Definition of oligodendroglia in US English:


plural noun

  • Oligodendrocytes collectively.

    • ‘No Lewy bodies were identified; however, ubiquitin-positive glial cytoplasmic inclusions were identified in striatal and nigral oligodendroglia.’
    • ‘As in herpes encephalitis, the inclusions in SSPE may be found in neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendroglia.’
    • ‘The astrocytes will stain with glial fibrillary acid protein, the oligodendroglia - like cells with S100 but not with glial fibrillary acid protein, and the neurons with synaptophysin and/or neurofilament.’
    • ‘It also may harm processes of the oligodendroglia, cells found in the central nervous system that form the myelin sheath protecting the axon, a component of nerve cells.’
    • ‘The relationship of such nerve fibers to oligodendroglia in the central nervous system is not quite so intimate.’


1920s: from oligo- ‘few’ + dendro- ‘branching’ + a shortened form of neuroglia.