Definition of optical in English:



  • 1Relating to sight, especially in relation to the physical action of light.

    ‘optical illusions’
    • ‘Hooper declared at the outset of his book that optical toys could hone visual perception and, consequently, prime social vigilance.’
    • ‘Not only did Leonardo study the geometry of perspective but he also studied the optical principles of the eye in his attempts to create reality as seen by the eye.’
    • ‘Radio astronomy is a young field relative to optical astronomy.’
    • ‘Strobes and pyrotechnics nestle amongst shadow puppetry, while a vast array of other optical and audio effects assist in the delivery of this fast-moving tale.’
    • ‘The same optical illusion is in the second act.’
    • ‘The new system should help remove the optical trickery that occurs when assistant referees fail to position themselves correctly on the sidelines.’
    seeing, optic, ocular, eye
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Constructed to assist sight.
      • ‘In addition, in bioengineering the low-power demands of this technology are promising for use in hearing aids and optical prosthetics.’
      • ‘Counting how many Pleiads you can see without optical aid is a good test of both your vision and observing conditions; most people see 6 or 7.’
      • ‘Normally, when Christine and I do any serious bird watching, it is with the Core Team and their plethora of optical aids and identification tomes.’
      • ‘The controversy over the use of optical aids by early Renaissance painters is crossdisciplinary and emotionally charged.’
      • ‘Concerning the question of optical aids, there is a possible answer well short of the use of lenses, mirrors, or a pinhole camera obscura.’
      • ‘For some, the use of optical aids compromises genius, and art with it.’
      • ‘This mismatch, he says, militates against the Hockney-Falco claim that the painter relied on optical aids.’
      • ‘Despite the efforts of some art historians to suggest that Vermeer literally transcribed what he saw with optical aids, such was not the case.’
      • ‘The optical sight works either by using ambient light or under low light conditions, from a battery or tritium insert.’
      • ‘You may be able to watch Jupiter disappear - an event known as immersion - without optical aid, though binoculars help.’
    2. 1.2 Devised on the principles of optics.
      • ‘Abbe described the optical process so well that this paper has become the foundation upon which much of our understanding of optical science rests today.’
      • ‘The forward periscope is replaced by a passive optical periscope for night-time manoeuvres.’
      • ‘An optical lattice is a light grid created by the interference of two or more laser beams.’
      • ‘You can operate an optical telegraph as used in the Napoleonic wars, crank up second world war field telephones and learn to read Morse and semaphore.’
      • ‘Created with a rear-screen optical printer and mattes cut out of construction paper, A Man Whose Life Was Full of Woe has a rough, ecstatic collage quality.’
      • ‘For instance, he shows how pencils can be used to explain optical principles.’
      • ‘Currently, most optical fibers are made of solid glass, with pulses of light traveling through the core.’
      • ‘Strong cleaning agents like diluting agents or concentrated cleaners should be avoided since they may affect the optical properties of the sunglasses.’
      • ‘Without doubt, uncovering nature's optical secrets has been, and will continue to be, a spectacular journey.’
      • ‘For 154 years, Zeiss has been an optical pioneer.’
      • ‘The list even includes a professor of optical sciences, Charles Falco.’
      • ‘Deception by mirrors has a basis in optical principles, in so far as reflections in mirrors do not correspond wholly to the objects that caused them.’
      • ‘Astronomy is one of the oldest and truest champions of optical science.’
  • 2Physics
    Operating in or employing the visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum.

    ‘optical telescopes’
    • ‘The paper shows that positrons can see defects better than either optical or electron beam microscopes.’
    • ‘In medium- and high-grade metamorphic terrains, these studies can be adequately accomplished with the aid of optical microscopy.’
    • ‘Of course, the capabilities of optical and infrared telescopes also continued to improve.’
    • ‘An optical light microscope or a scanning electron microscope can be used to see these ‘invisible’ cracks.’
    • ‘Whether the telescope is operating as an optical or an infrared instrument, rarely will there be an astronomer peering through an eyepiece at the Keck's images.’
    1. 2.1Electronics (of a device) requiring electromagnetic radiation for its operation.
      ‘integrated optical circuits’
      • ‘But you can easily add another hard drive, drop in a graphics card or add a new optical drive.’
      • ‘Such a device might one day become the CPU of an optical computer.’
      • ‘Available optical devices such as CDs and DVDs record information on the surface of the disc.’
      • ‘Unlike its electrical predecessor, an optical switch does not convert the signal to an electrical impulse before directing it.’
      • ‘Here's a look at how test sequencers can speed up tests on optical devices, saving time and money.’