One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A compound resembling opium in addictive properties or physiological effects.
- ‘Patients with a past or present history of addiction or dependence on opioids account for the majority of these reports.’
- ‘Some opioids are natural compounds derived from opium, others are synthetic medications that work in a similar way.’
- ‘Historical evidence suggests that law enforcement has been useful in the control of alcohol, tobacco, amphetamine, and opioids.’
- ‘Physicians who were addicted to opioids most commonly used pharmaceutical opioids, with very few using heroin.’
- ‘Some of the most addictive pain medications are opioids, a family of drugs that have effects similar to those of opium or morphine.’
- ‘However, women who are dependent on opioids do better with methadone than with no treatment.’
Relating to or denoting opioids.
- ‘Nalmefene, another opioid antagonist, is similar to naltrexone but without FDA approval for treatment of alcohol dependence.’
- ‘Fentanyl, morphine, and hydromorphone are opioid analgesic medications that may be used for moderate sedation/analgesia.’
- ‘For example, the propensity of opioid abusers entering opioid agonist treatment to discount their cocaine use has been previously documented.’
- ‘The medications most often implicated in prescription drug abuse are opioid analgesics, sedative-hypnotics and stimulants.’
- ‘An oral, poorly absorbed opioid antagonist, such as naloxone, can be helpful when usual laxatives are not working.’
1950s: from opium + -oid.
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