One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Inflammation of the eye, especially conjunctivitis.
- ‘It is said to be useful in intermittent fevers, ulcers, ophthalmia, pleurisy, etc.’
- ‘Men developed eye disorders and acute ophthalmia, and some went blind.’
- ‘Sympathetic ophthalmia, in which chronic inflammation develops in the uninjured eye, is a potentially serious complication of any severe penetrating eye injury.’
- ‘The leaves of bael are useful in ophthalmia, deafness, inflammations, catarrh, diabetes and asthmatic complaints.’
- ‘Sympathetic ophthalmia is a bilateral panuveitis occurring after penetrating trauma or intraocular surgery.’
Late Middle English: via late Latin from Greek, from ophthalmos ‘eye’.
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