Definition of orientation in English:

orientation

noun

  • 1The determination of the relative position of something or someone (especially oneself)

    ‘the child's surroundings provide clues to help in orientation’
    • ‘Vine trellising, and careful row orientation have become more common, and in certain areas irrigation is now practised to good effect.’
    • ‘As a result, passengers and crew found orientation difficult, though the provision of snap light wands alleviated this problem to some degree.’
    • ‘The appearance of a given earthbound place in a painting or photograph normally initiates for the Western viewer an immediate response of physical orientation.’
    • ‘The tactical screen was selected on the device's multipurpose display to assist in navigational orientation.’
    • ‘The core disturbance involves an acute generalised impairment of cognitive function that affects orientation, attention, memory, and planning and organisational skills.’
    • ‘For many years flight was a daytime visual activity until the development of instruments to assist in orientation.’
    • ‘Another proof of the positive developments in bilateral economic relations was the new orientation of Greek investment.’
    • ‘A gap in the fences that allows boats to pass through is marked by a sign on a pole for orientation from a distance or in bad visibility.’
    • ‘Actually, I think it's a matter of compass orientation.’
    • ‘A possible resolution could be associated with the initial orientation of the molecule relative to the pore axis.’
    • ‘Maximal acceptance angle and optimal orientation of the detector relative to the incident light is important to obtain the largest output signal and improved SNR.’
    • ‘Self-fulfillment and even the working out of personal identity and a sense of orientation in the world depend upon a communal enterprise.’
    • ‘Human beings, in common with other vertebrates, possess a set of sense organs that provide information to the brain concerning orientation and motion of the body.’
    • ‘They may experience confusion, or problems with memory, spatial orientation or perception.’
    • ‘On outdoor roads, lighting conditions can vary dramatically due to factors such as time of day, orientation relative to the sun, and weather.’
    • ‘These days have been incredibly traumatic and the only place I can receive some positive therapy and orientation is this great site.’
    • ‘Depending on the relative orientation of the dislocation and precipitate, the internal stress will aid dislocation motion or hinder dislocation motion.’
    • ‘Instead of relying on signage to help people find their way, more facilities are trying to make orientation and navigation more intuitive by using different materials.’
    • ‘The agreed reforms aim to ensure the Common Agricultural Policy is firmly based on the principles of market orientation, sustainability and environmental awareness.’
    • ‘But I had lost my sense of orientation and I was not quite sure where to put myself.’
    1. 1.1 The relative physical position or direction of something.
      ‘two complex shapes, presented in different orientations’
      • ‘Also trucks at certain camera positions and orientations may obscure detection of certain vehicles.’
      • ‘Would we look at old magnetic rocks of various orientations and wonder, why did they solidify that way?’
      • ‘Pictures of the 10 objects, without the donut, appeared in three different orientations.’
      • ‘First, a calibration process determines camera position and orientation with respect to the vehicle platform.’
      • ‘Find out about the villa's position and orientation so you know that you do not have go to the beach in order to catch some rays.’
      • ‘We measured nest orientation by first locating the opening in the vegetation used by adults to access the nest.’
      • ‘Gyroscopes are mounted disks that spin so that their axes can turn freely and maintain a constant orientation in space.’
      • ‘The specimens are flattened in a variety of orientations to the bedding planes.’
      • ‘Large broken tree trunks are found randomly distributed through the coal in many different orientations.’
      • ‘The opposing magnetic orientations, IBM explains, make the multilayer structure appear much thinner than it actually is.’
      • ‘At low strains the collagen fibers have almost random orientations.’
      • ‘There is no relationship between the lattice orientations of the two minerals.’
      • ‘Slightly different results were obtained when using different orientations of the model.’
      • ‘These are commonly scattered in random orientations, covering up to 80% of some bedding surfaces.’
      • ‘Before the enemy plonked a torpedo into the engine room of the ship, they didn't debate the exact depth at which she was to rest, nor her orientation relative to access points on shore.’
      • ‘Even interior walls in many buildings have astronomical orientations.’
      • ‘The opposing magnetic orientations make the entire multilayer structure appear much thinner than it actually is.’
      • ‘The camera does an excellent job of tracking your boarder's movement and I was always able to properly determine my orientation relative to the ground.’
      • ‘There are, in effect, two different orientations involved in discussing patterns and their positions.’
