Definition of orientation in US English:



  • 1The determination of the relative position of something or someone (especially oneself)

    ‘the child's surroundings provide clues to help in orientation’
    • ‘The appearance of a given earthbound place in a painting or photograph normally initiates for the Western viewer an immediate response of physical orientation.’
    • ‘As a result, passengers and crew found orientation difficult, though the provision of snap light wands alleviated this problem to some degree.’
    • ‘For many years flight was a daytime visual activity until the development of instruments to assist in orientation.’
    • ‘A gap in the fences that allows boats to pass through is marked by a sign on a pole for orientation from a distance or in bad visibility.’
    • ‘On outdoor roads, lighting conditions can vary dramatically due to factors such as time of day, orientation relative to the sun, and weather.’
    • ‘The core disturbance involves an acute generalised impairment of cognitive function that affects orientation, attention, memory, and planning and organisational skills.’
    • ‘They may experience confusion, or problems with memory, spatial orientation or perception.’
    • ‘Actually, I think it's a matter of compass orientation.’
    • ‘The tactical screen was selected on the device's multipurpose display to assist in navigational orientation.’
    • ‘Vine trellising, and careful row orientation have become more common, and in certain areas irrigation is now practised to good effect.’
    • ‘A possible resolution could be associated with the initial orientation of the molecule relative to the pore axis.’
    • ‘But I had lost my sense of orientation and I was not quite sure where to put myself.’
    • ‘The agreed reforms aim to ensure the Common Agricultural Policy is firmly based on the principles of market orientation, sustainability and environmental awareness.’
    • ‘These days have been incredibly traumatic and the only place I can receive some positive therapy and orientation is this great site.’
    • ‘Instead of relying on signage to help people find their way, more facilities are trying to make orientation and navigation more intuitive by using different materials.’
    • ‘Maximal acceptance angle and optimal orientation of the detector relative to the incident light is important to obtain the largest output signal and improved SNR.’
    • ‘Self-fulfillment and even the working out of personal identity and a sense of orientation in the world depend upon a communal enterprise.’
    • ‘Another proof of the positive developments in bilateral economic relations was the new orientation of Greek investment.’
    • ‘Depending on the relative orientation of the dislocation and precipitate, the internal stress will aid dislocation motion or hinder dislocation motion.’
    • ‘Human beings, in common with other vertebrates, possess a set of sense organs that provide information to the brain concerning orientation and motion of the body.’
    1. 1.1 The relative physical position or direction of something.
      ‘two complex shapes, presented in different orientations’
      • ‘Also trucks at certain camera positions and orientations may obscure detection of certain vehicles.’
      • ‘The specimens are flattened in a variety of orientations to the bedding planes.’
      • ‘Would we look at old magnetic rocks of various orientations and wonder, why did they solidify that way?’
      • ‘These are commonly scattered in random orientations, covering up to 80% of some bedding surfaces.’
      • ‘First, a calibration process determines camera position and orientation with respect to the vehicle platform.’
      • ‘We measured nest orientation by first locating the opening in the vegetation used by adults to access the nest.’
      • ‘We suggest that the folds east and west of each of these faults developed at the same time as each other and the intervening fault, but with different orientations.’
      • ‘Gyroscopes are mounted disks that spin so that their axes can turn freely and maintain a constant orientation in space.’
      • ‘The opposing magnetic orientations, IBM explains, make the multilayer structure appear much thinner than it actually is.’
      • ‘Before the enemy plonked a torpedo into the engine room of the ship, they didn't debate the exact depth at which she was to rest, nor her orientation relative to access points on shore.’
      • ‘The camera does an excellent job of tracking your boarder's movement and I was always able to properly determine my orientation relative to the ground.’
      • ‘Pictures of the 10 objects, without the donut, appeared in three different orientations.’
      • ‘Even interior walls in many buildings have astronomical orientations.’
      • ‘The opposing magnetic orientations make the entire multilayer structure appear much thinner than it actually is.’
      • ‘Those granules are tiny metallic crystals in varied shapes and orientations.’
      • ‘Find out about the villa's position and orientation so you know that you do not have go to the beach in order to catch some rays.’
      • ‘There is no relationship between the lattice orientations of the two minerals.’
