ˈôrTHəˌdäks//ˈɔrθəˌdɑks/