      • ‘We suggest that the folds east and west of each of these faults developed at the same time as each other and the intervening fault, but with different orientations.’
      • ‘Those granules are tiny metallic crystals in varied shapes and orientations.’
      positioning, location, position, situation, lie, bearings, angle, placement, direction, alignment, emplacement, locating, situating
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    2. 1.2Zoology An animal's change of position in response to an external stimulus, especially with respect to compass directions.
      • ‘The sign of the reflexes are such that they would act to counter any imposed perturbations, bringing the animal back to a stable orientation.’
      • ‘Preliminary results of male orientation behavior relative to air flow and pheromone location are presented.’
      • ‘This makes it impossible to infer a dorsoventral orientation of any zooid in a colony.’
      • ‘Its responses to changes in the magnetic field depend on both the orientation of the magnetic field and the orientation of the bird's head to the horizon.’
      • ‘There appears to be some species-specific responses of migratory orientation by songbirds under narrowband illumination.’
      • ‘Visual cues are known to be an important factor affecting the close range orientation of male codling moth to females or synthetic lures.’
      • ‘This work showed that Tritonia devotes a large part of its pedal ganglion neural circuitry to determining its orientation with respect to ambient water currents.’
      • ‘This particular light range, which is not perceived by humans, seems to play a role in avian communication, and it is used by birds in orientation, in feeding, and in searching for food.’
      • ‘Able also found differences in orientation depending on weather conditions, but he found birds exhibiting downwind orientation under conditions of overcast.’
      • ‘The orientation of the animal can change, but he will be looking in a different direction.’
    3. 1.3 Familiarization with something.
      ‘their training and orientation comes out of magazine and newspaper distribution’
      • ‘The key would be the human resource standard required, followed by the training, orientation and procedures to support this integrated service.’
      • ‘With this odd schedule during orientation at the new job, he won't be spending the days with me that he normally would.’
      • ‘They do so through orientation sessions for new faculty members, training workshops for deans and chairs, their faculty handbooks, and their Web sites.’
      • ‘In the five weeks that they are there, they will spend the first week in Dar Es Salam as a group and this is where their training and orientation will take place with the country NGO, Africa Alive.’
      • ‘Implement combined orientation training for Senior Executive Service civilians and general officers.’
      • ‘He found that these pharmacists believed that students should not be relied upon to expand clinical services and that orientation and training are often time-consuming.’
      • ‘For instance, how many news organizations make plagiarism prevention a part of new employee orientation and continuing training efforts?’
      • ‘All participants who received standard orientation were automatically assigned to receive the routine, ongoing treatment at the clinic.’
      • ‘The more games are utilized, the more likely it is that staff will enjoy orientation and realize that they can implement those same games as lessons for their campers.’
      • ‘For user orientation, indicate the relationship of individual search results with the navigation scheme of the web site.’
      • ‘A further period of orientation and training was undertaken.’
      • ‘Foreign-educated nurses need extensive orientation and training in the US health care system.’
      • ‘Annual focus on Board training and development will be incorporated in the spring Board orientation and planning retreat.’
      • ‘Nurse educators provided insight into the practicality of the protocol and assisted with organization of orientation for nursing staff.’
      • ‘In addition, each business must go through some training and orientation.’
      • ‘But after the election, the legislative assembly should invest much more in MLA orientation and training than it did the first time.’
      • ‘Their services include search, professional staffing, orientation and training and performance management support.’
      • ‘The second day would be acclimatisation and orientation.’
      • ‘Welcome new employees with a formal orientation program that lasts more than an hour.’
      • ‘All our weekends have been taken up since Christmas doing orientation and training throughout Ireland.’
      • ‘Mike walked me to the counter, and my training and orientation was done.’
      adaptation, adjustment, accommodation, familiarization, acclimatization, settling in
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    4. 1.4North American A program of introduction for newcomers to a college or other institution.
      ‘she attended freshman orientation’
      • ‘Program components were outlined during routine student orientation to the internal medicine rotation.’
      • ‘The very day I arrived at college for freshman orientation week I was issued the student government's new-boy's handbook.’