      • ‘There are, in effect, two different orientations involved in discussing patterns and their positions.’
      • ‘Slightly different results were obtained when using different orientations of the model.’
      • ‘At low strains the collagen fibers have almost random orientations.’
      • ‘Large broken tree trunks are found randomly distributed through the coal in many different orientations.’
      positioning, location, position, situation, lie, bearings, angle, placement, direction, alignment, emplacement, locating, situating
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    2. 1.2Zoology An animal's change of position in response to an external stimulus, especially with respect to compass directions.
      • ‘Its responses to changes in the magnetic field depend on both the orientation of the magnetic field and the orientation of the bird's head to the horizon.’
      • ‘There appears to be some species-specific responses of migratory orientation by songbirds under narrowband illumination.’
      • ‘This work showed that Tritonia devotes a large part of its pedal ganglion neural circuitry to determining its orientation with respect to ambient water currents.’
      • ‘Preliminary results of male orientation behavior relative to air flow and pheromone location are presented.’
      • ‘The sign of the reflexes are such that they would act to counter any imposed perturbations, bringing the animal back to a stable orientation.’
      • ‘Able also found differences in orientation depending on weather conditions, but he found birds exhibiting downwind orientation under conditions of overcast.’
      • ‘Visual cues are known to be an important factor affecting the close range orientation of male codling moth to females or synthetic lures.’
      • ‘This makes it impossible to infer a dorsoventral orientation of any zooid in a colony.’
      • ‘The orientation of the animal can change, but he will be looking in a different direction.’
      • ‘This particular light range, which is not perceived by humans, seems to play a role in avian communication, and it is used by birds in orientation, in feeding, and in searching for food.’
    3. 1.3 Familiarization with something.
      ‘their training and orientation comes out of magazine and newspaper distribution’
      • ‘Nurse educators provided insight into the practicality of the protocol and assisted with organization of orientation for nursing staff.’
      • ‘He found that these pharmacists believed that students should not be relied upon to expand clinical services and that orientation and training are often time-consuming.’
      • ‘Mike walked me to the counter, and my training and orientation was done.’
      • ‘In the five weeks that they are there, they will spend the first week in Dar Es Salam as a group and this is where their training and orientation will take place with the country NGO, Africa Alive.’
      • ‘They do so through orientation sessions for new faculty members, training workshops for deans and chairs, their faculty handbooks, and their Web sites.’
      • ‘All our weekends have been taken up since Christmas doing orientation and training throughout Ireland.’
      • ‘In addition, each business must go through some training and orientation.’
      • ‘Foreign-educated nurses need extensive orientation and training in the US health care system.’
      • ‘The more games are utilized, the more likely it is that staff will enjoy orientation and realize that they can implement those same games as lessons for their campers.’
      • ‘Welcome new employees with a formal orientation program that lasts more than an hour.’
      • ‘The second day would be acclimatisation and orientation.’
      • ‘Implement combined orientation training for Senior Executive Service civilians and general officers.’
      • ‘A further period of orientation and training was undertaken.’
      • ‘Their services include search, professional staffing, orientation and training and performance management support.’
      • ‘For instance, how many news organizations make plagiarism prevention a part of new employee orientation and continuing training efforts?’
      • ‘All participants who received standard orientation were automatically assigned to receive the routine, ongoing treatment at the clinic.’
      • ‘For user orientation, indicate the relationship of individual search results with the navigation scheme of the web site.’
      • ‘But after the election, the legislative assembly should invest much more in MLA orientation and training than it did the first time.’
      • ‘The key would be the human resource standard required, followed by the training, orientation and procedures to support this integrated service.’
      • ‘Annual focus on Board training and development will be incorporated in the spring Board orientation and planning retreat.’
      • ‘With this odd schedule during orientation at the new job, he won't be spending the days with me that he normally would.’
      adaptation, adjustment, accommodation, familiarization, acclimatization, settling in
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    4. 1.4North American A program of introduction for newcomers to a college or other institution.
      ‘she attended freshman orientation’
      • ‘The very day I arrived at college for freshman orientation week I was issued the student government's new-boy's handbook.’
      • ‘Brochures and orientations made it seem like junior high kids had more freedom, too, but that was just another lie.’