      • ‘Stating your expectations shouldn't occur just once in orientation sessions or staff meetings.’
      • ‘It was a pleasant experience being asked to be the ‘keynote speaker’ at the orientation for new summer students at Sophia University a couple of weeks ago.’
      • ‘Education programs are held for students during orientation.’
      • ‘By the end of my first year, I had been elected to a leadership role for the coming year, overseeing the orientation of new students to Huron College.’
      • ‘The PDP adviser guides students through orientation, their first year of college and a required success course, PDP 150.’
      • ‘I remember how surprised I was to hear this at the new faculty orientation.’
      • ‘The schedule lists orientation at the main campus on Saturday, July 22, and first day of classes on Monday, July 24.’
      • ‘Ever since we met at freshman orientation last year, we've bumped heads.’
      • ‘When you have freshman orientation, you receive a lot of material that explains the school's resources.’
      • ‘One was talking, the other listening, in what appeared to be an informal college orientation.’
      • ‘I went to both faculty and residence orientation, which means I have a lot more white t-shirts than I'll ever wear, as one would be more than enough.’
      • ‘Freshman week orientation programs and workshops on coping with stress, although helpful, may still not be adequate.’
      • ‘The report recommended an extended orientation program for students of color that would occur simultaneously with the international students' orientation.’
      • ‘Brochures and orientations made it seem like junior high kids had more freedom, too, but that was just another lie.’
      • ‘I trust that all of you will be able to get settled in by Sunday so I scheduled the second year orientation for Sunday at 3 in the afternoon.’
      • ‘A number of faculty felt orientation should be expanded to include practical classroom teaching advice specific to the community college and its student population.’
      • ‘The orientation introduces the students to interdisciplinary concepts and emphasizes the value of interdisciplinary training to their careers and patient care.’
      • ‘If your school has an orientation program for new students, this is an excellent opportunity to begin the discussion and development of professionalism.’
      • ‘Still haven't actually ‘met’ anyone since orientation though.’
    5. 1.5 A person's basic attitude, beliefs, or feelings in relation to a particular subject or issue.
      ‘his book is well worth reading, regardless of your political orientation’
      • ‘Needless to say we were not - I don't even know the political orientations of the others who turned up.’
      • ‘The state church acknowledges homosexual orientation but disapproves of its practice.’
      • ‘On the contrary, many gay men and women welcome the idea that their orientation is rooted in biology.’
      • ‘There is no sign of it abandoning the usual academic Leftist orientation, though.’
      • ‘The English bishops say instead that homosexual orientation must never be considered sinful or evil in itself just so long as it is not sexually expressed.’
      • ‘But she blasted the Thornburgh panel for considering her political orientation.’
      • ‘The working class as a whole confronts the task of adopting a new political orientation and constructing a new party.’
      • ‘As a result of Lawrence many, of all orientations and political creeds, see same-sex marriage as the next step.’
      • ‘Russian politicians of all orientations reacted to the events with harsh condemnation and protests.’
      • ‘They conclude that a person's sexual orientation is determined before birth.’
      • ‘Let us begin by acknowledging that Christians and business have different orientations.’
      • ‘The orientation of Burke's mind can be understood in terms of the Irish Enlightenment.’
      • ‘In doing so, these writers demonstrate that religious orientation is crucial to an investigation of how immigrant populations have adjusted to American society.’
      • ‘In addition, several items assessed subjects' preferred theoretical orientation and anticipated area of primary professional involvement.’
      • ‘English-Canadian feminists and Quebecoises feminists had very different political orientations.’
      • ‘The idea that you can change sexual orientation is laughable.’
      • ‘The orientation of research and development staff is likely to differ from that of accountants.’
      • ‘Neither of our parents are supportive of our relationship - or our orientation.’
      • ‘Everyone possesses unique orientations and abilities, so each individual will have capabilities that he can call his own.’
      • ‘This has occurred because of differences in the worldviews and political orientations of economic analysts.’
      • ‘The same spiritual orientations appear throughout Roncalli's adult life.’
      • ‘Research data may not be relevant to persons with fundamentally different orientations or worldviews.’
      attitude, inclination, direction, aim, intention
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    6. 1.6

Origin

Mid 19th century: apparently from orient.

Pronunciation

orientation

/ˌôrēənˈtāSH(ə)n/