      • ‘It was a pleasant experience being asked to be the ‘keynote speaker’ at the orientation for new summer students at Sophia University a couple of weeks ago.’
      • ‘Education programs are held for students during orientation.’
      • ‘Ever since we met at freshman orientation last year, we've bumped heads.’
      • ‘The orientation introduces the students to interdisciplinary concepts and emphasizes the value of interdisciplinary training to their careers and patient care.’
      • ‘Still haven't actually ‘met’ anyone since orientation though.’
      • ‘I remember how surprised I was to hear this at the new faculty orientation.’
      • ‘The schedule lists orientation at the main campus on Saturday, July 22, and first day of classes on Monday, July 24.’
      • ‘I went to both faculty and residence orientation, which means I have a lot more white t-shirts than I'll ever wear, as one would be more than enough.’
      • ‘Program components were outlined during routine student orientation to the internal medicine rotation.’
      • ‘A number of faculty felt orientation should be expanded to include practical classroom teaching advice specific to the community college and its student population.’
      • ‘When you have freshman orientation, you receive a lot of material that explains the school's resources.’
      • ‘If your school has an orientation program for new students, this is an excellent opportunity to begin the discussion and development of professionalism.’
      • ‘One was talking, the other listening, in what appeared to be an informal college orientation.’
      • ‘Freshman week orientation programs and workshops on coping with stress, although helpful, may still not be adequate.’
      • ‘The PDP adviser guides students through orientation, their first year of college and a required success course, PDP 150.’
      • ‘Stating your expectations shouldn't occur just once in orientation sessions or staff meetings.’
      • ‘I trust that all of you will be able to get settled in by Sunday so I scheduled the second year orientation for Sunday at 3 in the afternoon.’
      • ‘By the end of my first year, I had been elected to a leadership role for the coming year, overseeing the orientation of new students to Huron College.’
      • ‘The report recommended an extended orientation program for students of color that would occur simultaneously with the international students' orientation.’
    5. 1.5 A person's basic attitude, beliefs, or feelings in relation to a particular subject or issue.
      ‘his book is well worth reading, regardless of your political orientation’
      • ‘The same spiritual orientations appear throughout Roncalli's adult life.’
      • ‘Russian politicians of all orientations reacted to the events with harsh condemnation and protests.’
      • ‘As a result of Lawrence many, of all orientations and political creeds, see same-sex marriage as the next step.’
      • ‘The English bishops say instead that homosexual orientation must never be considered sinful or evil in itself just so long as it is not sexually expressed.’
      • ‘English-Canadian feminists and Quebecoises feminists had very different political orientations.’
      • ‘Needless to say we were not - I don't even know the political orientations of the others who turned up.’
      • ‘There is no sign of it abandoning the usual academic Leftist orientation, though.’
      • ‘Let us begin by acknowledging that Christians and business have different orientations.’
      • ‘The idea that you can change sexual orientation is laughable.’
      • ‘Everyone possesses unique orientations and abilities, so each individual will have capabilities that he can call his own.’
      • ‘Research data may not be relevant to persons with fundamentally different orientations or worldviews.’
      • ‘The orientation of research and development staff is likely to differ from that of accountants.’
      • ‘Neither of our parents are supportive of our relationship - or our orientation.’
      • ‘On the contrary, many gay men and women welcome the idea that their orientation is rooted in biology.’
      • ‘In addition, several items assessed subjects' preferred theoretical orientation and anticipated area of primary professional involvement.’
      • ‘This has occurred because of differences in the worldviews and political orientations of economic analysts.’
      • ‘In doing so, these writers demonstrate that religious orientation is crucial to an investigation of how immigrant populations have adjusted to American society.’
      • ‘But she blasted the Thornburgh panel for considering her political orientation.’
      • ‘They conclude that a person's sexual orientation is determined before birth.’
      • ‘The state church acknowledges homosexual orientation but disapproves of its practice.’
      • ‘The working class as a whole confronts the task of adopting a new political orientation and constructing a new party.’
      • ‘The orientation of Burke's mind can be understood in terms of the Irish Enlightenment.’
      attitude, inclination, direction, aim, intention
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    6. 1.6


Mid 19th century: apparently from orient.